Glossary of 08Judaism
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- Who is the founder and Patriarch of Judaism?
- Who was the lawgiver and leader of the Exodus?
- What is the name for the five books of Moses which are the holy writings of the Jewish people?
- The Torah
- What is the name for the many writings that explain the laws and meanings of the Torah?
- the Talmud
- What are the laws that Moses brought down from Mount Sinai?
- The Ten Commandments
- What is monotheism?
- Belief in one God.
- What is the Jewish name for God?
- What is the meaning of a covenant?
- It is a special agreement.
- What is the strictest form of Judaism?
- What is the most modern/relaxed Jewish congregation?
- What is the name for the ceremony that boys (and some girls) go through when they turn 13 and recite from the Torah?
- Bar Mitzvah (Bat Mitzvah for girls)
- Name three important kings of ancient Israel.
- What city in Israel is important to the Jews, Christians and Muslims?
- What is the name for the Jewish New Year?
- Rosh Hashanah
- What is the name for the Jewish Day of Atonement?
- Yom Kippur
- What holiday celebrates the Maccabee defeat of the Greek Syrians by lighting candles to rededicate the temple?
- Chanukkah (Hanukkah)
- What holy day is celebrated with a Seder meal commenorating Moses' leading of the Jewish people out of slavery in Egypt?
- What is the term for the dietary restrictions and food preparation rules for the Jewish people?
- What is the term for the time when the Jewish temple was destroyed by the Romans and the Jews scattered/expelled from Palestine (Israel)?
- The Diaspora.
- What is the word for prejudice against Jewish people?
- What is the term for Russian attacks on Jewish villages?
- What is the name for the late 19th century (1800s) movement to return to a Jewish homeland?
- In what document did Great Britain promise the creation of a Jewish homeland in 1917?
- The Balfour Declaration
- What event in Germany and central Europe killed millions of Jews?
- The Holocaust
- What international organization voted for the partition (division) of Palestine in 1948?
- The United Nations (UN)
- What events occurred in 1948, 1967 and 1973 in Israel?
- (1) the First Arab-Israeli War
(2) the Six Day War (second Arab-Israeli War)
(3) the Yom Kippur War (October War) (third Arab-Israeli War)
- What radical group was created to fight for Palestinian Arab rights?
- the PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization)
- Who was the leader of the PLO until he died in 2004?
- Yassir Arafat.
- What Palestinian areas did Israel occupy in recent wars?
- The West Bank (Palestinian)
The Gaza Strip (Palestinian) and Sinai Peninsula (Egypt)
The Golan Heights (Syria)
- Name the radical splinter group that broke away from the PLO.
- What is the name for the Palestinian youth uprising involving throwing rocks at Israeli soldiers?
- Who assassinated Israel's Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin?
- A Jewish settler who felt he had given too much back to the Palestinians.
- Who assassinated President Anwar Sadat of Egypt?
- Muslim extremists who were unhappy with his making people with Israel.
- What Jordanian king also negotiated with Israel before his death?
- King Hussein (His son is King Abdullah)I
- What religion are most Palestinian Arabs?
- What is the major religion of Israel?
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