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Glossary of Vocab from Johnson

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Abandon
Total Lack of inhibition
Abase
To disgrace/humble
Abash
To make ashamed
Abate
To decrease
Abattoir
Slaughterhouse
Abdicate
Give up a right
Aberration
Extreme departure from the normal
Abet
To aid/collaborate with bad things
Abeyance
Temporary suspension (of law)
Abhor
To loathe
Abject
Miserable
Abjure
To formally abandon
Ablution
cleansing
Abnegate
To renounce (oneself)
Abolish
To eliminate
abortive
not completed
abridge
to shorten
abrogate
to annul
abscond
to depart secretly
absolve
to free from blame
abstain
to refrain
abstract
complex, theoretical
abstruse
difficult to understand
accede
to agree, enter upon duties, give in (to demands)
accesible
attainable
accessory
attachment, ornament
accolade
praise
accomodate
to allow, adapt
accost
to approach and speak to
accretion
growth by addition
accrue
to accumulate
acerbic
sour, sharp, bitter
acme
highest point
acquiesce
comply unwillingly
acquit
to release from blame, (to conduct (oneself)
acrid
bitter, acerbic
acrimony
bitterness, harshness, between two people
acuity
sharpness
acumen
sharpness of insight
acute
sharp
adage
proverb
adamant
unyielding in opinion
adapt
to adjust to accomodate
address
skill
adhere
to cling/stick to
adjacent
(lying) next to
adjunct
attached
admonished
to reprimand
adroit
skillful
adulation
praise, accolade
adulterate
to make impure
adumbrate
to give in outline
advantageous
favorable
adversarial
competitive
adverse
unfavorable
aerial
of the air
aerie
a bird's nest high in the air
aerodynamic
related to motion through air
aesthete
seeker of beauty
aesthetic
pertaining to beauty
affable
friendly
affected
pretentious not genuine
affinity
attraction, similarity
affluent
abundant, wealthy
affront
to insult
agenda
plan, schedule
aggrandize
to increase i.e. ego aggrandizement
aggregate
(n) total
aggrieve
to distress
agile
nimble
agitation
commotion
agnostic
not confident in the existence of God
agrarian
related to farming
alacrity
eagerness, speed
alchemy
medieval science devoted to the study of converting base metals into gold and finding the elixir of life.
algorithm
mechanical computation
alias
assumed name
alienated
distanced, estranged
alight
to land
aligned
adjusted precisely
allay
to lessen, soothe
allege
to assert to be true, cite as an excuse
allegory
symbolic representation
alleviate
to lessen, relieve, allay
alliteration
repetition of an original sound
allocation
division, share, portion
allure
enticement, power to attract
allusion
indirect reference
aloof
detached, indifferent
altercation
noisy dispute
altruism
selfless concern for others
amalgamate
to combine
amateur
hobbyist, participant without pay
ambidextrous
skilled with both hands
ambiguous
having multiple meanings
ambivalence
conflicting feelings
ameliorate
to improve
amenable
cooperative, agreeable
amend
to correct, revise
amenity
comfort
amiable
friendly, amicable
amicable
agreeable, friendly, amiable
amity
friendship
amoral
having no morals
amorous
filled with love, romantic
amorphous
having no definite shape
amortize
to diminish by installments
amphibian
at home in water or on land
amphitheater
arena with seats around
ample
plentiful, sufficient
amplify
to increase
amulet
ornament worn as a charm
anachronism
something unfit in time
analogous
comparable
anarchy
absence of government
anathema
religious taboo
anchorite
a religious recluse
ancillary
accessory, auxiliary
anecdote
short account of an event
anemia
weakness due to low red blood cell count
anesthetic
causing loss of sensation
animation
enthusiasm, liveliness
animosity
hostility
annex
an addition; to incorporate territory
annul
to cancel
anodyne
a pain relieving agent
anoint
to oil; enthrone
anomaly
irregularity
anonymity
having no name
antagonist
adversary
antecedent
that which came before
antediluvian
before the Flood
anterior
prior
anthology
collection of literary works
anthropomorphic
giving human qualities to non humans.
antipathy
hostility, dislike
antiquated
outdated, obsolete
antiquity
ancient times
antithesis
exact opposite
apathetic
indifferent, unconcerned
aphasia
inability to use words
aphorism
pithy statement
apocryphal
of doubtful authenticity
apoplexy
stroke, cerebral hemorrhage, fit of extreme anger
apostate
one who renounces a religion
apostrophe
address to someone not present
apotheosis
glorified ideal, deification of a person
apparatus
machine, tool
apparition
ghost, unusual sight
appease
to placate
apellation
name
applicable
related
apprise
to inform
approbation
praise, accolade, adulation
appropriate (v)
(v) to take possesion of
aquatic
related to water
arable
able to be plowed
arbitrary
determined by whim
arbitrate
to mediate, negogiate
arboreal
related to trees
arcane
hidden, esoteric
archaic
antiquated, outdated, obsolete
archetype
prototype, ideal example
archipelago
group of islands
archive
public records of historical interest
ardent
passionate
arduous
extremely difficult
arid
extremely dry
arraign
to charge with a crime
arrest
to stop s.o./s.t.
arrogate
to claim without right
arsenal
ammunition storehouse
articulate
to express clearly
artifact
historic relic
artisan
crafts person
ascend
to rise
ascertain
to determine
ascetic
self denying, abstinent
ascribe
to attribute, assign
ashen
resembling ashes, gray
askew
tilted
aspersion
false rumor
aspire
to have great hopes
assail
to attack
assent
to express agreement
assiduous
diligent, hard-working
assignation
assignment, rendezvous
assimilation
act of becoming similar
assonance
resemblance in sound
assuage
relieve, ease
astringent
harsh, constricting body tissue
astute
shrewd; crafty
asunder
into various parts
atone
to make amends for a wrong
atrocious
shockingly bad
atrophy
to wither away
attain
to accomplish
attenuate
to weaken, make slender
attest
to testify
attribute
ascribe (v)
distinctive trait (n)
attrition
wearing down, gradual reduction
audacious
bold, daring
audit
formal financial investigation
auditory
related to hearing
augment
to expand
augury
prophecy, prediction of events
august
dignified, inspiring
auspicious
favorable
austere
stern, unadorned
authoritarian
extremely strict
autocrat
dictator
autonomous
independent
auxiliary
ancillary, supplementary, reserve
avant-garde
leaders of new social movements
avarice
greed
avenge
to take revenge
aver
to affirm
aversion
intense dislike
avert
to turn away, prevent
avian
related to birds
aviary
a large enclosure for birds
avow
to declare openly
awry
askew, crooked
axiom
postulate, self evident truth
baleful
having evil intentions
balk
to refuse, thwart, hesitate
ballad
narrative poem, folk song
balm
soothing influence
ban
to forbid
banal
trite, overly common
bane
something that causes death, destruction
banter
playful conversation
bard
eminent poet or reader of poetry
basilisk
legendary serpent with fatal breath and glance
bastion
fortification
bay (v)
to bark in a deep prolonged way
becalm
to make calm
becloud
to confuse, darken
beguile
to deceive with charm
behemoth
huge creature
belabor
to insist upon repeatedly
belated
late (adj)
beleaguer
harass, plague, beset
belfry
bell tower
belie
to misrepresent, expose as false
belittle
to represent as unimportant
bellicose
warlike
belligerent
hostile
bellow
to roar
bemuse
to confuse, stupefy (to the point of aphasia)

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