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Glossary of 08Judaism

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Who is the founder and Patriarch of Judaism?
Abraham
Who was the lawgiver and leader of the Exodus?
Moses
What is the name for the five books of Moses which are the holy writings of the Jewish people?
The Torah
What is the name for the many writings that explain the laws and meanings of the Torah?
the Talmud
What are the laws that Moses brought down from Mount Sinai?
The Ten Commandments
What is monotheism?
Belief in one God.
What is the Jewish name for God?
Yahweh
What is the meaning of a covenant?
It is a special agreement.
What is the strictest form of Judaism?
Orthodox
What is the most modern/relaxed Jewish congregation?
Reform
What is the name for the ceremony that boys (and some girls) go through when they turn 13 and recite from the Torah?
Bar Mitzvah (Bat Mitzvah for girls)
Name three important kings of ancient Israel.
Saul
David
Solomon
What city in Israel is important to the Jews, Christians and Muslims?
Jerusalem
What is the name for the Jewish New Year?
Rosh Hashanah
What is the name for the Jewish Day of Atonement?
Yom Kippur
What holiday celebrates the Maccabee defeat of the Greek Syrians by lighting candles to rededicate the temple?
Chanukkah (Hanukkah)
What holy day is celebrated with a Seder meal commenorating Moses' leading of the Jewish people out of slavery in Egypt?
Passover.
What is the term for the dietary restrictions and food preparation rules for the Jewish people?
Kosher
What is the term for the time when the Jewish temple was destroyed by the Romans and the Jews scattered/expelled from Palestine (Israel)?
The Diaspora.
What is the word for prejudice against Jewish people?
Anti-Semitism
What is the term for Russian attacks on Jewish villages?
pogroms.
What is the name for the late 19th century (1800s) movement to return to a Jewish homeland?
Zionism
In what document did Great Britain promise the creation of a Jewish homeland in 1917?
The Balfour Declaration
What event in Germany and central Europe killed millions of Jews?
The Holocaust
What international organization voted for the partition (division) of Palestine in 1948?
The United Nations (UN)
What events occurred in 1948, 1967 and 1973 in Israel?
(1) the First Arab-Israeli War
(2) the Six Day War (second Arab-Israeli War)
(3) the Yom Kippur War (October War) (third Arab-Israeli War)
What radical group was created to fight for Palestinian Arab rights?
the PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization)
Who was the leader of the PLO until he died in 2004?
Yassir Arafat.
What Palestinian areas did Israel occupy in recent wars?
The West Bank (Palestinian)
The Gaza Strip (Palestinian) and Sinai Peninsula (Egypt)
The Golan Heights (Syria)
Name the radical splinter group that broke away from the PLO.
Hamas.
What is the name for the Palestinian youth uprising involving throwing rocks at Israeli soldiers?
Intifada
Who assassinated Israel's Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin?
A Jewish settler who felt he had given too much back to the Palestinians.
Who assassinated President Anwar Sadat of Egypt?
Muslim extremists who were unhappy with his making people with Israel.
What Jordanian king also negotiated with Israel before his death?
King Hussein (His son is King Abdullah)I
What religion are most Palestinian Arabs?
Muslims.
What is the major religion of Israel?
Judaism.

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