Glossary of West and World chapter 17
Created by Rosalina92
- Universal law of gravitation
- by Isaac Newton:
demonstrated that the same force holding an object to the earth also holds the planets in their orbits.
establishing the existence of a single gravitational force and giving it precise mathematical expression.
sign. a scientific model to replace aristotle
- theories/hypotheses that emerge after the accumulation and analysis of data
sign. abandonment of preconceived ideas and base scientific conclusions on experience and observation
- says that all scientific theories be tested by experiments based on observation of the natural world
- deductive reasoning
- logical process by which ideas and laws are derived from basic truths/principles
- insists that the mind contains rational categories independent of sensory observation
changes scientific research in the 16th/17th century
- mechanical philosophy
- assumtion that the natural world operated as if it were a machine made by a human
implied that the entire universe was uniform in structure
- the philosophy thats says their is a sharp distinction between the mind and body.
mind was completely separte from body and material world
- teaching of plato- philosophy that stressed the unity of the natural and spiritual worlds
made a direct contribution of the birth of modern science
- intellectual frameworks that goverened scientific research
3rd interal cause of the scientific revolutions was the collapse of these
- tendency to doubt what we have been taught/expected to believe
formed part of the method that sciencetist adopted to solve philosophical problems
- process in which religion gave way to more worldy concerns.
theology lost its dominant position in uniersities and religion had lost mch of its influence on politics/economic activity
- the magical art of attempting to turn base metals into gold or silver
- thinks who believed that god created the universe but did not intervene in nature or in human affairs
rejected the possibility of miracles
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