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Glossary of Wordly Wise Test

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asperity
sharpness or harshness of manner
bane
a person or thing that destroys or causes harm
buffoon
a person who makes an attempt to be funny
doleful
mournful or full of sorrow
extrovert
a person whose attention is focused on others
garish
excessively bright and flashy
hierarchy
a system in which positions of power are ranked
imbue
to fill completely with a feeling or idea, to inspire
instigate
to stir up or urge on
penchant
a strong attraction or leaning
rambunctious
behaving in a wild and unruly manner
repertoire
list of pieces an actor or musician is ready to perfom, skills or accomplishments of a person or group
rudiment
basic principle or skill
undermine
to weaken or ruin by degrees
unremitting
not stopping or slowing down, constant
adjudicate
to hear and decide judicially
centennial
a one-hundredth anniversary or its celebration
countenance
a person's face or thier expression
disgruntle
to make dissatisfied or put in a bad mood
equilibrium
a state of balance
expedite
to speed up a process
gird
to encircle or surround
gratuitous
not called for, unnecessary
illusory
unreal or imagined
implacable
incapable of being soothed
luminary
source of light
manifesto
public statement explaining views of an individual or group
mesmerize
to fascinate or hypnotize
precedent
an act or statement that may serve as a justification for a later one
spurious
not genuine
curtail
to cut short or reduce
discriminate
to make clear distinctions, to treat in a less favorable way
espoinage
the act of spying
inalienable
not able to be taken or given away
incarcerate
to confine or put in prison
indignity
to insult one's pride, humiliating treatment
indiscriminate
not marked by careful distinctions
infamous
having a bad reputation, notorious
intercede
to act or plead on another's behalf
malign
to say negative and unfair things about
perpetrate
to commit as a crime
rampant
threateningly wild, without restraint
rancor
a deep, long-held feeling of hatred
reparation
a mending or repair
smattering
superifical, scattered knowledge
accolade
an expression of approval, merit
adamant
not yielding, firm
adulate
to flatter or admire excessively, to idolize
altercation
a loud and determined dispute, quarrel
annals
historical records or events
assiduous
diligent and persistant
chary
excersising caution
clique
small, exclusive group held together by a common interest
decrepit
worn-out with use or broken-down
endow
to provide with a quality or thing
ephemeral
lasting a very short time
ingratiate
to work to gain the favor of someone
pantheon
a group of people held in high esteem for their achievements
perverse
turned away from what is right
tutelage
instruction, protection, or guardianship
acrimony
biterness or sharpness of temper, manner, or speech
affinity
attraction for someone or something with which one feels a closeness
ambivalent
having mixed feelings about something or someone
cessation
a stopping, final or temporary
emaciated
thin or wasted away, from lack of nourishment
enclave
a distinct regionor community enclosed in a larger territory
engender
to bring into being, to produce
exacerbate
to make more severe, bitter, or violent
illicit
not allowed, improper, or unlawful
indigenous
naturally living or growing in a certain area
inexorable
not to be persuaded, stopped, or moved
infatuated
filled with excessive, shallow, or foolish love or desire
insatiable
never satisfied, greedy
poignant
painfully moving, affecting, or touching
proselytize
to convert someone to a faith, belief, or cause
ameliorate
to make better, to improve
baleful
expressing hatred or evil
berate
to criticize vigorously
circumvent
to avoid through craftiness
compunction
a feeling of uneasiness or anxiety caused by guilt
condone
to overlook or accept without punishment
diminutive
very small, tiny
euphemism
polite term used to avoid directly naming something considered offensive
expendable
able to be used up and then discarded
heresy
the expression of shocking or unacceptable views
infirmity
physical or mental weakness or defect
profane
to treat with scorn or irreverance
recompense
to pay or compensate
repast
food and drink
servitude
a lack of freedom
castigate
to punish by criticizing sharply
colloquial
characaterized by informal language
epitaph
the words carved on a tombstone
exodus
a mass departure
inter
to put in a grave
lacerate
to tear or cut roughly
largesse
the act of giving generously
obituary
a notice of someone's death
omnivorous
eating all kinds of food, taking in everything available
permeate
to spread throughout
rendition
an interpretation or translation
resurgence
a rising again to life, use, acceptance, or promincence
stereotype
a generalization used to characterize a person withough acknowledging individual differences
stipend
a regular and fixed amout of pay
subservient
serving or acting in a subordinate manner
adjacent
near or next to
beset
to surroud or to attack repeatedly
cede
to give up or transfer, especially by treaty or formal agreement
circuitous
roundabout or indirect
desultory
proceeding or carried out in an aimless or random way
galvanize
to excite or arouse action
implement
a tool or instrument
inconsequential
lacking importance or worth
magnitude
greatness of size, power, or influence
materialize
to become real or actual, to appear in physical form
muster
a gathering
prohibitive
serving to restrain action or discourage use of
reminisce
to think or talk about one's past
vanguard
the leading or forward position in a movement
visionary
a person who is given to ideas taht are not currently realistic, a dreamer
cautionary
offering or serving as a warning
constrain
to confine, inhibit, or hold back by force
flotilla
a fleet of boats
gossamer
thin, sheer fabric
ignominious
marked by, deserving, or causing shame or disgrace
incur
to bring upon oneself something undesireable
liquidate
to settle affiars of a business or to get rid of or destroy
magnate
an important, often wealthy person prominant in a large industry or business
misnomer
a name that does not fit
onerous
burdensome
pandemonium
state or place of consusion or uproar
quixotic
romantic and idealistic
tenacious
holding fast, persistant in adhering to something valued or habitual
vestige
a trace of something that was once present
zephyr
a light, gentle breeze
attest
to declare or be evidence of something ture
axiom
a statement or principle that requires no proof because the truth is obvious
churlish
lacking good manners, rude, impolite
concoct
to make up, prepare
derivative
something that grows out of or as a result of an earlier condition
differentiate
to see the difference, to distinguish
disparge
to criticize in a negative and disrespectful manner
dissipate
to break up and spread out so thinly as to disappear
esoteric
not gernally known or understood
oflactory
relating to smell
plethora
too great a number
refurbish
to make like new
secrete
to produce and give off
vagary
a departure from the normal
volatile
evaporating quickly
agrarian
having to do with farming
burgeon
to grow and expand rapidly
cataclysm
a sudden and violent change
culinary
having to do with cooking
denigrate
to attack the reputation of
gourmet
a person who likes fine food and is a good judge of its quality
gradiloquent
using lofty or pompous speech or expression
hybrid
the offspring of two animals or plants of different species, anything of mixed origin
manifold
having many different kinds, forms, or parts
palatable
acceptable of pleasing expecially to taste
panacea
something used to cure all ills or difficulties
plebeian
of or pertaining to the common people
scourge
something that causes great pain and suffering
stalemate
a halt in struggle because both sides are equally strong and neither side will give in
temeperate
mild, moderate
aftermath
a consequance or result
aphorism
a short statement or truth or principle
catharsis
a releasing of the emotions
cohort
a gropu that is moving or working together
culpable
deserving blame
diabolical
devilish
enormity
the state or quality of being immoderate, state of being huge
gibe
to utter taunting, sarcastic words
innocuous
harmless
necessitate
to require, make necessary
odyssey
a long and adventurous journey
partisan
a strong supporter or advocate
posterity
a person's descendants
premeditated
fully planned beforehand
scurrilous
vulgar
adjunct
something or someone joined or added to something else, but not essentially a part of it
belie
to give a false impression of
carnage
great destruction of life
dilemma
a problem that seems to have not satisfactory solution
diverse
differing from one another
eradicate
to get rid of
flout
to ignore in a disrespectful or scournful way
foment
to stir up, to rouse
insurrection
an open revolt against legal authority
mandatory
required
mitigate
to make or become less serious or severe
pretext
an effort to conceal the real intention or state of affairs
singular
denoting a single person or thing
somnolent
tending to cause sleepiness
stalwart
strong, sturdy
aberration
a departure from the norm or what is considered right
antiquated
grown old, out of date
celestial
of or relating to the skies or heavens
certitude
the state of being certain of the truth or rightness of something
disburse
to distribute something or pay out money
galaxy
a vast cluster of stars and other matter
intractable
hard to manage or control
juncture
a joining or coming together
juxtapose
to place side by side
maelstrom
a large violent whirlpool
optimum
best or most favorable
pillory
to expose to public scorn
proliferate
to grow, expand, or multiply at a rapid rate
remiss
negligent, careless
titanic
marked by great strength, size, or influence
abominate
to hate or loathe intensely
abridge
to shorten in duration or extent
animosity
intense ill will
auspicious
favorable, promising
beleaguer
to besiege, to surround
confidant
a person to whom secrets are told
constituent
one of the parts that make up a whole
iniquitous
unjust, wicked
inure
to adjust to and accept unpleasent or undesireable condtions
inveigh
to complain or protest strongly
predecessor
a person or thing that has held a position or office before another
sabotage
acts that intentionally damage, hinder, or seek to discredit
sadistic
taking pleasure in causing pain
scathing
harshly critical
transpire
to become apparent, to happen or occur
aura
a distinctive atomosphere or feeling that seems to surround someone or something
banal
lacking freshness
bemuse
to confuse or bewilder
cognizant
fully aware, taking notice
conundrum
a riddle whose answer is a play on words, puzzle
evanescent
short-lived, staying temporarily
factotum
a helper or assistant with a wide range of duties
grandiose
impressive becuase of size or scope
induce
to influence or persuade, to bring about
intransigent
refusing to compromise or change one's position on an issue
laudatory
full of praise
panache
dash or flamboyance in style or action
picayune
petty or insignificant
predilection
an inclination, preferance
promontory
a high point of land that juts out into water
aggregate
a group of things gathered in a whole
allocate
to set aside for a specific purpose
augur
to predict future events
bastion
a fortified area or position, something that is a source of strength
decorum
suitable or proper behavior or speech
defunt
no longer existing or functioning
disarray
a lack of order, confusion
haylcon
calm, peaceful, and happy
homily
a lecture on how to behave morally
hyperbole
extravagant exaggeration

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