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Glossary of World Lit Midterm

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Created by embonner830

até
unreasonably strong anger
aiké
equitable, reasonable, just, right distribution of power
timé
honor; formal recognition of another's worth or merit and public acknowledgement of respect and insufficiency
thumos
male high-spiritedness (important quality for leaders, but too much makes problems -> hubris)
hubris
thinking there are no limits on what one can do
logoin/ logos
reasons for punishment given by priest
diké
justice
areté
excellence
eudaimonia
life of flourish, happiness
philos/ philoi/ philotés
friend
philein/ philia
love
phrén
mind, sense
phronein
prudence
sophron
sound in mind, self-controlled
kleos
winning glory
ontological
onto= being
logical= logos
pneuma
spirit
deuteo
2nd
leviticus
1st
deuteronomic
2nd law
2 Samuel date
600 BC- during time of King Josiah
ilu/ elihom
relation to gods
El/ YaHWeh
GOD
hineni
Here I am, behold me (response to God)
ephod
ritual garment worn by priest
sedentary king
sits on throne while others fight and do the work
parable
illustrates moral truth through fiction or non-fiction
Positive Law
Events that follow are punishment by God
Natural Law
Events that follow are natural moral punishment -> You reap what you sow
herem
everyone and everything of a defeated people must be destroyed/ religiously ordained extermination
ruah
1. great wind
2. great/divine spirit
mefesh
appetite, soul
Ecclesiastes genre
Wisdom genre of literature
(most written by Solomon)
Wisdom (in ancient context)
technological knowledge of spiritual things
phronesis/ phron
moderation
Major Prophets
1. Elijah
2. Isaiah
3. Micah
4. Jeremiah
5. Ezekiel



Elijah
850 in Northern Kingdom (Israel)
Isaiah
742-700 in Southern Kingdom (Judea)
Micah
Contemporary of Isaiah
Jeremiah
626-587 BC
Ezekiel
593-563 (first part of Ezekiel written)
Zoroastrianism
Persian religion; first monotheistic religion that we know of
varna
people groups
varna (4)
1. brahman
2. kshatriya
3. vaishya
4. shudra


brahman
white -> priestly class
kshatriya
red -> warrior class
vaishya
brown -> peasant class
shudra
black -> slave class
rita
order/ cosmos
dharma
good, ethics
ksatriyadharma
way/conduct of the warrior
sadharanaydharma
general ethical rules for everyone (presents conflict between classes)
moksha
emotional release
ahimsa
non-violence
Kirshna
black
ethos
selfless love for another
moska
total surrender; brahma and atman are made one
brahma
one
atman
soul
Rome founded
760-750 BC
Stoic thought/ Stoicism
One should distance oneself from emotions, which leads to poor judgement, and commit oneself to logic and reason
Roman internal wars
1st century BC
Virgil born
70 BC (in the middle of the internal wars)
pietas/piety
reverence for god, family
superbos/superbium
pride (in a negative sense)
condit
to found a city, to bury a sword or spear
Oldest copy of Gilgamesh poem
2000 BC
Abraham and Sarah
1800-1700 BC
Isaac, Jacob, Joseph
1700-1600 BC
Moses and the Exodus
1600-1300 BC
Judges, Joshua, Deborah
1200-1100 BC
Kingship: Samuel, Saul
1100-1000 BC
King David: United Kingdom
1000-961 BC
Reign of King Solomon
961-922 BC
Northern Monarchy of Israel/ Prophet Elijah
922-722 BC
Southern Monarchy of Judah/ Prophet Isaiah
922-587 BC
Rediscovery of Deuteronomic History
622 BC
Assyrian Occupation of Northern Kingdom/ Prophet Jeremiah
700-600 BC
Babylonian Conquest and Exile/ Prophet Ezekiel
600-525 BC
Fall of Jerusalem and destruction of temple
587 BC
Persian conquest of Babylon, Return from exile, temple rebuilt
525-336 BC
Greek conquest, Alexander the Great
336-323 BC
Hellenism
323-100 BC
Maccabean Period
168-63 BC
Destruction of the Second Temple and Roman occupation
70 CE
Pre-Exilic
Before 587 BC
Post-Exilic
After 587 BC
Indus Culture
2500-1600 BC
Aryan Conquest
1500-1000 BC
Trojan War
1200 BC
Earliest narrative frameworks of The Mahabharata
1500-1000 BC
North Indian conquest and unification
1000-450 BC
Rig Vedic literature/ Brahman-Kshatriya hegemony
1000 BC
David's Reign
1000 BC
Upanishad, religious-political revolt against Brahmanism
800-700 BC
Iliad Written
750 BC
Advent of Buddhism, mendicant Hinduism, Jainism
600-400 BC
development of The Mahabharata
900-300 BC
Alexander the Great's invasion
326 BC
Mauryan Empire
326-184 BC
Age of Ashoka
269-232 BC
Incorporation of Krishna into The Mahabharata, The Bhagavad Gita
200 BC
The First Gupta Age
184 BC-320 AD
Completion and stabilization of the Mahabharata text
300 AD
The Classical Age/ Second Gupta Period
320-700 AD
Rome falls
476 AD
Octavius Caesar lives
43 BC
Augustus Caesar orders the Aeneid to be written
29-19 BC
"Deathless Aphrodite of the Spangled Mind"
Sappho, 600 BC
The Iliad (u)
Homer, 750 BC
King James Bible (u)
1.2 Samuel 2.1 Kings 3.Ecclesiastes 4.Lamentations 5.Ezekiel 6.Isaiah 7.Micah
The Aeneid (author)
Virgil
Homer (The Iliad)
12 or more syllable line
Virgil (The Aeneid)
10 syllable line
Romans Dates
54-58 AD
Petrine
Believed Christianity was like Judaism
Johannine (4)
-Jesus pre-existed before beginning of world
-Jesus is light in darkness
-love=agape
-fulfillment of commandment, not just knowledge


Pauline
Included the non-Hebrews
Romans author
Paul
nous
(logos) understanding, knowledge
eauto
draw out of self the law
gnosis
-predominant in Johnannine text
-knowing
agape
selfless love
Confessions author
Augustine
Augustine
354-430 AD
Patristic literature
Type of literature that Augustine wrote
Year Augustine officially converted
387 AD
Confessions Date
397 AD
Hominus
human
saity
having nothing more to desire, having everything in your reach= the divine
theo
God
logy
(logos) reason
Theology
-reason about God
-putting the claims of faith in a coherent, logical form
-render belief rational

psyche
soul
anima
soul
egological psychology
psychology organized around self
"original sin"
human is subject to sin from the beginning; born with a sinful nature
cupiditas/concupiocere
to be filled with carnal desires
idolatry
to desire secondary goods over primary goods
caritas
selfless love
cupiditas
selfish love
continence
a female soliciting another female
Purgatorio author
Dante
Purgatorio date
1310 AD
dole stil nuovo
A new type of literature that writes about the kind of love that lifts one up to spiritual things
dialects
reasoning well
Augustine=
=Pauline
Thomas Aquinas brought together
the works of Augustine and Aristotle
Dante brought together
the works of God, Aquinas, Augustine, and Aristotle
Dante
1265-1321 AD
Setting for commedia, Purgatorio
Easter weekend in year 300
(Written between 1304 and 1321)
Dante\'s verse form
Terzarime
ababcbcdc
-Structure reflects trinity (organized around 3\'s)

liberty
the ability to live under one\'s self
pietas
pride for one's groups; reverence for god or family
contrapasso
a counter blow
natural philosophy
imagination or fantasy is our ability to construct mental images
noncuporial
strictly spiritual
Natural love
Love from God
Mental love
Chosen human love
vir
man
vires
armies
virtu
power
teleology
science/philosophy of ends (purpose, goal)
tele
spear
ology
(logos) reason
intellecto
noncuporial mental understanding
entelechy
everything has a form or direction that it moves towards
Paradiso
Earthly paradise in Purgatorio
Praise of Folly author
Erasmus
Praise of Folly date
1509 AD
Renaissance
Discovery of the Greek language and text
1330-1600


Printing Press
Came to West in 1453 AD
Protestant Reformation
1517 AD
Thomism
Limiting power of God by forcing him to fit into Aristotelian thought
Nominalists
Take created world, suspend assumptions, and infer from world the principles that make it work
-Lead to modern science
Lucian
Wrote Praise of Lying before Erasmus wrote Praise of Folly
aphron
fool
Erasmus\' first great work
\"Handbook of Christian Warrior\" 1503
Erasmus
1466 or 69-1528 AD
Destabilization of Interpretation
Demands that reader think for himself
Polemic
make war with words
Demigod
Someone who appeals to people by speaking in a way that appeals to their most primal fears and gets them worked up
Hamlet author
Shakespeare
Bubonic Plague
1593-1594 AD (Theaters were closed)
Julius Caesar
1599 AD
Shakespeare goes to England as actor
late 1580\'s AD
Shakespeare
1564-1616
Hamlet
1599-1601
dogmatism
using philosophy to explain away anything that doesn\'t fit into your world view
intersubjective verification
Ex. In Hamlet, they all see the ghost, so it must be real
Eastern Roman Empire falls
1453 AD (Turks overran it)
Muhammad
570-632 BC
Muhammad\'s sublime visions began
610 BC
Quran/Koran
Poetry came to Muhammad from archangel Gabriel from God
Muhammad\'s revelations
610-632 BC
632 BC
Muhammad had a significant army, they took over Mecca, then he died
Iconoclastic ethics
doing away with idols
Jahiliyya
Pre-Islamic civilization/ A time of bloodlust, moral and intellectual chaos
Islam
Surrender, submission
dar al-harb
realm of warfare
shirk
freedom/ a stubborn uncontrollable self-will
fitna
-rebellion of man against God
-connotation of seductive woman
dar al-Islam
realm of Islam
ilm
wisdom or knowledge
umma
community where souls are regulated by the will to submit to God
rhama
love, charity/ mercy, compassion (like caritas & agape)
hidif
-narrative story of Prophet
-written to be memorized
egoism
human tendency to diefy oneself
radical demand of Islam
Submit in a way that separates you from thumos
Beatrice\'s Death
1290 AD
ratio
reason
The Aeneid
29-19 BC

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