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Glossary of constipation 2

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Created by conorb3

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Methylcellulose
4-6g
1-1.5g for kids
12-72 hours onset
no systemic absorption


malt soup extract
12-64g
6-32mL (1mo-2yo)
12-72 hour onset

partially hydrolyzed guar gum
1-6g
12-72 h onset
Not systemic

Polycarbophil
1-6g adults;
.5-1.5g 2-6yo
1.5-3g 6-12yo
12-72 h onset
not systemic



plantago seeds
bulk forming
2.5-30g adult
1.25-15g >6yo
12-72 h onset
not systemic



Docusate calcium/sodium
Emollient
50-360mg adult
20-50mg 2yo
24-72 h onset
systemic



Mineral Oil
lubricant
14-45mL
10-15mL >6yo
6-8 h onset
mildly systemic



magnesium citrate
Saline (liq)
150-300mL
2-4mL/kg

Magnesium hydroxide
Saline liquid
30-60mL
.5mL/kg per dose

magnesium sulfate
10-30g
magnesium sulfate 2
solid saline
10-30g adult
2.5-5g 2-6yo
5-10g >6yo




dibasic sodium phosphate
saline
1.9-3.8g
.25 adult dose 5-10yo
onset .5-3h
systemic



monobasic sodium phosphate
solid saline
8.3-16.6g adult
.25 adult dose 5-10yo
.5-3h onset
systemic



sodium biphosphate
solid saline
9.6-19.2g
.5 adult dose 5-10yo
.5-3h onset
systemic



glycerin
hyperosmotic
3g or 5-15mL adult
1-1.5g

polyethylene glycol 3350
Hyperosmotic
17g in 8oz water
24-72h onset
some systemic


senna
Stimulant
187-384mg adult
6-10h onset
systemic


bisacodyl
stimulant (diphenylmethane)
10-30mg adult
5-10mg 6-11yo
10mg >11yo
6-10 h onset
systemic




castor oil
15-60mL adult
1-5mL (2yo)
5-15mL (2-11yo)
2-6yo
systemic



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