cueFlash

Glossary of psy 105 final uncw

Start Studying! Add Cards ↓

Created by meganowensxo

social influence
Ways in which a person’s behavior can be affected by other people

social cognition
Way people think about other people
social interaction
positive and negative aspects of relating to others



intrapersonal
beliefs individuals holds about his or her own abilities and characteristics
inerpersonal
way in which an individuals close partners can help or hinder that persons pursuit of the selfs goals
conformity
changing behaviors to match others
asch conformity study
7 people in a room next to last person was participant. confederate picked the incorrect line and participants conformed
factors of conformity
number of conformers
allies
public vs private answer

compliance
changing behavior at request of another
foot in the door
Compliance with a smaller request is followed by a larger request, people are likely to comply because they already agreed to the smaller one and they want to behave consistently with previous response
door in face
Larger request come 1st (usually refused), followed by 2nd more responsible request often get compliance
lowball
One commitment is made, the cost of that commitment increases (ex: buy a car, warranties, taxes, fees etc).

this is used by salesmen

that\'s not all
Makes an offer, before decision is made throw in something extra, activates norm of reciprocity.

used by salesmen

obedience
changing one\'s behavior at the order of an authority figure

milgram obedience study
how far would people go to obey authority
he thought nobody would go past 150 volts
group polarization
take more extreme positions and suggest riskier actions
social facilitation
the positive influence of others
social impairment
negative influence of others
social loafing
do not do well in groups
attitude
tendency to respond negatively or positively towards something
cognitive dissonance
discomfort when we realize our attitudes and actions do not match
festingers study
participants were engaged in very boring activity and paid to lie about it 1 or 20

1 group changed cognition
20 no dissonance


persuasion
changing someones beliefs through argument or explanation
factors influencing persuasion
source
message
target audience

central route processing
content
speaker is clear and organized
personal interest in topic, motivation

social categorization
assigning of a person you have just met based onc haracteristics in common with people you have met in the past
primacy effect
first impressions are lasting
attribution
drawing inferences about the behaviors of others
attribution theory
two kinds of explanations (internal vs. external)
– Situational attribution- decide person’s behavior was caused by temporary external factors
– Dispositional attribution- decide person’s behavior was caused by enduring personal factors



errors in atribution
fundamental attribution error-
we overestimate internal factors while judging others behavior and underestimate the situation
robber cave experiment
week 3 non competitive events did not work
stereotype threat
anxious of any situation in which behavior may confirm a stereotype
stereotype vulnerability
Effects that a person’s knowledge of another’s stereotyped opinions can have on the person’s behaviors
sternbergs theory
intimacy
passion
commitment

hippocrates thought personality..
personality related to balance of bodily fluids (blood, black bile, yellow bile, phlegm)

four main perspectives
psychodynamic
behavioral
humanistic
trait


psychodynamic
unconscious and personality
behavioral
enviroment and behavior
humanistic
life experiences/ choices and personality
trait
predict behavior based on characteristics
conscious
current awareness
preconscious
memories and information available but not currently conscious
unconscious
hidden thoughts, memories, feelings that are not easly brought to consciousness
id
Pleasure Principle)
Immediate gratification, no regard for consequences;
Completely unconscious



superego
Conscience) Morality; Pride/guilt

ego
(reality principle): deal with reality; rational, logical, mostly conscious
defense mechanisms
denail
rationalization
displacement
regression
projection
reaction formation
sublimation





When Tim’s wife is out of town, he is unable to sleep unless he leaves the bedroom light on, something he did as a child.

regression
Jesse denies his hatred for his brother Frank and claims that it is Frank who hates him.

projection
Ann smokes a pack of cigarettes a day and insists smoking is not bad for you.

denial
After receiving a failing grade on her psychology exam, Wilma comes home and yells at her roommate for not washing the dishes.

displacement
psychosexual stages
stages of personality tied to sexual development
fixation
unresolved psychosexual stage conflict
leads to personality traits and behaviors associated with that earlier stage
oral stage
first stage, id dominated
pleasure -oral activities
conflict- weaning
fixation- overeating, smoking, nail biting




anal stage
1-3 yrs ego develops
pleasure- bladder/bowel control
conflict- toilet training
fixation- expulsive vs retentive personalities


phallic
3-6 years superego develops
pleasure- genitals
conflict- sexual feelings
fixation- promiscuity \"mamas boy\"


latent stage
6- puberty
sexual feelings repressed
same sex friendships, social skills

genital stage
puberty plus
sexual feelings are consciously expressed
neo- freudians
developed competing psychoanalysis theories
jung
adler
horney
erikson



jung
- personal and collective unconscious
adler
inferiority and compensation, birth-order heory
horney
basic anxiety and neurotic personalities
erikson
social relationships across the lifespan
behaviorists
personality as a set of learned responses (habits)
locus of control
assumption that you either have or do not have control over events in life
humanistic view
emphasizes a positive, optimistic view of human nature
self actualizing tendency
striving to fufill innate capacities
self concept
image of onesef created by interactions with significant people
trait theories
descriptive terms to characterize differences among individuals
big five
openess
willingness to try new things/open to new experiences
conscientiousness
care given to organization and thoughtfulness of others, dependability
extraversion
need to be with other people
agreeableness
the emotional style
neuroticism
degree of emotional instabiity or stability
behavior genetics
study of heredity and personality
selective breeding of animals leading to predictable temperaments
interview
professional asks questions of client, structured or unstructured
inventory
questionaire with standard list of questions

direct observation
professional observes client, clincial or natural settings
rating scales, frequency count
observer effects/bias and lack of control

projection
projecting ones unacceptable thought onto others
projective tests
client interprets ambiguous stimuli

rorschach inkblot test

thematic apperception test
subjective, open to examiners interpretation
reciprocal determinism
personal, enviromental and behavioral factors interact to shape behavior
self efficacy
perception of one\'s competence in certain circumstances
rogers and self- concept
positive regard
warmth, affection, love, and respect
rogers and self concept
conditional positive regard
positive regard given when providers wishes are fufiled
rogers and self concept
unconditional positive regard
positive regard given without conditions
trait-situation interaction
specific circumstances influence trait expression
psychoanalysis
freuds theory of personality and therapy based on it

therapy focuses on unconscious memories, emotions, and thoughts that affect behavior

goal is catharsis- relsease of pent-up tension



psychopathology
the study of abnormal thoughts, feelings, behaviors
deviance
unusual behavior, against social norms
subjective discomfrot
emotional stress or pain
maladaptive
doesn\'t allow person to function or adapt to everyday life
danger
to self/others
models of abnormality
biological model
biological cause, defined symptom, and possible cures

Add Cards

You must Login or Register to add cards