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Glossary of verbal workout

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abject
hopeless, extremely sad and servile, defeated
abnegate
to deny onself things, to reject, to renounce
adroit
skillful, clever, socially at ease
abstruse
hard to understand or grasp
accede
to give in, to yield, to agree
accrete
to increase by growth or addition
advent
arrival, coming, beginning
adduce
to bring forward as an example or as proof, to cite
affable
easy to talk to, friendly
affectation
unnatural or artificial behavior, usually intended to impress
allusion
an indirect reference to something else, a hint
ambience
atmosphere, mood, feeling
ambivalent
undecided, having opposing feelings simultaneously
amiable
friendly, agreeable
amorphous
shapeless, bloblike (indistinct or shapeless form or object)
ancillary
subordinate (less rank), providing assistance
animosity
resentment, hostility, ill will
antecedent
something that went before, a preceding cause or event
antipathy
firm dislike, a strong feeling of aversion
antithesis
the direct opposite
apex
highest point
aphorism
a brief, witty saying, a proverb
witty: using words in an apt, clever and amusing way
apocryphal
of dubious authenticity, fictitious
apposite
distinctly suitable, pertinent (relevant to the matter being considered)
arbiter
one who decides, a judge
arcane
mysterious, known only to a select few
archetype
an original model or type
arrant
utter, unmitigated, very bad, at the extreme point or the highest degree
astute
shrewd, keen in judgment
attrition
a gradual wearing away, weakening, or loss, a natural decrease in numbers or size
auspicious
favorable, promising
avow
to claim, to declare boldly, to admit
banal
unoriginal, ordinary
belabor
to go over repeatedly or to an absurd extent
absurd: meaningless; lacking any meaning that would give purpose to life, ludicrous; ridiculous because of being irrational, incongrous or illogical
beleaguer
to surround, to besiege, to haras
belie
to give a false impressionf of, to contradict
benign
gentle, not harmful, kind, mild
bereave
to deprive or leave desolate (alone, empty, grim), esp. through death
blithe
carefree, cheerful
callow
immature
catholic
universal, embracing everything
chagrin
humiliation, embarrassed, disappointment
choleric
hot tempered, quick to anger
circumspect
cautious
coalesce
to come together as one, to fuse (combine), to unite
coda
a passage concluding a musical composition
cognizant
fully informed, knowlegeable, aware
collusion
conspiracy, secret cooperation
commensurate
equal, proportionate
conciliatory
making peace, attempting to resolve a dispute through goodwill
consecrate
to make or declare sacred
consonant
harmonious, in agreement
consummate
perfect, complete, supremely skillful
contumely
rudness, insolence (disrespectful), arrogance
convivial
fond of partying, festive
copious
abundant, plentiful
corroborate
to confirm, to back up with evidence
coterie
a select group of close associates
countenance
face, facial expression, composure, self control
covet
to wish for enviously (want what someone else has)
cull
pick out from among many, to sellect, to collect
cursory
hasty, suerficial
daunt
to make fearful, to intimidate
debauchery
corruption by sensuality, intemperance (lacking self control), wild living
decorous
in good taste, orderly, proper
deleterious
harmful
deluge
a flood
deprecate
to express disapproval of
dilapidated
broken down, fallen into ruin
discomfit
to confuse, to disconcert, to thwart the plan of, to defeat in battle
discourse
to converse (talk), to formally discuss a subject
doggerel
comic, loose verse
egregious
extremely bad, flagrant (scandulous; very obvious and contrary to standards of conduct or morality)
elucidate
to explain, make understandable
enormity
extreme evil or wickedness
epicure
a person with refined taste in wine and food
epitome
the perfect example of something, a paradigm
equanimity
composure, calm
composure (emotional control; calm and steady control over emotions)
espouse
to suport, to advocate
evince
to show or demonstrate clearly, manifest
exhort
to urge strongly
exposition
a setting forth of meaning or intent, a discourse intended to explain
extol
to praise highly
facile
fluent, skillful in an superficial way, easy
fetter
to restrain, to hamper (make movement or progress difficult)
frivolous
not worth taking seriously, lacking in intellectual substance and not worth serious consideration, silly, trivial
foment
to stir up (cause trouble, agitate), to instigate (get something started, start trouble)
forbear
to refrain from, to abstain (to choose not to do something)
founder
to fail, to collapse, to sink
fulsome
offensively flattering or insincere, repulsive (very unpleasant)
gambit
a scheme to gain an advantage, a ploy
genial
cheerful and pleasant, friendly, helpful
gratis
free of charge
gratuitous
given freely, unjustified, unprovoked, uncalled for
apt
very appropriate
steadfast
firm and unwavering in purpose, ;oyalty or resolve; firmly fixed or constant
dubious
unsure about the outcome; possibly dishones or immoral
abolish
to put an end to something such as law
shrewd
good at judging people or situations, clever and probably accurate
absurd
meaningless, lacking any meaning that would give purpose to life
stellar
involving stars, exceptional, involving famous people
ludicrous
ridiculous because of being irrationale, incongrous or illogical
vindicated
show somebody to be blameless, justify someone or something
impervious
not responsive; remaining unmoved and unaffected by other people's opinions, arguments or suggestions; not letting something through
philanthropist
a generous humanitarian
guile
cunning, duplicity (deceptive), artfulness (cunning, skillful)
harbinger
a signal of, a forerunner (predecessor, an earlier person or thing that had a role similar to someone coming later)
hermetic
impervious to external influence, airtight
idyllic
charming in a rustic (plain and simple) way; naturally peaceful
ignominy
deep disgrace
impromptu
without preparation; on the spur of the moment
impugn
to attack as false or questionable
incandescent
brilliant, giving off heat or light
incorrigible
incapable of being reformed
indolent
lazy
indulgent
lenient (not harsh; showing tolerance or mercy in dealing with crime or misbehavior), yielding to desire
ineluctable
inescapable, unavoidable
inept
clumsy (moving, said or done awkwardly), incompetent
inexorable
relentless (persistent, ruthless, obstinate), inevitable, unavoidable
inherent
part of the essential nature of something, intrinsic
inundate
to flood, to overwhelm
itinerant
moving from place to place
judicious
excercising sound judgment
lament
to mourn
largess
liberality in giving gifts; money or gifts bestowed (donate, give); generosity of attitude
lascivious
obscene (indecent, disgusting), lewd (sexual in an offensive way)
latent
present but not visible or apparent, potential
levee
an embankment designed to prevent the flooding of a river
levity
lightness, frivolity, unseriousness
licentious
amoral, promiscuous (having many indiscriminate or casual sexual relationships)
magnate
a rich, powerful, or very successful businessperson
maudlin
tearfully sentimental, silly or weepy
nostalgia
a mixed feeling of happiness, sadness and longing when recalling a person, place or event from the past, or past in general, homesickness
maxim
a fundamental principle; an old saying
motility
spontaneous movement
noisome
offensive or disgusting, stinking
nominal
in name only, insignificant
novel
new, original
oblique
indirect; at an angle
palliate
to make less severe or intense, to make an offense seem less serious
panacea
something that cures everything
paradigm
a model or example
paradox
a true statement or phenomenon that seems to contradict itself
partisan
having a bias in support of a party, group or cause
one who supports a particular party, group or cause
patina
surface discoloration caused by age and oxidation
paucity
scarcity
perturb
to disturb greatly
piquant
pleasantly pungent or tart (having a sharp and sour but usually pleasant flavor)
placid
pleasantly calm and peacefull
plaintive
expressing sadness or sorrow
plumb
to measure the depth of someting
portent
an omen, a sign of something coming in the future
precipitous
steep (sloping very sharply, often to the extent of being almost vertical)
presage
to portend, to foreshadow, to forecast or predct
privation
lack of comforts or necessities, poverty
provincial
limited in the outlook to one's own small corner of the world, narrow
prurient
having lustful thoughts or desires, causing lust
putative
commonly accepted, supposed, reputed (generally believed)
quay
a landing on the edge of the water, wharf (landing place for ships), pier (a platform into the body of water, used as a boat dock, a place from which to fish or as an entertainment center)
queue
a line of waiting people or things
to get in line
quintessential
being the most perfect example of
rampart
a fortification (structure of defense), a bulwark (defensive wall, protection) of defense
redolent
fragrant (having a pleasant sweet smell), aromatic (having fragrant smell, giving off a distinctive and pleasant smell), suggestive or reminiscent (resembling something or somebody else, suggesting memories of past)
remonstrate
to argue against, to protest, to raise objections
remuneration
payment, recompense (give compensation)
renaissance
a rebirth or revival
replete
completely filled, abounding (plentiful, be well supplied)
reproach
to scold, ususally in disappointment, to blame, to disgrace
reprobate
a wicked, sinful, depraved (corrupted) person
reprove
to criticize mildly (gently)
respite
a period of rest or belief
ribald
characterized by vulgar, lewd humor
sagacious
wise
surreptitious
sneaky, secret
sycophant
one who sucks up to others, a servile, self seeking flatterer
taciturn
untalkative by nature
temerity
recklessness, foolhardy (bold but reckless, showing courage but not wisdom or good sense) disregard of danger
turpitude
shameful wickdness or depravity (corruption)
unalloyed
undiluted, pure
usury
lending money at an extremely high rate of interest
venal
capable of being bribed, corrupt
verdant
covered with green plants, leafy, inexperienced
vestige
a remaining bit of something, a last trace (remaining sign, tiny quantity)
vitiate
to make faulty or defective, impair, to corrupt morally, to spoil, debase
wizened
shrunken, shriveled (shrink esp from drying or aging), withered (shrivel or dry as part of the process of dying or make something esp a plant shrivel in this way
purporting
claim to be something, intend something
disdain
extreme contempt or disgust for something or someone
drape
cover something with fabric
candor
candid quality (honesty or directness)
endeavor
try hard to do something
crafty
sklled at using clever tricks to decieve people
sly
crafty, lacking honesty or straight forwardness
sinister
suggesting evil, threatening or suggesting harm
saintly
of christian saint, very virtuous
artful
wily (cunning)
artless
completely without guile, natural without artificiality
assay
to examine by trial or experiment, to evaluate or assess
baleful
sinister, ominous (threatening, something bad is going to happen)
beatify
to bless, make happy, or ascribe (giving something as cause) a virtue to, to regard as saintly
bilious
ill tempered, cranky
calumny
slander, a maliciously (deliberately harmful) false statement
carapace
a protective shell
celerity
swiftness of action or motion, speed
coeval
of the same period, coexisting
contretempts
an embarrassing occurrence, mishap (bad luck)
corrigible
capable of being set right, correctable, reparable
translucent
letting light through diffusely
diurnal
occurring every day, accurring during the day time
dulect
melodious (pleasant to hear, characterized by melody), harmonious, mellifluous (pleasant and soothing to listen to, sweet or rich in tone)
egress
exit
estimable
worthy, formidable (awe inspiring, inspiring respect or wonder because of size, strength or size)
fecund
fertile, productive
fell
to cause to fall by striking, cruel, lethal, inhumanely cruel
hirsute
hairy, shaggy (long and tangled)
hoary
gray or white with age, ancient, stale (no longer fresh)
husband
to use sparingly or economically, conserve
importune
to urge with annoying disturbance, to trouble
invidious
causing envy or resentment, offensively harmful
lachrymose
causing tears, tearful
lasstitude
exhaustion, weakness
ligneous
woodlike
limn
to draw, to outline in detail, to delineate (describe, draw something), to describe
trifling
insignificany, frivolous
incensed
to make someone extremely angry
lugubrious
exaggeratedly mournful
mellifluous
sweetly flowing, move freely from place to place
nonplus
to baffle, to bewilder, to perplex (puzzle someone, complicate something), bemuse
otiose
lazy, of no use, futile (in vain, having no practical effect or useful result)
parry
to deflect (change course) or ward of (avert something bad); to evade (cleverly escape something or somebody) or avoid
peripatetic
wandering, traveling continually
propinquity
nearness, proximity
puissant
powerful, strong
pulchritude
physical beauty
salacious
lustful, lascivious, bawdy
sententious
given to pompous moralizing, preachy, self righteous
sidereal
astral (relating to stars), constellations (group of stars forming shape)
miscellaneous
composed of varied things, each being different
whim
passing impulse, a sudden thought, idea or desire esp one based on impulse rather than reason or necessity
sinecure
a position requiring little or no work and usually providing an income
stentorian
extremely loud and powerful
succor
assistance, relief in time of distress
to give assistance in time of need
sundry
various, miscellaneous, separate
tendentious
argumentative, biased
turbid
murky (gloomy, hard to see through), unclear
tyro
novce, rank amateur
unctuous
oily both literally and figuratively, characterized by earnest insincerity
vagary
whim, unpredictable action, wild notion

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