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Glossary of sentence review III

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ostracize
exclude from society
defiance
open disobedience
undermine
erode something from base; weaken something gradually
undergird
support; support from below
submerge
to go under water
supersede
replace something less efficient
overhaul
comprehensive repair; check something for mechanical faults; revise something thoroughly; gradually overtake somebody
intersperse
break something's continuity; put here and there
enact
make something law
flattery
paying of compliments to win favor
aromatic
having a smell which is sweet or spicy (pleasant smell)
putrefaction
a smelly mass that is decomposition of organic matter
anarchist
one who believes that a formal government is unnecessary
amity
friendly relations
amiable
friendly relations
amendment
a positive change
ambivalent
undecided
ambiguous
not clear; uncertain; vague
altruistic
unselfish
perjury
the practice of lying
incompetence
failing to meet necessary requirements
alchemist
a person who studies chemistry
alleviates
to lessen or make easier
adulation
high praise
adage
an old saying now accepted as being truthful
prodigal
wasteful; lavish
disavowed
to deny; to refuse to acknowledge
abrupt
happening or ending unexpectedly
stigma
a mark of disgrace
virtuoso
highly skilled artist
uncanny
of a strange nature; weird
amalgam
a mixture or combination (often of metals)
lustrous
bright; radiant; shining
rancor
strong ill will; enmity
ostentatious
being showy
neologism
giving a new meaning to an old word
whimsical
fanciful; amusing
molten
melted
pernicious
dangerous; harmful
spurious
not genuine; false; bogus
transmutation
a changed form
ribald
vulgar joking or mocking
reprehensible
wicked; disgraceful
sinuous
full of curves; twisting and turning
pragmatic
matter-of-face; practical
inept
unable to handle job; totally inappropriate; incompetent; clumsy
qualified
experienced; restricted
ulterior
buried; concealed; undisclosed
lax
careless; irresponsible
pensive
deeply thoughtful; reflective; comtemplative
loquacious
very talkative; garrulous
autocracy
an absolute monarchy; government where one person holds power
dispassionate
lack of feeling; impartial
suave
charming in an insincere way; pleasingly dressed; effortlessly gracious
jovial
cheery; jolly; playful
waived
to give up possession or right
chagrin
distress; shame
mitigate
to alleviate; to lessen; to soothe
tarry
remain; wait; linger; to go or move slowly; to delay
saturated
to soak thoroughly; to drench
stipend
payment for work done
valor
bravery
nostalgic
longing for the past; filled with bittersweet memories
paraphernalia
equipment; accessories
innovated
to introduce a change; to depart from the old
charisma
appeal; magnetism; presence
pristine
primitive; pure; uncorrupted
malevolent
wishing evil (opposite: benevolent)
quixotic
foolishly idealistic
gloated
be smugly happy; brag; to glory over
susceptible
easily affected; easily imposed; inclined
duplicity
deception
lucrative
profitable; gainful
altruism
unselfish devotion to the welfare of others rather than self
delineated
to outline; to describe
rigor
severity
terse
concise; abrupt
assessed
to estimate the value of
rescinded
to retract; to discard; to revoke, repeal, or cancel
fulminate
to issue a strong denunciation
ominous
threatening
potable
a beverage that is drinkable
vagabond
wanderer; one without a fixed place
reiterate
to repeat
distant
having separations or being reserved
choleric
cranky; cantankerous; easily angered
sycophant
flatterer
arbitrary
based on one's preference or judgment
occult
supernatural or magic; mystical; mysterious
contrite
refretful; sorrowful
virulent
deadly; harmful; malicious
abominated
to loathe; to hate
facilitate
to make easier; to simplify
prevalent
generally occurring
pedantic
emphasizing minutiae or form in scholarship or teaching
universal
concerning everyone; existing everywhere
obliterated
destroy completely
indigenous
native to a region; inborn or innate
perpetual
never ceasing; continuous
chimera
something totally unrealistic or impractical; an impossible fancy
candid
honest; truthful; sincere
exorbitant
going beyond what is reasonable; excessive
uniform
consistent; unvaried; unchanging
ossified
to turn to bone; to harden
slandered
to defame; to maliciously misrepresent
quaint
old-fashioned; unusual; odd
destitute
poor; poverty-stricken
retract
to draw or take back
cognitive
possessing the power to think or meditate; meditative; capable of perception
brevity
briefness; shortness
paranoia
extreme and unreasonalbe suspcion of other people and their motives
paranoid
distrustful
vulgar
crude or indecent
loathe
dislike somebody or something
avow
affirm
reflective
thoughtful; able to reflect
meditate
think carefully about something; plan something; empty or concentrate mind
drench
soak somebody or something
denunciation
public condemnation
inborn
inherited from parents or possessed from birth
innate
natural; inborn
unveil
expose something secret
amid
within or among
succinct
concise, brief and to point
alacrity
cheerful promptness or speed
palpable
touchable; clear; obvious
anonymous
nameless; unidentified
baneful
deadly or causing distress, death
tentative
not confirmed; indefinite
opaque
dull; cloudy; non-transparent
garrulous
extremely talkative or wordy
derided
to laugh at with contempt; to mock
iconoclast
one who smashes revered images; an attacker of cherished beliefs
negligence
carelessness
foible
a minor weakness of character
dissonance
musical discord; a mingling of inharmonious sounds; nonmusical;disagreement; lack of harmony
hypocritical
two-faced; deceptive
pagan
polytheistic
loiter
to spend time aimlessly
recondite
hard to understand; concealed; characterized by profound scholarship
exotic
unusual; striking; foreign
dubious
doubtful; uncertain; skeptical; suspicious
livid
1. black-and-blue; discolored 2. enraged; irate
intermittent
periodic; occasional
usury
the art of lending money at illegal rates of interest
kinship
family relationship; affinity
menagerie
a place to keep or a collection of wind or strange animals
levity
silliness; lack of seriousness
rancid
having a bad odor
lassitude
a state of being tired or listless
compromised
to settle by mutual adjustment
anchorage
something that can be relied on; security
irascible
prone to anger
proverbial
well-known because it is commonly referred to
hackneyed
commonplace; trite
haggard
tired-looking; fatigued; wild and unruly in appearance
comprehensive
all-inclusive; complete; thorough
toxic
poisonous
irrational
not logical
behoove
to be appropriate, proper for somebody; to be advantageous; to be necessary
profound
deep; knowledgeable; thorough
instigate
to start; to provoke, to start trouble
converge
to move toward one point (opposite: diverge)
ignoble
shameful; dishonorable
charlatan
an impostor; fake
unobtrusive
inconspicuous; reserved
vacillation
fluctuation
cognizant
knowing about something; aware of ; perceptive
inadvertent
not on purpose; unintentional
volatile
changeable; undependable; unstable
traumatic
extreme distress; causing a violent injury
novel
new
circumlocutory
being too long, as in a description or expression; a roundabout, indirect, or ungainly way of expressing something
zephyr
a gentle wind; breeze
banal
trite, without freshness or originality
progeny
children; offspring
digress
to stray from the subject; to wander from the topic
wanton
unruly; excessive
ironic
contradictory; in consistent; sarcastic
intangible
incapable of being touched; immaterial
inert
not reacting chemically; inactive
feasible
reasonable; practical
incessant
unceasing; constant; continual
heresy
unorthodox opinion; opinion contrary to popular belief
realm
an area; sphere of activity
sporadic
rarely occurring or appearing; intermittent
abstinence
the act or process of voluntarily refraining from any action or practice; self-control; chastity
obligatory
mandatory; necessary; legally or morally binding
allusions
an indirect reference (often literary); a hint
abstemious
sparing in use of food or drink
anomaly
an oddity; inconsistency; a deviation from the norm
soliloquy
a talk one has with oneself (esp. on stage)
valid
acceptable; legal
liberalism
believing in personal freedom (favoring reform or progress)
indolent
lazy; inactive
heeds
pay attention to advice; to obey; to yield to
dogmatic
stubborn; biased; opinionated
coherent
sticking together; connected; logical; consistent
contest
to attempt to disprove or invalidate
hierarchy
a system of persons or things arranged according to rank
muse
to think or speak meditatively
illuminate
to make understandable, to clarify something; to shine light on something
rarefy
to make less dense or refined
recluse
solitary and shut off from society
relinquish
to let go; to abandon
hedonistic
pleasure-seeking
exonerate
to declare or prove blameless
plaintive
being mournful or sad
abbreviated
to shorten; to compress; to diminish
aesthetic
artistic; of beauty; sensitive to beauty
unequivocal
clear; definite
panegyric
high praise
prevaricated
to speak equivocally or evasively; to lie
diffuse
spread out; verbose (wordy); not focused
incisive
quick to understand; expressing or expressed clearly; to be acute or penetrating
pallid
sallow; colorless
tenacious
persistently holding to something
grandiose
magnificent; flamboyant
frugality
thrift; economical use or expenditure
erratic
unpredictable; irregular
disputatious
argumentative; inclined to disputes
rationalize
to offer reasons for; to account for on rational grounds
copious
full of information
caustic
burning; sarcastic; harsh
hindrance
blckage; obstacle
fatigue
mental or physical exhaustion; inability to respond to situation
ecstatic
delighted; dominated by emotion
aberrant
abnormal; straying from the normal or usual path
timorous
fearful
reciprocal
nutual; having the same relationship to each other
prudent
wise;careful;prepared
pervade
to occupy the whole of
tribute
expression of admiration
censure
to criticize or disapprove of
resplendent
dazzling and shining
trepidation
apprehension; uneasiness
impromptu
without preparation
obstinate
stubborn
germane
relevant; pertinent; related; to the point
disapprobation
disapproval
diffident
timid; lacking self-confidence
comeliness
beauty; attractiveness in appearance or behavior
affable
friendly; amiable; good-natured
painstaking
thorough; careful; precise
rhapsodize
to speak or write in a very enthusiastic maner
awry
crooked (ly); uneven (ly); wrong; askew
optimist
person who hopes for the best, sees the good side
malinger
to pretend to be ill in order to escape work
insinuate
imply something unpleasant gradually or inderectly; to work into gradually and indirectly

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