Glossary of child syc final 9-10

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Piaget's preoperation stage spans from __ to __ yrs
2 to 7
childrens make believe play with others is known as?
sociodramatic play
piaget disscussed things that kids could not do such as their inability to ___ and ___
conserve and sentrate
the understanding that certain physical characteristics of objects remains the same even with their outward appearance changes
the tendency to focus on one aspect of a situation neglecting other important features
piagets preoperational stage dealt with what kids cant do, and prelogic. as well as what 3 things?
egocentric- thinking is from one perspective.

perception bound- what they see is what they believe

cant conserve- to get out of this stage is the conservation of volume

the organization of objects into classes and subclasses on the basis of similarities and differences
hierarchical classification
syncretic reasoning vs transduction reasoning
syncretic reasoning: problems in maintaining a set of standards, focus on color of the toy instead of type of toy (birds in sky, all things in sky r birds"

transductive: 1 event to another event (People who eat spaghetti become Italian, I eat spaghetti,Therefore, I will become Italian)

viagotsky's social culture theory deals with__?
this type of speech is when kids talk to themselves, directing own attention to help the thinking process
inner speech
this type of speech is when a child realizes their thinking is different from other peoples
private speech
self directed speech that children use to plan and guide their own behavior
private speech
the idea of discovery learning was promoted by __ and ___
vigotsky and piaget
vigostky founded which type of learning?
the principle stating that the last # in a counting sequence indicates the quantity of items in the set
cardinality principle
feature of social interaction that promotes the transfer of cognitive process to children
the ability to tell stimulus is the same as or similar to one they have seen b4
remembering in the absence of perceptual support, much poorer in children there cognitive
the two types of play
nonsocial and social
reinforcement for good behavior in the form of approval affection and other rewards, but is not enough for children to acquire moral responses
operant conditioning
3 alternatives to punishment

taking (setting up communication)

removal of privileges (tv,toys,etc)

what % of programs contains violent acts?
two types of aggression are?
instrumental and hostile
___ aggression is when a child aims at obtaining an object, privilege or space with no deliberate intent to harm another person
__ aggression is intended to harm another person
3 types of hostile aggression include?
physical, verbal and relational
__aggression harms others through physical injury- pushing kicking punching or destroying other property
physical aggression
___ aggression harms others through threats of physical aggression, name-calling or hostile training
___ aggression damages anothers peer relationships through social exclusion, gossip, or friendship manipulation
in child programs ___ violent acts are committed per hr
4 types of child rearing styles?
authoritive, authoritarian, permissive, and uninvolved
this type of child rearing style is the most effective, it involves high acceptance and involvement, adaptive control techniques, and appropriate autonomy granting
this type of child rearing style is (old school) low in acceptance and involvment, high in coercive control, and low in autonomy granting. these children are low in self esteem, get frustrated with anger, and are dependent
this type of child rearing is warm and excepting, but uninvolved. parents make little effort to control their children's behavior. the child will become rebellious, disobedient, demanding and dependent on adults
this type of child rearing style combines low acceptance and involvement with control and general indifference to autonomy granting. parents are depressed and ditached and have little time and energy for their children

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