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Glossary of african art exam 2

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Bamana people
South Central Mali. 16th century to present.
term: nyama
a spiritual force, like baraka, believed to be wielded by craftsmen to help benefit the community.
Gwan figures
Bamana. 15th-21st century.
Jo figures
Bamana. 19th century.
Ntomo Society Masks
Bamana. 19th-20th centuries.
Ci Wara society masks
Bamana, 19th-20th centuries.
term: Komo
Another Bamana society; the most advanced and powerful and secretive. A judiciary society ruled mainly by blacksmiths.
Boli figures
Bamana. Before 1931.
term: bogolan
A distinct cloth made by the Bamana. Black-brown color against cream-white color, covered in geometric designs and forms that are protective. Worn to protect women during excision practices.
Dogon people
Southwestern Mali, 16th century to present.
term: ginna
Ancestral shrines with elaborate facades; head of farming lineage would care for this shrine. Lots of little niches for offerings.
term: toguna
"Men's house of words." Wallless, low-ceiling building where the men would meet and debate issues and politics, like a city hall.
Standing Figure with Raised Arms
Dogon. 16th-20th century.
Seated Couple
Dogon. 16th-19th century.
Awa society Dama ceremony masks
Dogon.
Senufo people
Northern Ivory Coast, Mali, Burkina Faso. Gur speakers, like the Dogon.
Champion Cultivator's Staff
Senufo. 1900.
Ancient Mother
Senufo. Early 20th century.
"Beautiful Lady" mask
Senufo. 20th century.
term: kpaala.
Meeting houses in Senufo villages, similar to toguna, representing the Poro society.
Shrine Door
Senufo. 20th century.
Mossi people
Burkina Faso. Gur speakers.
Mask with surmounted figure
Mossi. 20th century.
Bwa people
Burkina Faso. Gur speakers.
Do Grass Masquerade
Bwa. 20th century
Animal Spirit Masquerade
Bwa. 20th century,
Nankani people
Burkina Faso and northern Ghana. Gur speakers.
Family Compound
Nankani, northern Ghana. 1970s.
Sapi people
Sierra Leone. West Atlantic speakers.
Coastal Style Head
Sapi. 16th century.
Saltcellar Export
Sapi. c 1500.
Toma people
Southeastern Ghana.
Landai
Very large masks; red, feathered, with imported cloth.
Baga people
Western coastal Guinea. Descendants of the Sapi.
D'mba (nimba) mask
Baga. Early 20th century.
Basonyi Snake headpiece
Baga. 20th century.
A-Tshol figures
Baga. 20th century.
Temne/Mende people
Sierra Leone. West Atlantic/Mande speakers.
term: bondo/sande
Women's secret society of the Temne/Mende peoples.
Bondo society Nowo masquerade
Temne. 15th-20th century.
Sande society Sowei mask
Mende. Late 20th century.
Dan people
Liberia. Mande speakers.
Lu Me
Zian of Belewale; Dan. before 1931.
Wakemia Rice Spoon
Dan.
term: Wakede
A title given to a woman within a lineage that is the most hospitable and fulfills all the ideals of a Dan woman.
Gle masks
Dan. 20th century.
Mano people
Liberia/Ivory Coast.
Hornbill Mask
Mano. 19th century.
term: Go Ge
Mano masks that are so powerful that they are not worn by human beings; they are carried.
Asante people
Southern Ghana. 17th century to present. Akan speakers.
term: Visual-Verbal Nexus
Imagery that has a certain phrase or proverb corresponding with it.
Linguist Staff
Asante. LAte 20th century.
Golden Stool
Asante. 1700/19th century.
term: kente
A type of textile cloth traditionally only owned by royalty. Bright gold color with lots of reds, blues, and greens, with patterns associated with proverbs.
term: Adinkra
A type of textile cloth, designed with handcarved wooden stamp patterns rather than being woven in. Typically used for funeral ceremonies of the elite.
Akua ma "dolls"
Asante. Early 20th century.
Memorial Heads
Asante. 18th-19th century.
Baule people
Southern-central Ivory Coast. 17th century. Akan speakers.
term: asie-usu
"The earth as God."
Otherworld spouses
Baule. 19th-20th century.

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