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Glossary of 05CHINESE HISTORY

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Chinese dynastic history goes back for almost _______ years.
4000
Along what River Valley did earliest Chinese civilization form?
The Huang He or Yellow River Valley in Northeast China.
What great desert borders Northern China and Mongolia?
The Gobi Desert.
The Western half of China is very _____________.
Mountainous.
Eastern China borders the ________ Ocean.
Pacific Ocean.
The Himalayan mountains and the jungles of ____ _______ border Southwest China
Viet Nam.
What river valley is the longest river in China, located in Central China, and it's mouth is near the populous city of Shanghai?
The Chiang Jiang or Yangtze River.
Cutting steps into the sides of mountains to expand agriculture and prevent erosion.
Terracing.
This high plateau is north of the Himalayas and the home of the Dalai Lama and controversy.
TIBETAN PLATEAU.
Percent of China that is arable.
10%
Part of China most Chinese live.
Eastern and Southeastern Coastline and along River Valleys.
The Shang Dynasty had bronzes, royal tombs, and the first indications of THIS on oracle bones.
CHINESE CHARACTERS (CALLIGRAPHY or WRITING also OK)
The Capital of China today and the Home of the Forbidden City (of the Emperors).
Beijing.
This is the term that justified why an emperor must be obeyed or when he must be overthrown.
MANDATE OF HEAVEN.
The ZHOU dynasty was China's classical age What two major Chinese philosophies developed at this time?
Confucianism and Daoism (or Taoism)
This short dynasty linked up the Great Wall, centralized government, and created the cruel philosophy of Legalism.
QIN (formerly spelled Chin)
What dynasty went roughly 200 years before and after Christ, and created Confucian bureaucracy, civil service exams (tests to advance in government).
HAN.
These are the two golden ages of art, literature and cultural flowering in Chinese history.
TANG and SONG.
Chinese invented these things first.
Gunpowder (Fireworks); Umbrella; Paper; Printing Press; Coal; Magnetic Compass.
This was the dynasty of Kubla Khan, Mongolian Emperor and descendant of Genghis Khan.
Yuan Dynasty.
This dynasty was famous for its porcelain pottery. It also had a period of naval exploration to India, Southeast Asia and Africa; However they eventually halted exploration and returned to isolation.
MING dynasty.
The last dynasty. China was in decline, very weak, and its economy eventually taken over by Western powers. It collapsed in 1911.
The QING or MANCHU Dynasty.

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