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social studies
people who know people.
4 yo understand people die.
study of human beings in their environment
concepts and skills needed to become social beings


why social studies?
to make sense of world
become productive and happy in society
support to become self-directed adults.

relevant to children
self first
family
community

toddler social studies
self
who am i
physical features
eyes mouth nose
my body your body
i have a name
who is this
describe child or item






four year old socials
family
community
who is my family?
what is my home?
detailed body parts eg: chin
name on art
who was that?





arrange science learning opps
make list of times and places where science happens.
set up displays to attract attention.
find science in menus
keep displays simple
highlight items
include sense of humour
be ready
take excursions
listen, then question







terrarium
decide on container
decide on necessary tools (planting equipment, mister etc.)
arrange field trip to greenhouse pick up plants and soil/water conditions/ gravel and charcoal
assemble terrarium
talk about plants needs.



value nature
save paper, water and energy, food.
avoid throwing things away reuse
help understand where garbage goes.
emphasize repair and maintenance skills
recycle
help recognize pollution and understand how it damages. examin water etc.
value and protect environments..plant flowers rather than pick





chameleon
add to terrarium
doesn't need water dish, it gets from water from plants. eat live insects and grubs.
warm sunny spot
time to get used to home




broad areas of social studies
home and family
living at school
social processes and problems
health and safety


home and family
food
clothing
relationships
pets
shelter
composition and size




living at school
self concept
group values
responsibilities
concern for others
relationships
expressing feelings
rules and regulations
pets






social processes and problems
transportation
communication
recreation
conservation
ecology
purchasing, trading
government





health and safety
sanitation
safety
rest and relaxation
nutrition
care of body (doctors etc)



social studies for preschool
celebrations
family
self concept

celebrations
harvest festivals
halloween
hanukkah (festival of light jewish)
candles lit each night in menorah
candle known as shamash lit every night.. on first night, two second and so on unitl 9 in menorah.

christmas







family
group of people who may live together
family group may change
members are special alike and different
family is like some families but different from others
each family has beginning and way of life
boys and girls in same family called brothers and sisters




self concept
no one just like me
special name given to me when i was born
no one has avoice like mine
i have feelings
no one can know how i feel unless i tell them or show them
birthday
share materials equipment and attention of teacher and be safe at school
learn appropriate ways to show my feelings






community
community is the neighbourhood where you live work and play
people in community have different jobs
different races and nationalities
society made of diff cultures and lifestyles
every school is located in community
eveery community has members who care about children
every community filled with people with talents hobbies and resources





why social studies
to familiarize children with society they live in. social skills to be with people and become social beings. understanding of world. how we fit into the world. understand self, emotions and responses.
teaching for tomorrow. values and attitudes to make sense of world they're in productive and happy.
four areas of socials
self, family, community, diversity
teaching peace
interacting with others, assisting with problem solving, using the words
how to teach peace
disposition/attitude in classroom
relies on or supports trust consideration respect
modelling.
safety -feelings - hurt
safe spaces
ok to have disagreements. ok to be different. yelling trained to talking. self regulation comes at 41/2. child as individual.. how short is fuse? how long is yelling? support child to help other child




rules with conflict
using words to settle conflicts.. what is it you want to say..
rules of conflict
using words to settle conflicts.. what is it you want to say.. tell them..
understand power of words..support to use different words and translate. understanding consequences negotiation.

b) don't hurt anybody..gentle touches..no spitting. humour ok if fall not always funny.. no sarcasm. different cries.






teachers role teaching peace
support and create place for problem solving and social pushes and puls support negotiation
-don't have to solve their problems "what can you do then?"
-help children to express emotions at ability level. hitting not ok
-accepting and celebrating differences. diversity conversation vs. shutting down


DAP
developmentally appropriate

here now, relevant, concrete to abstract etc.

how children learn
through senses
through exploring and experimenting at own pace
by doing
interested




environment as third teacher
observe interests abilites and understanding. create experiences to support to explore, intent not tight control, flexibility.
build on what child knows
begin with child's elvel
learning supported
teacher intervenes to offer info, question to ponder, comment to provoke further thinking
coach and invite exploration not to test or frustrate.


learning styles
auditory, visual, kenesthetic, social learners,
why teach math science and socials?
SUPPORT TO EXPLORE AND LEARN ABOUT INTERESTS IN WORLD
help become responsible inhabitants
support them to become responsible citizens of society
make sense of world
environment





sciencing
process of gathering knowledge. ability to learn how.
processing skills
observing
comparing
classifying
communicating
inferring
predicting
measuring
patterning
recording
generalizing








observing
children learn to examin objects using senses
comparing
compare likenesses and differences among objects and ideas
classifying
sorting group of objects on a property or dimension. they decide
name a group or say how they are alike
sort by something that doesn't belong

communicating
using words to tell what have observed etc.. write out explain happening
inferring
when obs. of an event or object are limited children should learn to associate prev. exp. to limited observation to discover new info. about the event or object involves risk taking
predicting
guess what will happen using existing data pattern eetc. suggest non-observed or future outcomes
measuring
children are involved in using standard and non-standard units of measure.
patterning:
recognizing duplicating or creating regular occurence of word, materials or events to establish predictability
recording
either dictate or write down what observe
generalizing
inferring a general rule from particular facts or past experiences.
goop
1 cornstarch 1 water
mix slowly, slightly tough to move hands through
slowly add water
when to involve children? processing skills? how does it feel.. what happens when you apply pressure or stop. what happens when you slap it?




color recipe
clear plastic beakers, small plastic containers, food colour, large beaker of water, colour paddles, eye droppers/small spoons, paper coffee filters, large bucket.
place food color in beaker and add water. take eye droppers and add diff colours to the clear plastic jars.
when premix primary colours consider strength of each primary color. yellow may need more

process questions for workshop
learning concepts? learning context? learning framework? critical thinking process, how can you support? before/during/after at what point can children be involved or just watching? how can you involve children? how can you support to revisit predictions?
bubbles
1 cup of glycerine
1/3 cup of water
1-2 tbsp liq. detergent
mix into bowl use diff wands etc.
are bubbles always sphere? use straws to make bubbles in a pan. use metal containers and pour into there..



magnets
magnets and items to try and pick up
chart paper and pen
variety or items to try and pick up
container for sorting
create chart etc.





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