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Glossary of sat1000-marino-mission

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burgeon
"grow rapidly, bloom, flourish 萌芽, 急速成长
austere
stern and cold in appearance or manner 严峻的, 简朴的
rapport
Relationship, especially one of mutual trust or emotional affinity, 关系, 一致, 同意, 和谐
persevere
to persist in a state, enterprise, or undertaking in spite of challenges v. intr. - 坚持不懈, 固执己见, 不屈不挠 Idioms: hang in there, keep going, keep it up.
abhor
To regard with horror or loathing; detest
abscond
To leave quickly and secretly and hide oneself, often to avoid arrest or prosecution.
mollify
to soothe
guileless
frank, hoestly
animosty
hate
ambivalence
The coexistence of opposing attitudes or feelings, such as love and hate, toward a person, object, or idea.
aplomb
Self-confident assurance
aggrandizement
"cause something to seem or be greater; bigger that which makes richer or greater 增加, 夸大
impede
To retard or obstruct the progress of, 妨碍, 阻碍, 阻止
torpid
lacking in energy or vigor 麻痹的, 迟缓的 Definition: lazy, slow
Antonyms: active, energetic, lively, moving, quick
charismatic
having, exhibiting, or based on charisma (a special magnetic charm or appeal) adj. - 神赐能力的, 领袖魅力的
supple
Definition: bendable
Antonyms: hard, inflexible, rigid, stiff 易弯曲的, 柔软的
potentate
one who has the power and position to rule over others; a monarch 有权的人, 统治者, 有势力的人
Precarious
characterized by a lack or security or stability that threatens with danger Definition: tricky, doubtful
Antonyms: certain, definite, firm, safe, secure, stable, strong, sure, undoubted 不稳定的, 危险的, 不安的
Ramble
to talk or write in a long-winded, wandering fashion
Definition: talk aimlessly, endlessly
Antonyms: be direct 闲逛, 漫谈, 聊天, 漫步, 随笔
Fortitude
strength of mind that enables a person to encounter danger or adversity with courage
Definition: strength of mind; guts
Antonyms: cowardice, helplessness, weakness
n. - 刚毅, 不屈不挠, 坚毅
Arduous
hard to accomplish or achieve
Articulate
expressing oneself readily, clearly, or effectively
Forlorn
being in poor condition; miserable
Exasperated
irritated or annoyed
Redeeming
to release from blame or debt
Grievance
a cause of distress (as an unsatisfactory working condition) felt to afford reason for complaint
Abridge
to shorten in duration or extent
Absolve
to set free from an obligation or the consequences of guilt
Accentuate
accent, emphasize
Accord
to bring into agreement
Acrimonious
caustic, biting, or rancorous, especially in feeling language or manner
Acumen
keenness and depth of perception, discernment, or discrimination, esp. in practical matters; shrewdness
Addendum
a thing added; an addition
Adept
thoroughly proficient; skillful
Adeptness
thoroughly proficient; expert
Adjudicate
to act as judge
Admonish
to express warning or disapproval especially in a gentle, earnest, or solicitous manner
Adorned
to enliven or decorate as if with ornaments
Adulation
to flatter or admire excessively or slavishly
Adversary
one who contends with, opposes, or resists; opponent, rival
Adverse
acting against or in a contrary direction; hostile
Adversity
a state or condition contrary to one of well-being
Advocate
one who pleads the cause of another; specifically one who pleads the cause of another before a tribunal or judicial court
Aesthetics
a pleasing appearance or effect; beauty
Affable
being pleasant and at ease talking to others
Affectation
mannerisms, especially pretentious ones
Affirming
expressing dedication
Affront
to insult especially to the face by behavior or language
Agile
marked by a ready ability to move with a quick, easy grace
Alacrity
promptness in response; cheerful readiness
Alienate
to make unfriendly, hostile, or indifferent where attachment formerly existed
Alight
to descend from the air and come to rest
Allegiance
devotion or loyalty to a person, group, or cause
Alleviate
to make (as suffering) more bearable her sympathy alleviated his distress; ease, lessen,
Altercation
a noisy, heated, angry dispute; also a noisy controversy
Altruistic
behavior that is unselfish in its regard for or devotion to the welfare of others
Ambiguity
the quality or state of being ambiguous (doubtful or uncertain), especially in meaning
Ambivalent
simultaneous and contradictory feelings (as attraction and repulsion) toward an object, person, or action
Amiable
friendly, sociable, congenial
Amorphous
without shape or form
Anachronistic
a person or a thing that is chronologically out of place, especially one from a former age that is incongruously in the present
Analogous
showing an analogy or a likeness that permits one to draw an analogy
Anarchy
absence of government
Anecdote
a usually short narrative of an interesting, amusing, or biographical incident
Anemic
lackluster, insipid
Animated
full of movement and activity
Antagonistic
marked by or resulting from antagonism (actively expressed opposition or hostility)
Anticipating
to look forward to as certain; expect
Anticlimactic
of, relating to, or marked by anticlimax; an event (as at the end of a series) that is strikingly less important than what has preceded it
Antidote
something that relieves, prevents, or counteracts
Antiquated
old-fashioned, old or obsolete
Apathetic
having little or no interest or concern; indifferent
Appalling
inspiring horror, dismay, or disgust
Apparatus
an instrument or appliance designed for a specific operation
Arbitrarily
based on or determined by individual preference or convenience rather than by necessity or the intrinsic nature of something
Arbitrating
acting as an arbitrator (one who decides in the case of a dispute)
Archaic
characteristic of an earlier or more primitive time
Archetypal
classic example, model example
Ardently
characterized by warmth of feeling, typically expressed in eager zealous support or activity
Ardor
extreme vigor or energy intensity
Arid
excessively dry
Arrest
to bring to a stop
Ascetic
plain, stark, simple; austere in appearance, manner, or attitude (not to be confused with aesthetic, which means pleasing in appearance or effect; beauty)
Asserted
to declare forcefully
Assiduous
marked by careful unremitting attention or persistent application
Assurance
something that inspires or tends to inspire confidence
Assuredly
without a doubt; certainly
Astute
having or showing shrewdness and perspicacity
Attribute
to explain by indicating a cause
Attune
to make aware or responsive
Audacious
intrepidly daring
Augment
to make greater, more numerous, larger, or more intense
Augurs
to foretell
Auspicious
affording a favorable auspice (a favorable sign)
Authentic
worthy of acceptance or belief as conforming to or based on fact
Authoritatively
with authority, commandingly convincingly
Autonomous
existing or capable of existing independently
Aversion
a feeling of repugnance toward something with a desire to avoid or turn from it
Awestruck
filled with awe (emotion in which dread, veneration, and wonder are variously mingled)
Baffle
to defeat or check (as a person) by confusing or puzzling; disconcert
Bane
a source of harm or ruin; curse
Banish
to require by authority to leave
Barrage
a vigorous or rapid outpouring or projection of many things at once
Belie
to give a false impression of
Belligerent
inclined to or exhibiting assertiveness, hostility, or combativeness
Benefactor
one who confers a benefit, esp. one who makes a gift or bequest
Beneficiary
one who benefits from something
Benevolent
marked by or disposed to doing good
Benign
having no significant effect; harmless
Bequeathing
handing down, transmitting
Berate
to scold or condemn vehemently and at length
Bereft
deprived or robbed of possession of something
Beseech
to beg for urgently or anxiously
Bickering
to engage in a petulant or petty quarrel
Boisterous
noisily turbulent; rowdy
Bolster
to give a boost to
Botched
to foul up hopelessly; failed, spoiled
Boundless
having no boundaries; vast
Bourgeois
marked by a concern for material interests and respectability and a tendency toward mediocrity, usually used disparagingly
Braggart
a loud, arrogant boaster
Breach
infraction or violation of a law, obligation, tie, or standard
Brooding
to dwell gloomily on a subject, worrying
Buffoonery
foolish or playful behavior
Burgeoning
growing and expanding rapidly
Burrow
a hole or excavation in the ground made by an animal (such as a rabbit) for shelter and habitation
Buttress
something that supports or strengthens
Cacophony
harsh or discordant sound; dissonance
Cajole
to persuade with flattery or gentle urging, especially in the face of reluctance
Calamity
an extraordinarily grave event marked by great loss and lasting distress
Callous
feeling no sympathy for others
Camaraderie
a spirit of friendly good fellowship
Canonical
conforming to a general rule or acceptable procedure; orthodox
Cantankerous
difficult or irritating to deal with
Capacious
containing or capable of containing a great deal
Captivate
to influence and dominate by some special charm, art, or trait and with an irresistible appeal
Carnivores
any of an order (Carnivora) of typically flesh-eating mammals that includes dogs, foxes, bears, raccoons, and cats
Cartographer
one who makes maps
Castigation
to subject to severe punishment, reproof, or criticism
Cataclysmic
a momentous and violent event marked by overwhelming upheaval and demolition
Cathartic
characterized by a purification or purgation of the emotions that brings about spiritual renewal or release from tension
Cavorting
prancing
Censured
to find fault with and criticize as blameworthy (note that the word censure is similar in appearance to the word censor (footnote 733), but different in meaning)
Cerebral
of or relating to the brain or the intellect
Certitude
the state of being or feeling certain
Chagrin
disquietude or distress of mind caused by humiliation, disappointment, or failure
Charitable
of or relating to charity (generosity and helpfulness especially toward the needy)
Chasm
a marked division, separation, or difference
Cherished
to hold dear; feel or show affection for
Chide
reproach in a usually mild and constructive manner; scold
Circuitous
having a circular or winding course; roundabout, indirect
Circuitry
the components of an electric circuit
Circumlocutions
the use of an unnecessarily large number of words to express an idea
Circumscribe
to surround by or as if by a boundary
Clairvoyant
the ability to perceive matters beyond the range of ordinary perception
Clandestine
marked by held in, or conducted with secrecy
Clientele
customers, patrons
Cloying
excessively sweet or sentimental
Coalesce
to arise from the combination of distinct elements; to unite into a whole
Coerce
to compel to an act or choice
Cognizant
knowledgeable about something, especially through personal experience; mindful
Coherently
logically or aesthetically ordered or integrated
Cohort
companion, colleague
Collaborator
co-worker, colleague; a person working jointly with others, especially in an intellectual endeavor
Colloquial
characteristic of familiar and informal conversation
Collude
conspire, plot
Colossal
of a bulk, extent, power, or effect approaching the stupendous or incredible
Combativeness
marked by eagerness to fight or contend
Commodities
an economic good as in an article of commerce (something bought or sold), especially when delivered for shipment
Comparatively
considered as if in comparison to something else; relatively
Compassionately
having or showing compassion (sympathetic consciousness of others?distress, together with a desire to alleviate it)
Compatriot
fellow countryman
Compelling
demanding attention
Complacency
self-satisfaction accompanied by unawareness of actual dangers or deficiencies
Complying
to conform or adapt one抯 actions to another抯 wishes, to a rule, or to a necessity
Compromise
to adjust or settle by mutual concessions (see also footnote 802 for a different usage)
Compulsive
obsessive, habitual, or irrational behavior
Comrade
an intimate friend or associate; companion
Conception
the originating of something in the mind; idea
Conciliatory
to make compatible; reconcile
Concocted
to prepare by combining raw materials; devise
Concur
to express agreement
Condemn
to declare to be bad, wrong, or evil
Condescending
to assume an air of superiority
Condone
to pardon or overlook voluntarily; especially to treat as if trivial, harmless, or of no importance
Confiscate
to seize by or as if by authority
Conflagration
fire, especially a large disastrous fire
Confounding
baffling, frustrating
Confrontation
the clashing of forces or ideas; conflict
Congeal
to change from a fluid state to a solid state by or as if by cold
Conjecture
a conclusion deduced by surmise or guesswork
Conjure
to bring to mind
Consciousness
the quality or state of being aware especially of something within oneself
Consecrate
to make inviolable or venerable (can also mean to declare sacred)
Consensus
general agreement; unanimity
Consign
commit, especially to a final destination or fate
Constructive
promoting improvement or development
Consummate
extremely skilled and accomplished
Contemporaries
one of the same age or nearly the same age as another
Contemporary
marked by characteristics of the present period; modern
Contemptuously
with contempt, disdain
Contentious
likely to cause contention (rivalry, competition)
Contiguous
touching or connected throughout in an unbroken sequence
Contrary
a fact or condition incompatible with another; opposite
Contrite
grieving and penitent for sin or shortcoming
Conundrum
an intricate and difficult problem
Conventional
according with, sanctioned by, or based on convention (a principle or procedure accepted as true or correct); ordinary, conformist, predictable
Conviction
a strong persuasion or belief
Cordial
warmly and genially affable
Correlation
a relation existing between phenomena or things or between mathematical or statistical variables which tend to vary, be associated, or occur together in a way not expected on the basis of chance alone
Corroboration
to support with evidence or authority
Corrosive
having the power to break down or eat away at something (can also mean very sarcastic)
Corrupt
to change from good to bad in morals, manners, or actions
Cosmopolitan
having wide international sophistication
Couched
to lay (oneself) down for rest or sleep
Counteract
to make ineffective or restrain or neutralize the usually ill effects of by an opposite force
Covenant
a usually formal, solemn, and binding agreement
Covet
to wish for enviously
Craftiness
skillfulness, cleverness
Crass
having or indicating such grossness of mind as precludes delicacy and discrimination
Cryptic
having or seeming to have a hidden or ambiguous meaning
Crystallize
to cause to take a definite form
Culminate
to reach the highest or a climactic or decisive point
Culpable
guilty; meriting condemnation or blame, especially as wrong or harmful
Cultivating
fostering, furthering, encouraging
Cumulative
made up of accumulated parts
Cunning
displaying keen insight
Curtail
to make less by or as if by cutting off or away some part; shorten
Cynically
having a sneering disbelief in sincerity or integrity
Cynicism
having or showing the attitude or temper of a cynic (a faultfinding captious critic)
Daunting
something that daunts (lessens one抯 courage)
Debacle
a great disaster; fiasco
Debatable
arguable, worthy of debate or consideration
Debilitating
impairing the strength of
Debunk
to expose the sham or falseness of
Decadent
self-indulgent
Deceitful
having a tendency or disposition to deceive; not honest
Decorous
marked by propriety and good taste
Decry
to express strong disapproval of; condemn
Deduction
a conclusion reached by logic or reasoning
Default
a selection automatically used by a computer program in the absence of a choice made by the user; a course taken without an active choice
Defer
postpone, put off
Deference
in consideration of
Defiantly
full of defiance (disposition to resist, willingness to contend or fight)
Deflect
to turn from a straight course or fixed direction; bend

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