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Glossary of dgsdgs

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Risk society
- Defined by Ullrich Beck about how in modernized societies where we are technologically driven we take risks as a given because of our desire to consume

- We have a desire to consume in rich societies which results in the creation of risks and hazards

- Since we are rich we treat these hazards with high ambivalence because we don't physically face the consequences

- To deal with the consequences we use ecological modernization where we use technicians to find technological solutions to our problems and organized irresponsibility where we ignore the consequences and they magnify





Reflexive modernity
- An institutionalized activity or state of mind that involves people from highly developed societies where there is reflection using a cost benefit analysis on risks to see whether they objectively exist or not

- It creates an opportunity for rapid expansion of democracy by opening space because it involves consideration of risks at a global level which leads to international cooperation and the creation of new concepts to manage risk

Militant particularism
- Politics is embedded in structures of feeling particular so we demand changes for us personally.

- Militant particularism is a way to satisfy everyone in politics because it refers to people fighting their own unique place based struggles

- When these individual struggles are properly brought together, general interest can be preserved and advanced so that each individuals goals are achieved and our differences are allowed to flourish



Cultural amnesia
- Making a claim that the presense of empire makes positive changes to the world

- It is thought of as good while ignoring violence and subjugating people

- The reason why it is thought of as good is because of reasoning that if they didn't establish colonialism, certain cultures would remain degraded in worse off conditions, but this thought ends up degrading cultures as the other



Ethnoscience
- Refers to the system of beliefs, values, methods and objects of a specific culture

- In western ethnoscience when we speak of science we are speaking of a particular thing

- We must think of how certain ways of thinking about knowledge become the dominant way of thinking about knowledge

- Because western ethnosicence has been used to rationalize oppressive imperialism and colonialism which is important it shows a connection between knowledge and power





Situated knowledge
- Refers to the ways in which knowledge and belief systems are produced and maintained so that they are coherent with dominant worldviews

- Circumstances determine the means of knowledge production and the kinds of knowledge produced because all knowledge is produced by actors who are situated in particular historical and geographic circumstances

- It also shoes the connection of how powerful people give out the knowledge that most know, which is important for progressive change in reducing forms of oppression



Orientalismm
- Is a framework for understanding people dissimilar to yourself

- Orientalism is an archive established from the initial periods of contact with others by Europeans and we continue to use it to make sense of the unknown

- When we think about people as the other it creates a hierarchical structure

- The habits of the other are seen as inferior by comparison of how the west sees themselves





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