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Glossary of Vocabulary: AP Latin

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abylonius
of Babylon
baca
berry; olive; fruit
bacchor
rave; act like a Bacchant
baculum
stick
Baiae
city in Campania on the coast
balneae
baths
balneator
bathkeeper
Bandusia
a pleasant fountain near Horace’s birthplace
barbarus
outlandish; barbarian
barbatus
bearded
barbitos
a lyre, lute
barbula
a little beard
basiatio
kissing, kissification
basio
(verb) kiss
basium
kiss
Battiadae
an inhabitant of Cyrene
Battus
legendary founder of Cyrene
Baucis
Baucis, wife of Philemon in Phrygia
beatus
happy, blessed; rich, well-to-do
bellum
war
bellus
pretty, nice, fine, charming
bene
well
benefactum
benefit, good deed, favor
beneficium
favor, service, kindness
benignus
kind
beo
make happy, gladden, bless; reward
bestia
beast, animal; with mala - odor of the armpits
bibo
drink
bicolor
of two colors
bicornis
with two horns; two-pronged
bilis
bile; anger, wrath, indignation
bis
twice; doubly
Bithynia
Roman province on the northern coast of Asia Minor
Bithynus
Bithynian
blandimentum
flattering words, flattery; pleasure, charm
blanditia
caressing, flattery
blandus
charming, sweet, seductive
Bolanus
the companion who bores Horace
bonus
good; of “good”social standing
bos
ox, bull, cow
bracchium
arm
brevis
short, brief, scant
Briseis
daughter of Brises, i.e. Hippodamia
Britanni
Britons
Britanniae
Briton; generalizing plural
bruma
winter; the winter solstice
Brutus
Marcus Junius Brutus, one of Caesar’s murderers
bubo
owl
bustum
funeral pyre; mound, tumb
buxifer
producing box trees (coarse hardwood)
buxum
wood of the box tree; flute, pipe; comb
cachinnus
laugh, guffaw; metaph. of rippling waves
caco
defecate
cacumen
peak, tip
cado
fall
caducifer
bearing a herald's staff; as a noun - Mercury
Caecilius
a love poet from Como
Caecubus
of Caecubus, a region in southern Latium noted for its wine
caecus
blind; hidden, obscure
caedes
killing, slaughter, carnage
caedo
cut, cut down; strike; slaughter, destroy
caelatus
engraved, adorned
caelebs
unmaried, single; without a vine
caeles
heavenly; (noun) god or goddess
caelestis
celestial, of the heavens
caelicola
god, deity
Caelius
the defendant; Roman family name, as in Marcus Caelius Rufus
caelum
the sky or heavens
caementum
unhewn stone, quarry-stone
caeruleus
sea-blue
Caesar
Gaius Julius Caesar
caesius
having gray or gray-blue eyes
calceatus
furnished with shoes or sandals
calcitro
kick; resist
caleo
glow, be warm; be inflamed; be troubled
caligo
verb - steam, reek, darken
calliditas
shrewdness, skill
callidus
shrewd, expert, adroit, skillful
Calvus
Catullus’s closest friend
Calymne
Calymne, an island in the Aegean near Rhodes
campester
flat, even, level
campus
plain, field
candidus
bright; white; fair-skinned; gorgeous
candor
dazzling whiteness, clearness, brightness; beauty
Canicula
the dog-star
canis
dog
canistrum
basket
canities
gray hair; white or gray coloring
canna
reed, cane; a flute
cano
sing
canto
sing, play; recite
cantus
song; sound of instruments
capax
wide, large, spacious, roomy
caper
goat, he-goat; odor of the armpits
capillus
hair
capio
catch, snatch
Capitolium
the Capitol, temple of Jupiter at Rome
caprimulgus
goat milker
capsula
small box, casket
captivus
prisoner, captive
capto
catch, chase, hunt, capture; long for
caput
head
carbasus
fine linen; sail, canvas
cardo
hinge; (in astron.) a pole
careo
lack, be free of
carex
sedge, reed grass
carina
keel; a vessel, boat, ship
cariosus
full of decay
carmen
song, poem; incantation
carpo
pluck, pull at; press on
carta
a sheet or roll of papyrus
carus
dear
casa
hut, cottage, cabin, shed
castimonia
morality; chastity, abstinence
Castor
son of Leda and Tyndareus, twin brother of Pollux; constellation
castra
military camp, camp
castrensis
of the camp, in the camp
castus
pure, chaste, free from vice
casus
fall; accident, chance, fortune, situation
catena
chain, fetter
caterva
throng, crowd, band, mob
Catilina
Catiline, Roman revolutionary exposed by Cicero
Catullus
the poet
catulus
puppy, whelp
Caucasus
the mountain range between the Black and Caspian seas
causa
noun - cause, reason, motive; prep. - for the sake of
causor
plead, pretend
cautus
careful, circumspect, wary, cautious, provident
caveo
beware
cavus
hollow, deep
Cecropia
Athens, the citadel of Athens
cedo
go; go away, depart
celeber
frequented, crowded; honored, renowned, famous
celebritas
multitude, throng; solemnity
celebro
fill, crowd, frequent; celebrate, solemnize; resound
celer
swift, quick
cella
cell, granary, store-room
celo
hide from, conceal; keep secret
celsus
lofty, raised, elevated, towering
cena
dinner
ceno
dine
centum
100
cera
wax; a writing-tablet; seal
cerebrum
the brain; understanding; anger
cereus
waxen, of wax; pliant, soft
cerno
sift; distinguish; decide, determine; perceive
certo
fight, struggle, contend
certus
fixed, definite, sure, unerring
cerva
hind, doe
cervix
the neck
cetera
the rest
ceu
as, just as; as if
Charybdis
whirlpool between Italy and Sicily
Chloe
shy girl in 1.26; lover in 3.9
chommodus
mispronunciation of commodus
chorus
chorus; a singing and dancing performance
ciborium
a drinking-cup
cibus
food
cicuta
hemlock; a shepherd's pipe
ciens
moving, driving; exciting, stimulating
cinaedus
a catamite or passive homosexual
cingo
surround; crown
cinis
ash; burned-out funeral pyre
Cinna
friend of Catullus
circa
around, round about, near
circumago
roll on, pass away; (pass.)be led from place to place
circumdo
surround, set around; enclose, encircle
circumsilio
spring or leap around
cithara
lute, cithara
cito
set in motion, rouse; call, summon
citus
moving quickly, rapid, swift
civilis
civil, civic
civis
citizen
civitas
citizenship; state, government
clam
secretly, privately, covertly
clamo
shout, complain about
clamor
shout, cry, clamor
clarisonus
loud, clear-sounding
Claros
Claros, small town in Ionia famous for its oracle for Apollo
clarus
loud; bright; clear; famous
classis
fleet; any designated group or class
Claudia
Claudia, alleged that Caelius tried to poison her
claudo
shut, close; conclude
clavis
key
clavus
nail; rudder, helm; purple stripe; striped tunic
clementia
moderation, forbearance, clemency
cliens
client; a person attached to a patronus for legal and other protection
clivus
slope, declivity; hill
Clodia
same as Claudia
Cnidus
town on the coast of Caria, in SW Asia Minor
Cocytos
river of the underworld
coemo
purchase, buy up
coeo
come together, meet; unite
coepi
begin
coerceo
enclose, surround; repress, control
coetus
meeting; band, company, group, crowd
cogitatio
a thought
cogito
think
cognatus
related; (noun) relative
cognitor
attorney, advocate; defender
cognitus
known; sexually intimate
cognosco
get to know; know
cogo
round up, collect; compel
cohibeo
hold together, contain, confine, embrace
cohors
retinue, staff, entourage
colligo
gather
collis
hill, high ground
colloco
set, place; set out, arrange on a marriage bed
collum
neck
colo
inhabit; till; look after
colonus
farmer, peasant; settler colonist
color
color
coloro
to color or stain
columba
dove, pigeon
columna
column, pillar, post
coma
hair, lock of hair; foliage
comatus
covered with hair or foliage
combibo
drink up, absorb; swallow, absorb
comes
companion, friend, comrade
comissatio
drinking party
comissator
reveller, drinker
comitatus
an escort, retinue
comiter
courteously, kindly
comitor
accompany, attend, follow
commemoro
remember, recall
commendatio
recommendation; excellence
commendo
confide, entrust; commend
committo
bring into contact with; entrust, give up, hand over
commodo
serve with, grant, supply, lend
commodus
of full size or weight, standard; convenient, opportune
commoveo
stir up, agitate; remove, carry away
communico
communicate, share, impart; participate in
communis
common, general, universal, plublic; familiar
como
comb, arrange, braid, dress
comparo
prepare, acquire, obtain; place side by side, compare
compello
address, invoke
compesco
confine, repress; restrain
complector
embrace, surround
complexus
embrace
compono
place beside, match, compare
comprecor
pray to, implore
comprehendo
seize, catch
comprimo
compress, press together; embrace; restrain
comprobatus
established, confiremed
Comum
Como, a town in Cisalpine Gaul
concedo
yield, defer; give way, depart; grant, concede
concessus
lawful, permitted
concha
shell; trumpet, conch

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