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Glossary of psych mid

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Created by JeremyDkBarkin

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Biological
focuses on how genes, hormones, and nervous system interact with our environments to influence learning, personality, memory, motivation, emotions, and coping techniques
Evolutionary
Emphasizes the ways in which behavior and Mental Processes are adapted for survival
Psychodynamic
emphasizes on behavior being motivated by inner forces and conflicts about which we have little awareness or control.
Humanistic
Emphasizes on the belief that all individuals naturally strive to grow, develop, and be in control of their lives and behavior.
Behavioral
Emphasizes on each person's experiences with either reward or punishment.
Learning
operant conditioning

Cognitive
The approach that focuses on how people think, understand, and know about the world.

Mechanism through which people retrieve, store, receive, and process information.

3 Subdivisions of Brain
forebrain, midbrain, hindbrain
midbrain
automatic behaviors that integrate simple movement of sensory input.

controls the visual and auditory systems as well as eye movement.

hindbrain
automatic behaviors: controls heart rate, blood pressure, breathing, and other vital functions
Afferent
coming towards the brain
Efferent
going away from the brain
3 Distinct Functions of Neurons
Input, Processing, and Output
Erikson's Identity Crisis

A W
C


A: self-acceptance
W: Self-worth
C: Self-Concept

Coding:
Temporal
Spatial

Temporal: stimulus in terms of changes in timing of neural firing

Spatial: Stimulus in terms of distance of neurons

Scripts
a mental representation of a certain activity that a child develops quite early.
Psychology
study of behavior and mental processes
Neuropsychology
The study of the effects of brain damage on behavior and the mind
Neurotransmitters
EPSP

IPSP


EPSP: Excitatory Postsynaptic Potential
Speeds up transfer of information across the synapse

IPSP: Inhibitory Postsynaptic Potential
Slows down transfer of information across the synapse



6 Approaches to Psychology
Biological
Evolutionary
Psychodynamic
Humanistic
Behavioral
Cognitive




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