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Glossary of ling 2105 vocab q 3

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Created by mhenry

forBEAR(v)/forbearance (n)
FORebear/forbear(n)
to refrain from; abstain
ancestor
forego
to do without; to forbear
forsake
to abandon; renounce; relinquish
fortuitous
accidental; occurring by chance
founder (v)
to fail; collapse; sink
fraternal
like brothers
frenetic
frantic; frenzied
frugal
economical; penny pinching
furtive
secretive, sly
futile
useless; hopeless
garrulous
talkative; chatty
gauche
unskillful; awkward; maladroit
genre
type or category, especially of art or writing
genteel
refined; polite; aristocratic
gesticulate
to make gestures
glut
surplus, an overabundance
grandiloquent
pompous; using a lot of big fancy words in an attempt to sound impressive
grandiose
absurdly exaggerated
gratuitous
given freely; unjustified; unprovoked; uncalled for
gravity
seriousness
gregarious
sociable
guile
cunning; duplicity; artfulness
hackneyed (HAK need)
overused; trite; stale
hapless
unlucky
harbinger (HAR bin jur)
a forerunner; signal of
hedonism
pursuit of pleasure as a way of life
hegemony (hi JEM uh nee)
leadership, especially of one nation over another
heresy
any belief that is strongly opposed to established beliefs
hermetic
impervious to external influence; airtight
heyday
golden age; prime
histrionic
overly dramatic; theatrical
homily (HAHM uh lee)
a sermon
homogenous
uniform; made entirely of one thing
husbandry
thrifty management of resources; livestock farming
hyperbole
an exaggeration used as a figure of speech; exaggeration
hypothetical
uncertain; unproven
iconoclast
one who attacks popular beliefs or institutions
ideology
a system of social or political ideas
idiosyncrasy
a peculiarity; an eccentricity
idyllic
charming in a rustic way; naturally peaceful
ignominy (IG nuh min ee)
deep disgrace
illicit
illegal; not permitted
immigrate
to move permanently to a new country
imminent
just about to happen
immutable
unchangeable
impartial
fair
impeccable
flawless
imperial
like an emperor/empire
impervious
not allowing anything to pass through; impenetrable
impetuous
impulsive; extremely impatient
implement
to carry out
impotent
powerless
impugn
to attack, especially attacking the truth or integrity of something
inane
silly; senseless
inaugurate
to begin officially; to induct formally into office
incandescent
brilliant; giving off heat or light
incantation
a chant
incense (in SENS)
to make very angry
incessant
unceasing
incipient (adj)
beginning; emerging
incisive (adj)
cutting right to the heart of the matter
incongruous
not harmonious; not consistent; not appropriate
incorrigible
incapable of being reformed
increment
an increase
indifferent
not caring one way or the other; apathetic
indigenous
native
indigent
poor
indignant
angry, especially as a result of something unjust or unworthy; insulted
indolent
lazy
indulgent
lenient; yielding to desire
ineffable
incapable of being expressed or described
inept
clumsy; incompetent; gauche
inert
sluggish; inactive; not reacting chemically
inexorable
relentless; inevitable; unavoidable
infamous
shamefully wicked; having an extremely bad reputation; disgraceful
infatuated
foolish; foolishly passionate
infer
to conclude; to deduce
infinitesimal
very very small
ingenuous
frank; without deception; simple; artless
inherent
part of the essential nature of something; intrinsic
injunction
a command or oder
innate
existing since birth; inborn
inordinate
excessive; unreasonable
insatiable
hard or impossible to satisfy; greedy
insidious
treacherous; sneaky
insinuate
to hint; creep in
insipid
dull; bland; banal
insolent
arrogant; insulting
insular
like an island; isolated
insurgent
a rebel
integral
essential
integrate
to combine two or more things
intractable
uncontrollable; stubborn
intransigent
uncompromising; stubborn
intrinsic
part of the essential nature of something; inherent
introspective
tending to think about oneself; examining ones feelings
inundate
to flood; to cover completely with water
invective
insulting or abusive speech
inveterate
habitual; firm in habit
irascible
easily angered or provoked; irritable
ironic
meaning the opposite of what you seem to say
irrevocable
irreversible
itinerant
moving from place to place
judicious
exercising sound judgement
juxtapose
to place side by side
kinetic
having to do with motion; lively; active
labyrinth
a maze

laconic
using few words
lament
mourn
lampoon
to satirize; mock; parody
languish
to become weak, listless, depressed
largess
generous giving of gits
latent
present but not visible or apparent
laud
to praise; applaud; extol
legacy
something handed down from the past
lethargy
sluggishness; laziness
levity
lightness; frivolity; unseriousness
libel
a written or published falsehood that injures the reputation of or defames someone
litigate
to try in court
lucid
clear
lugubrious
exaggeratedly mournful
machination (mak uh NAY shun)
scheming activity for evil purpose
magnanimous
forgiving; unresentful
malaise
feeling of depression
malfeasance
an illegal act
malignant
causing harm
malinger
to pretend to be sick to avoid during work
mandate
a command or authorizing to do something
manifest
visible; evident
manifesto
a public declaration of beliefs or principles
marshal
to arrange in order; to gather together for the purpose of doing something
matriculate
to enroll, especially at college
maudlin
silly and overly sentimental
maxim
a fundamental principle
mediate
to help settle differences
mellifluous
sweetly flowing
mendacious
lying; dishonest
mendicant
a beggar
mercurial
emotionally unpredictable; rapidly changing in mood
metamorphosis
a magical change in form
microcosm
the world in miniature
milieu
environment; surroundings
miniscule
very tiny
monolithic
massive, solid, uniform and unyielding
moribund
dying
morose
gloomy
mortify
to humiliate
munificent
very generous; lavish
myopia
nearsighted; lack of foresight
myriad
a huge number
nebulous
vague; hazy
nepotism
showing favoritism to friends or family in business or politics
nihilism
belief that there are no values or morals
nominal
in name only
nostalgia
a sentimental longing for the past
notorious
famous for something bad
novel
new; original
nuance
a subtle difference or distinction
obdurate
stubborn and insensitive
obfuscate
to dark; confuse; make confusing
oblique
indirect; at an angle
oblivion
total forgetfulness; the state of being forgotten
obscure
unknown; hard to understand; dark
obtuse
insensitive; blockheaded
officious
annoyingly eager to help or advise
onerous
burdensome; oppressive
opaque
impossible to see through; impossible to understand
opulent
luxurious
orthodox
conventional
ostensible
apparent
ostentatious
excessively conspicuous; showing off
pacify
to soothe
painstaking
extremely careful
palliate
to relieve or alleviate something without getting rid of the problem
palpable
capable of being touched; obvious
paltry
insignificant
panacea (pan uh SEE uh)
something that cures everything
paradigm
a model or example
paradox
a true statement or phenomenon that nonetheless seems to contradict itself
parochial
narrow or confined in point of view
parody
satirical imitation
parsimonious
stingy
partisan
one who supports a particular person or idea
patent
obvious
pathology
science of diseases
patronize
to treat as inferior
paucity
scarcity
peccadillo
a minor offence
pedantic
scholarly or academic (boringly)
pejorative
negative
penchant
a strong taste or liking for something
penitent
sorry; repentant; contrite
pensive
thoughtful and sad
peremptory
final; categorical; dictatorial
perennial
continual
perfidy
treachery
peripatetic
wandering; itinerant
periphery
the outside edge of something
permeate
to spread or seep through
perquisite
a privilege that goes along with a job
pertinent
relevant
perturb
to disturb greatly
peruse
to read carefully
pervade
to spread throughout
petulant
cranky; ill tempered
philistine
a smugly ignorant person with no appreciation of intellectual or artistic matters
pious
reverent or devout
pivotal
crucial
plaintive
expressing sadness or sorrow
platitude
a dull or trite remark
plebeian
common
plethora
an excess
poignant
painfully emotional; extremely moving; sharp or astute
polarize
to break up into opposing factions or groupings
polemic
a powerful argument often made to attack or refute a controversial issue
ponderous
so large as to be clumsy; massive; dull
portent
an omen
postulate (PAHS chuh lut) (n)
something accepted as true without proof
pragmatic
practical; down to earth
precept
a rule to live by
precipitate
to cause to happen abruptly

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