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Glossary of Victoria University

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adik
adik: younger brother or sister
aduk
aduk, mengaduk: stir, mix
agak
agak: rather
agama
agama: religion
air
air: water; berair: juicy
ajak
ajak: invite, encourage
ajar
ajar, mengajar: teach; belajar: study; pelajari: study something; pelajar: student
akan
akan: will, intend to; about, relating to
akhir
akhir: last; terakhir: the last; akhirnya: finally
aksi
aksi: action
alam
alam: nature, natural; ilmu alam: natural science
alat
alat: tool, instrument
ambil
ambil, mengambil, ambilkan: take, pick up; ambil bagian: take part
anak
anak: child, son or daughter
antara
antara: between, among
antarkota
antarkota: intercity, between cities
antik
antik: antique, old
apa saja
apa saja: whatever
apa
apa: what; mengapakan: do what with, do something with
apalagi
apalagi: what's more, especially, above all
apel
apel: apple
api
api: fire; kereta api: railway train
arti
arti, berarti, artinya: meaning, mean
asal
asal, asalnya: place of origin, home
asing
asing: foreign
asli
asli: original, indigenous, native
asrama
asrama: dormitory, student residence
atas
atas: top; di atas: on top of, above
atau
atau: or
ayah
ayah: father
ayam
ayam: chicken, hen
babi
babi: pig; babi hutan: wild boar
baca
baca, membaca: read
bagaimana
bagaimana: how; "how about..."
bagian
bagian: part, section; ambil bagian: take part
bagus
bagus: good, high-quality
bahan
bahan: ingredient
bahasa
bahasa: language; berbahasa: speak (a language)
baik
baik: good, OK, well, fine
bajaj
bajaj (pronounced "bajai"): three-wheeled motorised taxi
bakat
bakat: talent
baku
baku: official, standard, main, basic
balik
balik: go back, return
balon
balon: balloon
bangun
bangun, membangun: build; dibangun: be built; also bangun: wake up
bantu, bantuan
bantu, bantuan: help
banyak
banyak: a lot, lots, a great deal; kebanyakan: majority
bapak
bapak: father, older man
barang
barang: thing, article
barangkali
barangkali: perhaps, maybe
barat
barat: west
baru
baru: new; just, just recently
batang
batang: trunk (of a tree); counter for cylindrical objects
bawa
bawa, membawa: take, carry
bawah
bawah: below: di bawah: underneath, below
bayangan
bayangan: shadow
bayar
bayar: pay
beberapa
beberapa: several
becak
becak: bicycle taxi
beda
beda: be different; perbedaan: difference
begitu
begitu: in that way
bekerja
see "kerja"
belajar
see "ajar"
belakang
belakang: behind, rear; washroom
Belanda
Belanda: The Netherlands, Holland, Dutch
belanja
belanja: go shopping, shop for something, buy
beli
beli, membeli: buy, purchase
belum
belum: not yet
bemo
bemo: minibus (public transport); also kjang and oplet
benar
benar: correct, right
benda
benda: thing; kata benda: noun
bentuk
bentuk: shape, form
berangkat
berangkat: depart, leave
berapa
berapa: how many; beberapa: a few
berarti
see "arti"
beras
beras: (uncooked) rice
berat
berat: heavy; beratnya: weight (of something)
berbagai
berbagai: various
berbahasa
berbahasa: can speak (a language)
berbeda
see "beda"
berbicara
see "bicara"
berbuah
see "buah"
bercakap
see "cakap"
berdikari
berdikari (=berdiri atas kakinya sendiri): stand on your own two feet, be self-sufficient
berguna
see "guna"
beri
beri, memberi, memberikan: give, provide
berikutnya
berijutnya: next, following, subsequent
berjalan
see "jalan"
berkaitan
berkaitan (dengan): be connected (with), be related (to)
berkeluarga
see "keluarga"
berkualitas
see "kualitas"
berlaku
see "laku"
bermain
see "main"
beroda
see "roda"
bersalah
see "salah"
bersama
bersama: with, together
bersih
bersih, membersihkan: clean
bertahap
bertahap: in order, in sequence, one by one
bertamu
see "tamu"
bertani
see "tani"
berterus
see "terus"
bertunangan
see "tunangan"
berubah
see "ubah"
berumur
see "umur"
besar
besar: large, big; membesarkan: make large, increase, make a big deal out of
besok
besok: tomorrow
betul
betul: right, correct; kebetulan: by accident, as it happens
biar
biar, membiarkan, biarlah: leave (something) alone, forget about (something)
biasa
biasa: ordinary, usual
biasanya
biasanya: usually, normally
bicara
bicara, berbicara: speak, talk; membicarakan: discuss, talk about
bilang
bilang: say
bilangan
bilangan: numerals, numbers
binatang
binatang: animal
bioskop
bioskop: movie theatre
bir
bir: beer
biru
biru: blue
bis
bis: bus
bisa
bisa: can, able to
bodoh
bodoh: stupid
bola
bola: ball
boleh
boleh: may, can, allowed to (do something)
boneka
boneka: puppet
brosur
brosur: brochure, leaflet
buah
buah: fruit; counter for some items; berbuah: (give) fruit
buat
buat, membuat: make, do, create; pembuatan: making, creating
budaya
budaya: cultural; kebudayaan: culture
buka
buka, membuka: open
bukan
bukan: no, not, not right
buku harian
buku harian: diary
buku
buku: book
bulan
bulan: moon, month; berbulan-bulan: for months
bumbu-bumbu
bumbu-bumbu: spices
bunga
bunga: flower
burung
burung: bird
busuk
busuk: bad, rotten; membusuk: go bad, go rotten
cabe
cabe: chilli pepper; cane rawit: bird's eye chilli
cakap
cakap, bercakap, mencakap, percakapan: talk, chat
campur
campur, mencampur: mix up
campuraduk
campuraduk, mencampuraduk: jumble, mix up
candi
candi: temple
cantik
cantik: pretty, attractive, beautiful
canting
canting: tool used to apply wax when making batik cloth
capai
capai: tired
cara
cara: way
cari
cari, mencari: search for, look for
cegah
cegah, mencegah: confront, combat, address (a problem)
cek
cek: check (both "verify" and monetary cheque)
celana
celana: trousers, pants
cepat
cepat: quick, fast
cerita
cerita, ceritera: story; menceritakan, bercerita: tell (a story)
Cina
Cina: China
coba
coba, mencoba: try, attempt
cocok
cocok: suitable, appropriate
coklat
coklat: brown
contoh
contoh: example
corak
corak: design, pattern, motif
cuaca
cuaca: weather
cukup
cukup: enough
cuma
cuma: only, just
daerah
daerah: area, region
daftar
daftar: list; daftar isi: contents, index
dagang
dagang: buying and selling; pedagang: merchant
daging
daging: meat
dalam
dalam: in, inside; dalam bahasa Inggris: in English
dalang
dalang: wayang puppet master
dapat
dapat: get, obtain; also "can"; mendapatkan: get hold of
dari
dari: from
dasar
dasar: basic, fundamental; berdasarkan: based on
datang
datang: come, arrive; selamat datang: welcome; mendatangkan: bring; mendatangi: arrive at
daun
daun: leaf
dekat
dekat: near to
delapan
delapan: eight
dengan
dengan: with, by
dengar
dengar, mendengar: hear; mendengarkan: listen to
depan
depan: in front (of), before, next; masa depan: future
desa
desa: village
dewasa
dewasa: adult
di
di: at, in
dibangun
see "bangun"
diberi(kan)
see "beri"
dicampuraduk
see "campuraduk"
didik
didik, mendidik: educate, teach; pendidikan: education
dingin
dingin: cold; mendinginkan: make cold, cool
dipakai
see "pakai"
diri
diri: self
dong
dong: exclamatory word -- "of course", or "you know".
dosen
dosen: university lecturer, professor
dua belas
dua belas: twelve
dua
dua: two
duduk
duduk: sit, sit down; penduduk: inhabitant
dulu
dulu: first, before that
dunia
dunia: world
empat
empat: four
enak
enak: tasty, delicious, enjoyable
enam
enam: six
es
es: ice
gado-gado
gado-gado: Javanese dish made with peanut sauce
gambar
gambar, gambaran: picture
gamelan
gamelan: traditional Indonesian music played with gongs
ganti
ganti: change, exchange
garam
garam: salt
gedung
gedung: hall, building
gelap
gelap: dark
gelas
gelas: glass (for drinking)
gemuk
gemuk: fat
gender
gender: traditional gamelan instrument
gesek
gesek: scratch, friction; alat musik gesek: stringed instrument
gigi
gigi: tooth, teeth
goreng
goreng, menggoreng: fry, fried; nasi goreng: fried rice
gratis
gratis: free, with no charge
gula
gula: sugar
guna
guna, menggunakan: use; berguna: useful
gunung
gunung: mountain; gunung api: volcano
guru
guru: teacher, instructor
habis
habis: all finished, gone, over; menghabiskan: finish off
hadir
hadir, menghadiri: be present at, attend, go to
hafal
hafal, menghafal(kan): learn, know by heart
hal
hal: thing
halaman
halaman: page
hampir
hampir: nearly, almost
hanya
hanya: only
hapus
hapus, menghapuskan: undo, erase, remove
harga
harga, berharga: price, cost
hari
hari: day
harus
harus: must
hasil
hasil: result, outcome
haus
haus: thirsty
helai
helai: counting word for thin sheets (e.g. paper or cloth); sehelai: one (sheet or cloth)
henti
henti, berhenti, menghentikan: stop
hidangan
hidangan: dish, kind of food; menghidangkan: serve, dish out
hidup
hidup: live; kehidupan: life; menghidupkan: switch on, start up
hijau
hijau: green
hilang
hilang, menghilang: be lost, get lost; kehilangan: suffer the loss of
hitam
hitam: black
honda
honda: motorbike
hujan
hujan: rain
hukum
hukum: law
huruf
huruf: letter (of the alphabet)
hutan
hutan: forest, jungle; perhutanan: forestry
ibu
ibu: mother, older woman
ikan
ikan: fish
ikut
ikut, mengikut, mengikuti: go along, follow, join in
ilmu
ilmu: knowledge, science, scientific field
indah
indah: beautiful
Inggris
Inggris (Inggeris): England, English, Britain, British
ingin
ingin: want to
isi
isi, mengisi, pengisian: fill out, complete, fill in
isteri
isteri: wife

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