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Glossary of civil war

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Created by wohelogirl08

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rank above colenel
general
list rankings of comittioned officers
president, secratart, general, colenel, major, captain, lutenaints
list ranking of non comissioned offisers
seirgents, corpral, private
incharge of squat and number of men
corpral, or a sargent if squats are sombined(2-3)

men:15-25

incharge of company and number of men
1st leitenaint or captain

men: 100

incharge of regiment and number of men
colenel

men:1000



incharge of brigade and number of men
gereral or several colenels

men:3,500

incharge of division and number of men
generals

men:10,000

incharge of corps and number of men
general

men:20,000

incharge of Army and number of men
Genral

men: unlimiten

USA vs CSA
USA- army of the

CSA- army of

salute a
commitioned officer
don't salute a
non commitioned officer
highest ranked commitioned offcer that enters war
captain
Abolitionist
A person who believe in the abolishment or abolition of Negro slavery.
Battle
Large-scale combat between two armed forces (skirmishes and engagements are smalled scaled and briefer)
Confederacy (CSA)
The alliance of 11 Southern states to form the Confederate States of America.
Secede (Secesh)
To withdraw from the Union, 11 Southern states did in 1860-1861) During the war, Southerners were frequently called "secesh" by Northerners
Union
The collection of 2 Northern states which fought the rebellious Confederacy during the Civil War. Allso called the United States of America.
Flanks
The sides of an armies battle lines
Casualty
A person killed, wounded, captured, or missing during the war.
Deploy
To spread out armies to create a battle line.
Drill
The process of instructing recruits how to march and practice the military arts as a unit.
Infantry
Foot Soldiers marching together
Ironcla
A ship covered in iron plates and used in the Civil War
Sutler
Dry goods salesmen who traveled with the northern armies.
Emancipation
The formal release of slaves from bondage.
Rations
Military name for food.
Salt Prot
Most common meal ration during the war (along with hardtack and coffee) Pork was salted to preserve it.
Rifled Musket
Standard infantry weapon used in teh war.
Dysentery
A fatal disease of the human intestines.
Zouave
Soldiers in colorful uniforms who specialized in precision drilling.
Yank
Term for soldiers who fought for the Union (The Blue, Federals, Billy Yank)
Rebel
Term used for the Confederate (Southern) states, (Butternut, Grayback, Johnny Reb)
rank
Military leadership in order of importance (Commander-in-chief, General of the army, Lt. General, Major General, Brigadier General, Colonel, Major, Captain, Lieutenant, 1st Sergeant, Sergeant, Corporal, Private.)
Dixie
Slang term for the confederacy (also a popular Southern song)
Recruit
A person who has just signed up to be a soldier with no battle experience.
Cartridge Box
A leather box soldiers use to carry rounds, or bullets
Minnie Ball
Standard rifle bullet used in the war.
Calvary
Soldiers on horse-back fighting for a unit.
Draft
The selection of citizens for mandatory, or military service. (Conscription)
Forage
Soldiers searching for food.
Haversack
Cloth bag soldiers used to carry rations and food.
Torpedo
Civil War term for an underwater mine that exploded.
Tactics
Maneuvering troops on a battlefield.
Strategy
Military command to an overall plan of war. (How and where to deploy troops, etc.)
Battery
A unit of four-six cannons.
Artillery
Large, powerful weapons, suchs as cannons or mortars.
Blockade
The closing off of a city or other area to traffic and communication.
Contraband
Goods illegally traded during wartime. (Slaves were sometimes called contraband)
Copperhead
A Northern Democrat who agreed with southern secession.
Envelopment
An attack against the flanks of an army.
Picket
One or more soldiers responsible for guard duty.
Assassination
Murder
Greenback
Paper money used during the Civil War in the North

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