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Glossary of anatomy quiz 1

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Created by slightlydramatic@gmail.com

what makes a hypothesis valid
testable and able to be proven false with evidence
scientific fact
information independently verified
scientific law
description of the way something behaves
scientific theory
summary of conclusions drawn from observable facts
reductionism
complex system can be understood by its smaller components
organ systems of humans (11)
integumentary
cardiovascular
digestive
reproductive
muscular
endocrine
lymphatic
respiratory
urinary
skeletal
nervous









responsiveness (definition)
ability of organisms to react to stimuli(changes in the environment)
placebo effect
believe something will happen, it will
psychosomatic
caused by stress
evolution
change in genetic composition of population
natural selection
some individuals within a species have hereditary advantages over their competitors
adaptation
individual change
homeostasis
keeping the body in balance
cat scan
low intensity x ray. slice type image
mri
soft tissue, electrical magnet
sonography
hi frequency sound ways echo back from internal organs. ultrasound
pet scan
assess metabolic state
xrays
opaque, dense tissue remains white
anabolism
builds up
catabolism
breaks down
palpation
touch
auscultation
hearing
percussion
beat, tapping
histology
study of tissues
what percent of population is depicted in anatomy text books
70 percent or more
parts of an organism (sm-lg)
atom, molecule, macro molecule, cell, tissue, organ, system, organsim
supinated
palms facing up
pronated
palms down
dorsal/posterior
back
ventral/anterior
front
cephallic
towards head
roscuro
in front of, towards forehead or nose
superior
up high
inferior
down low
proximal
closest to point of attachment
distal
farthest from point of attachment
axial region
head neck and trunk (center)
thoracic
above diaphragm
abdominal
below diaphragm
abduction
move away from middle
adduction
move towards middle
flexion
contract muscle, decrease angle at joint
extension
relaxing muscle, increasing angle

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