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Glossary of first half of greek words

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aden, aden(os)
gland
aer
air; gas
agogos (Agog-)
leading, promoting the flow, expelling
agra (agr)
a taking, catching, painful seizure
aisthesis (aisthes)
feeling, sensation, perception
aitia, (aiti)
cause
ake (ak), akme (akm)
point, tip; highest point of
akouein (akou)
to hear
akros (akr)
at the end, summit; extremeties
aktis (akt), aktinos (aktin)
ray, lisht rays for chemical effects; raylike or radiating
algos, alge(os), alges(is)
pain, sense of pain
all(os)
other, different, foreign
allel(on)
of each other
allotri(os)
strange
allach(ou)
elsewhere
ambly(s)
dulled, blunt
amni(on)
the innermost membrane enclosing the fetus
amoib(e)
change
amygdal(e)
almond; tonsil
amyl(on)
starch
aner, andr(os)
man, male; stamen of flower
angei(on)
a vessel (for blood, lymph, bile); a case
anth(ein)
to blossom; to break out, erupt
anthos, anthe(os)
flower
anthrop(os)
man, a human being
antr(on)
cave, cavity, sinus
archai(os)
ancient
arch(e)
beginning, origin, primitive
argyr(os)
silver
arteri(a)
windpipe, vessel, artery
ask(os)
a leather bag, a bladder, spore envelope
aster, astr(on)
star, pertaining to structure or origin
astragal(os)
anklebone, ball of the ankle joint
atlas, atlant(os)
a mythological demigod who supported the world on his shoulders; the first neck vertebra
aut(os)
self, by itself
aux(ein)
to increase
ba, be,
to go, walk
bas(is)
a walking, that on which one steps or stands, foundation, base
bakteri(on)
a little staff, rod; bacteria
ball(ein)
to throw, toss, put
bol(e), bol(os)
a throw
metabole
change
baros, bare(os)
weight, pressure
bary(s)
heavy
bathy(s)
deep, inner
bathos, bathe(os)
depth
bi(os)
life
bios(is)
life, a way of living
blast(os)
bud, shoot, sprout, embryonic cell
blep(ein)
to see
blephar(on)
eyelid
boul(e)
will, wish
brachi(on)
arm, upper arm; armlike process
brachy(s)
short
brady(s)
slow
branchi(a)
gills
bronch(os)
windpipe, trachea
bry(ein)
to be full, swell
chait(e)
hair
chasma, chasmat(os)
cleft, opening
cheli(os)
lip
cheir, cheir(os)
hand
chiasma, chiast(os)
chrssed, decussation
chlor(os)
green, yellowish green, yellow
chol(e)
bile, gall, bitter anger
chondr(os)
granule, cartilage
chord(e)
gut string, sinew, cord
chorei(a)
dancing, st.vitus dance
chori(on)
skin, the outermost membrane enveloping the fetus, tunic of the eyeball
chro(a), chroma, chromat(os)
surface of the body, skin, color of the skin, color
chron(os)
time
chrys(os)
gold, yellow
chy, che(ein)
to pour
chym(os), chyl(os)
something poured, juice, fluid
choan(e)
funnel
dakry(on)
tear
daktyl(os)
finger, toe
de(ein)
to tie
desm(os)
hand, bond, ligament
delt(a)
a greek letter, of triangular shape
dem(os)
country, land, people of a country
dendr(on)
tree, branched structure
derma, dermat(os)
that stripped off; skin, hide
diat(a)
life, way of living
didym(os)
twofold, twin; ond of the two testes, twin fetal monster
diplo(os) (-ploos)
folded, twofold, double
dips(a)
thirst
disk(os)
disc
dolich(os)
long
dos(is),
a giving, dose
dote(os)
to be given
drom(os)
a running, course
dynam(is)
power, active force
ech(ein), sch-, ish-,
to have, hold, hold fast, keep back, suppress
eidos, eide(os), -oid
(id- to see) that seen, form, shape, like, in the shape of
elektr(on)
amber, electricity
elytr(on)
cover, sheath, the vagina, insects' anterior wings
eme(ein), emet(os)
to vomit, vomiting
enter(on)
that within, the intestine
erg(on), ergasi(a)
work, functioning
eros, erot(os)
love, lust
erythr(os)
red
erythema, erythemat(os)
a redness (of the skin)
erysipelas
disease with red patches
ethm(os)
seive , strainer
ethnos, ethne(os)
race, nation
eury(s)
wide, broad
gala, galakt(os)
milk
gam(os)
marriage, wedlock
gamet(es), gamet(e)
husband, wife, germ or reproductive cell
gangli(on)
a mass of nerve cells; a small hard cyst or swelling
gaster, gastr(os)
belly, stomach; the bulging fleshy part of a muxcle
ge
earth
gen
to become be produced, be born
genes(is)
being produced, coming into being, origination
genos, gene(os)
breed, race, kind
gene(a)
stock, decent
geny(s)
jaw; cheek
genei(on)
chin
geron, geront(os)
old man, old person
geras, gera(os)
old age
geus(is)
taste
glauk(os)
gleaming; sea-green, greenish-blue, gray
gli(a)
glue
gloss(a), glott(a)
tongue
glyky(s), glyker(os)
sweet; sugar
gnath(os)
jaw
gno(nai)
to know, judge
gnos(is)
diagnosis
gon(e)
generation, semen, seed, offspring
goni(a)
corner, angle
gon(y), gonat(os)
knee, joint
graph(ein)
to draw, write, inscribe
gramma, grammat(os)
something drawn or written, mark, record
gymn(os)
naked
gyne, gynaik(os)
woman, pistil of a flower
gyr(os)
circle, righ, turn
haima, haimat(os)
blood
heir(ein),
to take, grasp
kathairesis
destruction
hals, hal(os)
salt
hapt(ein)
to fasten, fasten upon, attach, to grasp, seixe, tough
hape(is)
joining, juncture
haph(e)
the sense of touch
hed, hid, his, hiz
to sit, to cause to sit, to place
hedr(a)
sitting
heli(os)
sun
helix, helik(os)
something spiral-shaped, a coil, a snail
helk(os)
sore, ulcer
hemer(a)
day
he(nai)
to send going, send, let go
enema, enemat(os)
a sending in
pares(is)
a letting go, paralysis
katheter
that sent or let down, a passage of fluids
hepar, hepat(os)
liver
herpes, herpet(os)
a creeping, spreading blisters
herpet(on)
a creeping animal, especially a snake or reptile
heter(os)
other, different from
hidros, hidrot(os)
sweat, perspiration
histon, histion,
tissue, web
hod(os)
road, way, path
hol(os)
whole, entire, all
homal(os)
even, level, flat; regular
hom(os) homoi(os)
like, the same as, equal
hormon, hormon(os)
setting in morion, arousing, exciting
hyal(os)
glass
hydor, hydat(os)
water, fluid
hydrops, hydrop(os)
dropsy
hygiei(a)
health, soundness of mind or body
hygr(os)
wet, moist, fluid
hyl(e)
wood, matter
hymen, hymen(os)
skin, membrane of vagina
hyoeid(es)
like the ulipson, u-shaped, bone at the base of the tongue
hypn(os)
sleep
agrypn(os)
agre- to hunt for, hypnos= sleepless, wakeful
hypsi
on high, aloft
hypsos, hypse(os)
height
hyster(a)
womb, uterus
ia(esthai)
to heal
iatr(os)
one who heals, physician
iatrei(a)
healing, treatment
ichthys
fish
idi(os)
one's own, peculiar
ikteros
jaundice
iris, irid(os)
the rainbow, colored membrane of the eye
is, in(os)
strength, muscle, fiber, tissue
ischi(on)
hip-joint, hip
is(os)
equal
isthm(os)
a narrow neck or passage
kain(os)
new
kainot(es)
newness, novelty
kak(os)
bad, disordered, abnormal
kal(l)os
beautiful
kalyx, kalyk(os)
covering, shell,circle of sepals of a flower,
kamptos, kampyl(os)
bent
kardi(a)
heart
kerkin(os)
crab; cancer
karp(os)
fruit, seed
kary(on)
nut, kernel, nucleus
kathars(is)
a cleansing, emptying
kaus(os), kaum(a)
burning heat
kaust(os), kaur(os)
burnt
kauteri(on)
searing-iron
kel(e)
tumor, hernia
ken(os)
empty
kenos(is)
an emptying
kente(ein)
to goad, prick
kentr(on)
sharp point, center,
-centesis,
perforation, surgical puncturing
kephal(e),
head
enkephal(on)
that within the head, the brain)
keras, kerat(os)
horn, horny tissue, cornea
kine(ein)
to move
kirrh(os)
tawny, orange, yellow
klaein
to break, destroy
klad(os), klasma, klasmat(os), kl(on)
that which is broken off, a piece, branch or twig, a sprout
klei(ein)
to sheathe, close
kleist(os)
closed
kleis, kleid(os)
a means of closing, a bar, a key; the clavicle.
kleitoris
the clitoris
klin(ein)
to bend, turn, slope, make recline, lean, liedown
klis(is)
inclination
klinik(os)
pertaining to bed; clinic
klon(os)
confused motion, turmoil, muscular spasm
klysein, klyd- klys-
to wash, wash out
klili(a)
cavity
koil(os)
hollow
klilom(a)
a hollow cavity, body cavity
koin(os)
common
kokkos
berry, grain, seed, berry-shaped bacteria
kole(os)
sheath, the vagina
koll(a)
glue
kol(on)
colon
kolp(os)
swollen out, bosom, vagina
koma, komatos
deep sleep, coma
kome
hair
konch(e)
mussel, chell
kondyl(os)
knuckle, joint
konis, koni(os)
dust
kon(os)
pine cone, cone
kopr(os)
dung
kore
maiden, doll, pupil (of the eye)
kotyl(e)
something hollow, socket, cup, a first leaf of a sporophyte
krani(on)
cranium, skull
kras(is)
a mixing, mixture, temperament
kreas, kreat(os)
flesh, muscle tissue
keine(in)
to separate, distinguish, decide, emit, secrete
krisis
point of decision
krot(os)
a striking, beat, pulse-beat
krotes(is)
a knocking, clapping

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