Glossary of review for Nursing 125
Other Decks By This User
- psychoactive drug use of any class or type, used alone or in combination that poses hazard to health.
- _______- a maladaptive pattern of substance use manifested by recurrent and significant adverse consequences related to respeated use of the substance.
- evidenced by a cluster of cognitive, behavioral and physiological symptoms indicating that the individual continues use of the substance despite significant substance- related problems.
- _____- the need for increased larger or more frequent doses of a substance in order to obtain the desired effects originally produced by a lower dose
- ________- the development of a reversible substance- specific syndrome caused by the recent ingestion of or exposure to a substance
- _______- the development of a substance specific maladaptive behavioral change with physiological and cognitive concomitants that is due to the cessation of or reduction in heavy and prolonged substance use.
- _______ persons sacriface their own needs for the fulfillment of others in order to achieve a sense of control.
- the narcotic antagonist __________ (revia) is used for treatment of alcohol dependence.
- _______-are the most widely used group of drugs for substitution therapy in alcohol withdrawel. Chlordiazepoxide (librium), oxazepam (serax) diazepam (valium) are the most commonly used agents. Xanax is also used
- ________meds (carbamazepine, valporic acid or gabapentin) for management of withdrawel seizures
- ______replacement therapy is required to prevent neuropathy, confusion and encephalopathy
- ______ intoxication is treatment with narcotic antagonists such as naloxone (narcan), naltrexone (revia) or nalonefene (revex)
- _____subsitution is complete in 21 days
- Substitution therapy for ________ withdrawel is with the long acting barbiturate phenobarbital (luminal)
- CNS depressant
- treatment of ____________ intoxication begins with chlordiazepoxide and progresses to haloperidol (haldol)
- ________- unable to control use
- ________- continued use of a substance
- nicotine stimulates the release of ________ from the adrenal gland
- intoxication from ________ usually occurs following consumption in excess of 250 mg
- opioids exert both a sedative and an ________ effect used for relief of pain, diarrhea, and coughing
- Substance induced hallucinations are usually ________
- one of the most commonly abused hallucinogens today is ____. physical dependence does not occur with this.
- _________- all individuals from families that harbor secrets of physical or emotional abuse, other cruelties or pathological conditions.
- the codependent person is able to achieve a sense of control only through fulfilling the needs of ______
- a __________ is confused about their own identity, home life is fraught with stress, ego boundaries are weak and behaviors are often unmeshed with those of the pathological partner.
they are people pleasurs
- Disulfiram (_______)- is the drug given to someone who abuses alcohol as a deterrent to drinking
- Certain personality traits increase a tendency toward addictive behaviors. these include:
_________, frequent depression, passivity, the inability to relax or to defer gratification and the inability to communicate effectively
- low self esteem
- alcohol exerts a __________ effect on the CNS
- Phase_____________- characterized by the use of alcohol to relieve the everyday stress and tensions of life
- Phase 1- pre-alcoholic phase
- Phase ________________- phase begins with blackouts- brief periods of amnesia that occur during or immediately following a period of drinking
- Phase 2- early alcholic phase
- Phase________________- person has lost control and physiological dependence is clearly evident. (the inability to choose whether or not to drink)
binge drinking is common
- Phase 3- the crucial phase
- Phase _____________- emotional and physical disintegration. person is intoxicated more than sober
- Phase 4- chronic phase
- use neomycin or lactoluse to reduce __________ levels
- Phenobarbital is a ________ drug
- Primary action of sedative/hypnotics is on ______tissue
You must Login or Register to add cards