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Glossary of Vocab 23-24

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malaise
[French: "mal"=bad + "aise"=ease]
Unhealthy state of an institution. Uneasiness of mind or spirit.
moratorium
[Latin: "mora"=delay]
A legally authorized period of delay in the performance of a legal obligation or the payment of a debt. A waiting period set by an authority.
mesmerize
[English: "mesmer"=hypnotic state+"ize"(suffix)]
To hypnotize; to subject to mesmerism.
gut
to remove the intestines of; eviscerate. To destrou the interior of, as by fire.
phantom
Something that seems to appear to the sight by has no physical existence; apparition. A person or thing that is something in appearance but not in fact.
sop
Something given to pacify or quiet, as a bribe
machinations
Crafty schemes; plots; intrigues
regimented
formed into organized groups; forming a regular pattern
outstrip
to run or move faster than; to exceed a goal; to surpass or outdo
ideology
The ideas or manner of thinking characteristic of an individual or group; esp. the ideas and objectives that influence a whole group of national culture, shaping their political and social procedure.
stifle
to destroy, crush, suppress; to silence; to conceal; to make mute (literally: to strangle)
susceptible
capable of taking, receiving, being affected by, or undergoing something
default
failure or absence of something; scarcity, defect; imperfection
stringent
constrictive; tightly binding; compelling (in the form of reason); rigorous - coercive
profligate
shamelessly immoral; recklessly prodigal or extravagant
affront
to offend by an open manifestation of disrespect or insolence.
throes
violent convulsion or struggle; the agony of death; pains of childbirth.
appeasement
the policy of granting concessions to potential enemies to maintain peace.
aggrandize
[French: aggrandis - to magnify] to widen in scope; to increase in size or intensity; enlarge; extend.
defer
to delay, postpone [Note: There is another English verb spelled like this one but having a different etymology and meaning, "to submit or yield to the wishes, opinion, or decision of another."]
resolute
firmly resolved or determined; set in purpose or opinion.
austere
sever in manner or appearance; uncompromising; strict; grave; sober; without excess.
strident
having a shrill, irritating quality or character.
prodigious
extraordinary in size, amount, extent, degree, force, etc.; wonderful or marvelous; abnormal.
ebullience
[Latin: ebulliens, pr.part of ebullire -- to bubble out, from "e" -- out + "bullire" -- to bubble/boil] a bubbling or boiling up; an overflow of enthusiasm, high spirits, etc.
reprisal
an act or instance of retaliation; the forcible seizure of property or subjects in retaliation.
anomaly
[Greek: "an-" -- not + "homalos" -- from "homos" -- the same] deviation or departure from the normal condition or common rule irregularity; abnormality.
scuttle
to sink deliberately; to abandon or cause to be destroyed.
impasse
a position or situation from which there is no escape.

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