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Glossary of spanish ch 1&2

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-ma
masculine
-or
masucline
-ion
feminine
-d & -z
feminine
el antiguo edificio
the former building
el edificion antiguo
the ancient building
una cierta respuesta
a certain answer
una respuesta cierta
a right answer
el mismo problemo
the same problem
el problema misma
the problem itself
un nuevo coche
a different car
un coche nuevo
a new car
los pobres estudiantes
the unfortunate students
los estudiantes pobres
the students who are poor
una vieja amiga
a friend of long standing
un libro viejo
an old book
yo: caer
caigo
yo: hacer
hago

to do, make
yo: poner
pongo

to put, place
yo: salir
salgo

to leave, go out
yo: traer
traigo

to bring
yo: conducir
conduzco

to drive
yo: conocer
conozco

to know
yo: desaparecer
desaparezco

to disappear
yo: obedecer
obedezco

to obey
yo: producir
produzco

to produce
yo: diriger
yo dirijo

to direct, manage
yo: escoger
escojo

to choose
yo: exigir
exijo

to demand
yo: proteger
protejo

to protect
yo: reconocer
reconozco

to recognize
yo: deshacer
deshago

to undo
yo: rehacer
rehago

to remake, redo
yo: satisfacer
satisfago

to satisfy
yo: componer
compongo

to make up
yo: valer
valgo

to be worth
yo: proponer
propongo

to propose
yo: suponer
supongo

to suppose
yo: atraer
atraigo

to attract
yo: contraer
contraigo

to contract
yo: distraer
distraigo

to distract
yo: caber
quepo

to fit
yo: dar
doy

to give
yo: decir
digo

to say
yo: venir
vengo

to come
pensar
to think

e to ie

pienso, piensas, piensa, pensamos, piensan
poder
to be able to, can

o - ue

puedo, puedes, puede, podemos, pueden
pedir
to ask for

e - i

pido, pides, pide, pedimos, piden
comenzar
e - ie

to begin
confesar
e - ie

to confess
defender
e - ie

to defend
despertar
e - ie

to wake up
divertirse
e - ie

to have fun
empezar
e - ie

to begin
encender
e - ie

to light, to turn on
entender
e - ie

to understand
negar
e - ie

to refuse
perder
e - ie

to lose
preferir
e - ie

to prefer
querer
to love, to want
referirse
e - ie

to refer
sentarse
e - ie

to sit
sentir
e - ie

to feel, to be sorry
sugerir
e - ie

to suggest
tropezar
e - ie

to trip
acordarse
o - ue

to remember
acostarse
o - ue

to go to bed
almorzar
o - ue

to have lunch
colgar
o - ue

to hang
contar
o - ue

to tell, to count
costar
o - ue

to cost
dormir
o - ue

to sleep
encontrar
o - ue

to find

encuentro, encunetras, encuentra, encontramos, encuentran
morir
o - ue

to die
mostrar
o - ue

to show
mover
o - ue

to move
probar
o - ue

to try
recordar
to remember
resolver
o - ue

to solve
soler
o - ue

to be in the habit of
sonar
o - ue

to dream
volver
o - ue

to return
despedirse
e - i

to say goodbye
impedir
e - i

to impede
reir
e - i

to laugh
repetir
e - i

to repeat
servir
e - i

to serve
sonreir
e - i

to smile
vestirse
to get dressed
soler + infinitive
actions you generally or usually do
elegir
to choose

elijo, eliges, elige, elegimos, eligen
torcer
to twist

tuerzo, tuerces, tuerce, torcemos, tuercen
corregir
to correct

corrijo, corriges, corrige, corregimos, corrigen
seguir
to follow

sigo, sigues, sigue, seguimos, siguen
incluir
to incude

incluyo, incluyes, incluye, incluimos, incluyen
conseguir
to obtain

consigo, etc
construir
to construct

construyo, etc
destruir
to destroy

destuyo, etc
influir
to influence

influyo
ser
nationality, profession, characteristics, generalizations, possession, material of composition, time date or season, where and when an event takes place
estar
location or spacial relationships, health, physical states, emotional states, weather, on going action (present progressive), results of actions (past participles)
sequir + present participle
to keep doing something
ir + present participle
more and more
andar + present participle
going around doing something, always doing something
indirect objects
me, te, le, nos, les
direct objects
me, te, lo/la, nos, los/las
afeitarse
to shave
banarse
to take a bath
cepillarse
to brush
despertarse
to wake up
dormirse
to fall asleep
ducharse
to take a shower
lavarse
to wash one's self
levantarse
to get up
maquillarse
to put on makeup
peinarse
to comb ones hair
ponerse
to put on (clothing)
secarse
to dry off
quitarse
to take off (clothing)
aburrir
to bore
aburrirse
to be bored
acordar
to agree
acordarse (de)
to remember
comer
to eat
comerse
to eat up
irse (de)
to go away (from)
llevar
to carry
llevarse
to carry away
mudar
to change
mudarse
to change residence
quitar
to take away
acercarse a
to approach
arrepentirse de
to repent of
atreverse a
to dare to
convertirse en
to become
darse cuenta de
to realize
enterarse de
to find out about
fijarse en
to take notice of
morirse de
to die of
olvidarse de
to forget about
preocuparse de
to worry about
quejarse de
to complain about
sorprenderse de
to be surprised about
disgustar
to upset
doler
to hurt, to ache
encantar
to like very much
faltar
to lack, to need
fascinar
to fascinate
importar
to be important to, to matter
molestar
to bother, to annoy
preocupar
to worry
quedar
to be left over, to fit
agobiado
overwhelmed
ansioso
anxious
deprimido
depressed
disgustado
upset
enamorado de
in love with
nervioso
nervous
preocupado por
worried about
solo
alone, lonely
tranquilo
calm
antipatico
mean, unpleasant
autoritario
authoritarian
carinoso
affectionate
cuidadoso
careful
culto
cultured
falso
insincere
gracioso
funny, unpleasant
hurano
unsociable
inseguro
insecure
inteligente
intelligent
maduro
mature
mentiroso
lying
orgulloso
proud
permisivo
permissive, easy going
seguro
sure, confident
sensato
sensible
sensible
sensitive
simpatico
nice
tacano
cheap
talentoso
talented
timido
shy
traditional
traditional
el amor (no) correspondido
(un) requited love
apreciado
to be appreicated
el carino
affection
la cita
the date
la cita a ciegas
blind date
el compromiso
commitment, responsibility
la confianza
trust, confidence
el divorcio
divorce
el marido
husband
la mujer
wife
soltero
single
la pareja
couple, partner
el sentimiento
feeling, emotion
la simpatia
congeniality
la timidez
shyness
al animo
spirit, lively
el desanimo
the state of being discouraged
atraer
to attract
coquetear
to flirt
corresponder
to return, to share
enamorarse de
to fall in love with
enrojecer
to blush
proponer matrimonio
to propose marriage
quedarse viudo
to be widowed
romper con
to break up with
salir con
to go out with
tener celos de
to be jealous of
dar el primer paso
to take the first step
estar orgulloso de
to be proud of
hacerle caso a alguien
to pay attention to someone
llevar... anos de casados
to be married for.... years
llevarse bien/mal/fatal
to get along well/badly/terribly
mantenerse en contacto
to keep in touch
pasralo bien/mal
to have a good/bad time
pasarlo fatal
to be miserale, have a bad time
ponerse pasado
to get on someone's nerves
tener verguenza de
to be ashamed of
una y carne
inserperable
contentarse con
to be content with
discutir
to argue
disimular
to hide, conceal
impresionar
to impress
parecer
to seem
preguntarse
to wonder
sentirse
to feel
sonar con
to dream about, to dream of
soportar a alguien
to put up with someone
adorar
to adore
apreciar
to be fond of
cuidar
to take care of
educar
to raise, to bring up
entenderse
to understand each other
la mirada
look, glance, gaze
tener ganas de
to want to, to have an urge to
el mismo
himself
en todo lo posible
as much as possible
el deseo
desire

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