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Glossary of chinese vocab semester 1

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ālābóyǔ
Arabic language
Àodàlìyà
Australian
Àodàlìyàrén
Australian person
eight
ba
modal particle
bàn
half
bāo
packet
běi
north(ern)
pen
bǐshùn
stroke order
bīngjīlíng
icecream
bīngxīlín
icecream
bóshì
Dr(PhD)
bù gǎn xìnqù
not be/feel interested
bù nán
not difficult
bù / bú
not - with adjectives and verbs
cháng
long - distance or time
chànggēr
sing
Cháoxiǎn
Korea
Cháoxiǎnyǔ
Korean language
chéng
multiplied by
chī fàn
eat
chī zǎofàn
eat breakfast
chūshēng
be born
chú
divided by
cídài
audio-tape
cōngmíng
clever, capable
cóng
from
cuò
a mistake
cuòle
(have) made a mistake
dǎqiú
play a ballgame
dàjiā
big, large, old
Dànián
a given name
dàxué
university
dāngrán
naturally, of course
dào
arrive (in, at), the 'way'
obtain #
Déguó
Germany
Déguó cài
German food
Déyǔ
German language
de
possesive particle
de shíhou
when
děngyú
equal, be equivalent to
ordinal number prefix
diǎn
decimal point #
diànnǎo
computer science, computer
diànnǎofáng
computer room
dōu
all., both #
duì
that’s correct
duì … bù gǎn xìnqù
not be/feel interested
duì … gǎn xìngqù
be/feel interested
duìbuqǐ
I'm sorry
duìmiàn
opposite
duō
more # how…?
duō cháng
how long?
duō dà
how big?
duō jiǔ le
how long already?
duō kuān
how wide?
duō shēn
how deep?
duō yuǎn
how far?
duō zhòng
how heavy?
duōshao
how much?
Éyǔ
Russian language
ěrjī
headphone
èr
two
èr céng, èr lóu
Level 2
Fǎguó
France
Fǎguó cài
French food
fǎlù
law
Fǎwén
French language
Fǎyǔ
French language
fángjiān
room
Fěijì
Fiji
gǎitiān
some other time, another day
gǎn
feel
gǎn xìngqù
be/feel interested
gāng
just (recently)
gāoxìng
delighted, pleased, happy
gàosu
tell
gěi
give, for, to
gēn
with #
gōngchéng
engineering
gōngyòng diànhuà
public telephone
gōnzuò
work
guā húzi
shave
Guǎngdōnghuà
Cantonese
guì
expensive, an honorific
guójiā
country , nation
Guóyǔ
Chinese language
guò mǎlù
cross road
-guo
verb suffix indicating experience
hái
still
Hànyǔ
Chinese language
Hànzì
Chinese character
hǎo
good, well
hǎo wa
what a good idea
… hào
No.
and
hěn
very
hòumiàn
behind
Huáyǔ
Chinese language
huàzhuāng
put on make up
huānyíng
welcome, Welcome
huí
return #
huítóu jiàn
see you later
huì
have/know a skill, know how to do s.t.
jiā
add #
Jiānádà
Canada
jiǎn
subtract
jiàn
see #, perceive
jiāo
teach
jiāoliú
exchange - usually ideas
jiào
be called
jiàoshì
classroom
jiàotáng
church
jiàoyù
education
jièshào
introduce
jīntiān
today
jìn
enter #
jiǔ
nine, a long time, a length of time
jiǔyǎng
very pleased to meet you
jiù … le
will be
jiùshì
that’s so, yes
júzi
mandarin, orange
kàn bào
read the paper
kàn diànshì
watch tv
kàn diànyǐng
see a film, movie
kàn lùxiàng
watch a video
kànshū
read
kēmù
subject
kěshì
but, however
kěyǐ
can, be possible, may (do s.t.)
class, lesson
kǒuyǔ
colloquial speech
kuài
(be) fast #
kǎo
sit for an exam
kuàijì
accountancy, accountant
kuān
wide
kuàngquánshuǐ
mineral water
lā guānxì
set up a relationship to get favours
lái
come #
lǎoshī
teacher, term of respect
… le
sentence particle - new situation
pear
Líbānèn cài
Lebanese food
common surname
Lǐ lǎoshī
a teacher named Lee
lǐgōng dàxué
University of Technology
lǐkē
Science disciplines
lìshǐ
history
liànxí
practice, practise
liǎng
two
líng
zero
liúxuéshēng
overseas student
liù
six
lùxiàngjī
video player
lùyīnjī
tape recorder
Mǎláixīyà or Mǎlèixīyà
Malaysia
ma
a yes/no question
mǎile
have bought
màn
slow
máng
busy
mángguǒ
mango
máodùn fēnxīxué
conflict resolution studies
méi(yǒu) xuéguo
(have) never learnt
méiyǒu
have not, not have
Měiguó
America, U.S.A
men
plural suffix, usually for pronouns
míngnián
next year
míngtiān
tomorrow
míngzi
name
nà, nèi
that
nǎ + measure word
which?
nǎr
where
Nán Měizhōu
South America
nán
(be) difficult
nán bù nán
is it difficult
nán cèsuǒ
mens toilets
ne
a modal particle
...ne?
and what about … ?
you
nǐ hǎo
good day! Hello
nǐ ne
and you?
nǐde
your, yours
nǐmen
you plural
nián
year, period of time
niàn
study #
nín
you polite
nín guì xìng
what's your surname
nǔ cèsuǒ
female toilet
nǔshì
Ms
pángbiān
side (of), next to
… pángbiān(r)
beside…
péngyǒu
friend
piányi
(be) cheap, inexpensive
píngguǒ
apple
Pǔtōnghuà
Modern Standard Chinese
seven
qìchē
car
qìchēzhàn
bus stop
qīshuǐr
soft drink
qiánmiàn
in front, straight ahead
qiǎokèlì
chocolate
qīngchu
(be) clear
qǐng…
please (do some action)
qǐngwèn…
excuse me, could you tell me
go (to)
rènshi
to be acquainted, recognize
Rìběn
Japan
Rìběn cài
Japanese food
róngyì
(be) easy
sān
three
sānmíngzhì
sandwhich
shāngyè guǎnlǐ
business mangement
shàng cèsuǒ
go to the toilet
Shànghǎihuà
Shanghai dialect
shàngkè
attend a class
shèhuìxuè
sociology
shéi, shuí
who
shēn
deep - physically, in abstract sense
shénme
what
shēngtài
ecology
shēngtàixué
ecology - as a field of study
shì
be
shí
ten
shí-èr
twelve
shí-yī
eleven
shítáng
canteen
shìr
a matter
shuāyá
brush one's teeth
shuōhuà
speak, speech
shū
book
shūbāo
bag (for books), satchel
shūtóu
comb one's hair
shǔ
count
shùr
number(s)
shùxué
mathematics
four
suàn
calculate
suíbiàn
as one pleases, casually
suì
year - unit of age
he, him, she, her, it
tāmen
they
tài hǎo le
wonderful, great, that's good
tàitài
Mrs (with husbands surname)
Tàiyǔ
Thai language
tán liàn ài
court - as in romance
tánhuà
chat
tiàowǔ
dance
tīng
listen

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