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Glossary of Ulitmate GRE Vocabulary with Spanish Counterparts

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apogee
n. highest point; the point farthest from the earth

Sp. apogeo
apologist
n. one who writes in defense of a cause or institution
saboteur : disrupt :: apologist : defend
apologist : defend :: anarchist : rebel
disciple : follow :: apologist : defend
heretic : unconformity :: apologist : defend
patron : support :: apologist : defend
apologist <> critic/detractor
Sp. apologista
apostate
n. one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs

Sp. apóstata
apothegm
(apophthegm)
n. pithy, compact sayings
appall
v. dismay; shock deeply
appall <> embolden/nerve
encourage <> appall
Sp. espantar
apocryphal
adj. spurious; not authentic; invented rather than true

Sp. apócrifo
apolitical
adj. having an aversion or lack of concern for political affairs
apoplexy
n. stroke; loss of consciousness caused by too much blood in the brain

Sp. apoplejía
apothecary
n. one who prepares and sells drugs or compounds for medicinal purposes
apothecary : medicine :: butcher : meat
{librarian : book}는 답아님!
Sp. farmacéutico
apotheosis
n. elevation to godhood an ideal example of something

Sp. apoteosis
appease
v. pacify or soothe; relieve
roil <> clarify/appease
vex <> pacify/appease/soothe
appease <> rile

Sp. aplacar
append
v. attach

Sp. añadir
application
n. diligent attention

Sp. aplicación
apposite
adj. apt, relevant, pertinent, germane, appropriate,
proper : apt apposite : relevant :: ??
apposite <> extraneous
Sp. apropiado
appraise
v. estimate value of

Sp. estimar
apparition
n. ghost; phantom
Sp. aparición
antique
n. made in an earlier period and usually valuable
Sp. antigüedad
antiquity
n. quality of being very old; ancient times
Sp. antigüedad
acquiesce
v. assent; agree passively
Sp. consentir
ambivalence
n. simultaneous and contradictory attitudes or feelings (as attraction and repulsion) toward an object, person, or action
ambivalent <> committed
Sp. ambivalencia
accretion
n. accrue, increase, addition, accumilation
Sp. aumento
contingent
adj. conditional, dependent, accidental
Sp. contingente
amnesia
n. loss of money
Sp. amnesia
demigod
n. partly divine being
Sp.
amenable
adj. readily managed or willing to be led; answerable or accountable legally
amenable <> inimical
Sp. favorable
ameliorate
v. improve
ameliorate : promotion :: exacerbate : depravation(=)
ameliorate : improve :: admonish : caution
ameliorate <> aggravate
ameliorate <> exacerbate
damper <> ameliorator
Sp. mejorar
antecede
v. precede
Sp. preceder
antagonism
n. hostility; active resistance
animus <> friendly
Sp. antagonismo
adulterate
v. make impure by adding inferior or tainted substances
Sp. adulterar
remonstrate
v. to present and urge reasons in opposition; expostulate
annotate
v. : to furnish (a literary work) with critical commentary or explanatory notes; gloss
annotate : commentary :: gloss : definition
Sp. comentar
aphorism
n. pithy maxim or saying; short pithy statement of a general truth
brevity : aphorism :: distortion : caricature
euphemism : offensive :: aphorism : diffuse
pithiness : aphorism :: exaggeration : caricature
Sp. aforismo
aplomb
n. poise; assurance : complete and confident composure or self-assurance
trepidation <> aplomb
Sp. aplomo
anodyne
n. drug that relieves pain; opiate
ambrosia
n. food of the gods; divinely sweet, fragrant, or delicious.
Sp. ambrosía
apiary
n. a place where bees are kept
apiary : bee :: cage : pet
Sp. colmenar
amble
n. moving at an easy pace
walk : amble :: talk : chat
walk : amble :: draw : doodle
amble <> step quickly
Sp. ambladura (de un caballo)
altercation
n. noisy quarrel; heated dispute
Sp. altercado
apocalyptic
adj. prophetic; pertating to revelations
apocalyptic : prophetic :: inconsequential : illogical
apocalyptic : prophetic :: inconsequential : irrational
apocalyptic <> inconsequential
Sp. apocalíptico
anonymity
n. state of being nameless;
Sp. anonimato
anomaly
n. irregularity
Sp. anomalía
admonish
v. warn; reprove
admonish : denounce :: punish : pillory(<<)
peccadillo : sin :: admonishment : castigation(<<)
pretense : deceive :: admonition : reprove
alibi : exculpatory :: warning : admonitory
apprise : information :: admonish : warning
Sp. amonestar
inviolate
adj. not violated or profained, pure
pierce : impenetrable :: profane : inviolate
penetrate : impermeable :: profane : inviolable :: comprehend : obscure
inviolable <> profane/impure
Sp. inviolado
amalgamate
v. combine, unite in one body (of societies or groups)
amalgamation : disintegrated :: ??
amalgamate <> separate/isolate/disintegrate
{insulate}답아님
amalgamation <> disintegration
Sp. amalgamar
anoint
v. consecrate
Sp. ungir
infallibility
n. impeccable, perfect; unerring; cannot err
Sp. infalibilidad
inerrant
adj. not deviating from an accepted standard; does not err
poise
n. good judgement with composure; balance
Sp. equilibrio
anomalous
adj. abnormal; irregular
anomaly : paradigmatic :: blemish : flawless(#)
anomalous <> conformity to norms
anomalous <> typical
Sp. anómalo
repudiate
v. : renounce, disown, disclaim, gainsay, disaffirm, disavow; abjure, abnegate, forsake, relinquish, waive :divorse
: to refuse to accept; especially :to reject as unauthorized or as having no binding force
: to reject as untrue or unjust
Sp. repudiar
adorn
v. decorate
Sp. adornar
adroit
adj. skillful (in using mind or hand)
loquacious : succinct :: adroit : ungainly(#)
adroitness : inept :: difficulty : simplicity(#)
adroit <> ungainly
ham-handed <> deft/adroit
Sp. diestro
adulation
n. flattery; admiration
Sp. adulación
amass
v. collect
Sp. amontonar
annuity
n. yearly allowance
Sp. anualidad
altruistic
adj. unselfishly generous, concerned for others
Sp. altruista
annul
v. make void nullify, abolish, abrogate, countermand, revoke, liquidate, rescind, repeal
annul <> make legal
annul <> reaffirm
Sp. anular
adventitious
adj. accidental; cause happening by chance
Sp. adventicio
pejorative
adj. depreciatory
: having negative connotations ; tending to disparage or belittle
: tending to make or become worse
pejorative <> laudatory/meliorative
Sp. peyorativo
amend
v. correct; change, generally for the better
Sp. enmendar
nomenclature
n. terminology of a science
Sp. nomenclatura
subterfuge
n. deception by artifice or stratagem in order to conceal, escape, or evade
subterfuge : deceive :: decantation : pour
Sp. subterfugio
antecedents
n. preceding events or circumstances that influence what comes later;
ancestors or early background
Sp. antecedentes
antediluvian
adj. antiquated; extremely ancient
antediluvian : age :: colossal : size
Sp. antediluviano
amoral
adj. non-moral, having no understanding of right and wrong
Sp. amoral
incomprehensible
adj. no limits, impossible to comprehend, unintelligible
Sp. incomprensible
magisterial
adj. imperious, overbearing, pompous
Sp. magistral
ambulatory
adj. able to walk, not bedridden
ambulatory <> bedridden
Sp. ambulativo
nectar
n. drink of the gods; sweet liquid collected by bees
Sp. néctar
anthem
n. song of praise or patriotism
Sp. himno
adversary
n. opponent; enemy
supplicant : humility :: adversary : resistance
adversary <> ally
Sp. adversario
proto-
n. first
axiom
n. self-evident, established or widely accepted principle
Sp. axioma
synod
n. an ecclesiastical governing assembly or advisory counsel
Sp. sínodo
booty
n. plunder of war
Sp. botín
adversity
adj. unfavorable, hostile
Sp. adversidad
semper reformanda
always reforming
amiable
adj. agreeable; lovable, warmly friendly
inimical <> friendly/amiable/amicable
Sp. amable
adjunct
n. something (generally nonsessential or inferior) added or attached
adjunct <> essential element
Sp. adjunto
abolish
v. cancel; put an end to
Sp. abolir
espouse
v. adopt, support (a cause doctrine)
lurk : concealment :: espouse : marriage(동사:명사)
abjure <> embrace/espouse
Sp. desposar
poplar
n. tree with rapidly growing trunk and tremulous leaves
Sp. álamo
adverse
adj. unfavorable; hostile
Sp. adverso
accommodate
v. oblige to help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt; make enough space for
accommodate : supply :: obliterate : remove(>>)
Sp. alojar
adamant
adj. hard; inflexible
adamant : flexibility :: refractory : control
impossible : execute :: adamant : move
adamant : yield :: cautious : gamble
adamant <> vacillatory/moved
Sp. fireme
anthology
n. book of literary selections by various authors; omnibus
compendium : summary :: anthology : collection(kind)
Sp. antología
anthropomorphic
adj. having human form or characteristics
Sp. antropomórfico
antic
adj. extravagantly odd; characterized by clownish extravagance or absurdity
facetious : speech :: antic : behavior
Sp. grotesco
Finitum non capax infinitum
"The finite cannot grasp (or contain) the infinite."
anticlimax
n. letdown in thought or emotion
Sp. anticlímax
advert
v. to refer incidentally
Sp. referirse
angular
adj. sharp-cornered; stiff in manner
Sp. angular
animadversion
n. critical remark; censure: harsh criticism or disapproval
antidote
n. remedy to counteract a poision or disease
antidote : poisoning :: balm : irritation
antidote : poison :: tonic : lethargy
remedy : disease :: antidote : poisoning
antidote <> intoxication
Sp. antídoto
extol
v. praise enthusiastically
deprecate <> extol
excoriate <> extol/praise lavishly
extol <> censure, despise, vilify, disparage, condemn, impugn, detract, malign
Sp. exaltar
felicity
n. intense happiness
felicity <> misery
Sp. felicidad
theocentric
adj. having God as its center
antipathy
n. aversion; dislike
antipathy <> affection
affinity <> antipathy
Sp. antipatía
antiquated
adj. obsolete; outdated
Sp. anticuado
animated
adj. lively; spirited
Sp. animado
alleviate
v. relieve (pain); relieve, lessen, allay, mitigate, mollify, palliate
abate : tax :: alleviate : distress
alleviate : intensity :: abate : tax
alleviate : strength :: dampen : ardor
alleviate : power :: attenuate : force
alleviate : intensity :: console : grief
alleviate <> intensify
alleviate <> exacerbate
Sp. aliviar
anthropocentric
adj. regarding humankind as the center of existence
Sp. antropocentrico
forthwith
adv. without delay
Sp. inmediatamente
aerie
(aery, eyrie, eyry)
n. nest of a large bird of prey (eagle, hawk)
Sp. nido
abominate
adj. loath; hate violently
abominate <> esteem
Sp. abominable
addle
v. to make inefficient or worthless; muddle
Sp. podrido
adjutant
n. staff officer assisting the commander; assistant
Sp. ayudante
ancestry
n. family descent
Sp. ascendencia
abstinence
v. restraint from eating or drinking
abstinence : drunkenness :: celibacy : promiscuity
Sp. abstenerse
actuarial
adj. calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics
Sp. escribano
amphibian
adj. able to live both on land and in water
eaglet : bird :: fawn : mammal
Sp. anfibio
accoutre
(accouter)
v. to dress or to equip
Sp. equipe
allocate
v. assign
Sp. asignar
allay
v. calm; pacify
allay <> increase the intensity of/ excite/ galvanize/ arouse/ exacerbate
Sp. disipar
abortive
adj. unsuccessful; fruitless
Sp. frustrado
admonity
containing warning
Sp. amonestar
accolade
n. praise approval
accolade <> excoriating remark/ swearword/ cutting remark/ censure
/ reproof/ reprobation/ excoriation/ disapprobation/ criticism/ denigration
/ denunciation/ derogate/ deplore
deplore <> accolade/extol
Sp. elogio
acrid
irritating; sharp and harsh or unpleasantly pungent in taste or odor
acrid : gentleness :: forthright : guile(#)
grating[strident] : sound :: acrid : odor
acrid : odor :: piercing : sound
acrid <> gentle/savory
Sp. acre
allegiance
fidelity, fealty, troth
: devotion or loyalty to a person, group, or cause
authority : pundits :: allegiance : partisans
renegade : allegiance :: apostate : faith
Sp. lealtad
analogous
adj. comparable; similar
Sp. análogo
abide
v. be faithful or endure
Sp. tolerar
amock
(amuck)
adj. in a state of rage
Sp. furioso
alimentary
adj. supplying nourishment
Sp. alimenticio
abyss
n. enormous chasm, vast, bottomless pit
Sp. abismo
abominable
adj. detestable, extremely unpleasant; very bad
Sp. abominable
acuity
n. sharpness (of mind or senses or sight or hearing)
Sp. agudeza
accord
n. agreement
Sp. acuerdo
acrophobia
n. fear of heights
Sp. acrofobia
accrue
v. come about by addition
Sp. acumular
acclaim
v. applaud; praise; greet wit great approval
Sp. aclamar
anachronism
n. something or someone misplaced in time
Sp. anacronismo
amputate
v. cut off part of the body; prune
Sp. amputar
academic
adj. relating to school; not practically or directly useful
Sp. académico
adjacent
adj. adjoining; neighboring; close by
Sp. adyacente
analgesia
adj. condition of being unable to feel pain
Sp. analgesia
absolute
adj. complete, totally unlimited, certain
Sp. absoluto
allure
v. entice; attract, tempt
Sp. seductor
anemia
n. condtion in which blood lacks red corpuscles
Sp. anemia
affront
n. insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect
Sp. afrenta
acarpous
adj. effete, no longer fertile, worn out
Sp. agotado
acknowledge
v. recognize, admit
Sp. reconocer
abusive
adj. coarsely insultling; physically harmful
Sp. insultante
abase
v. lower, degrade, humiliate
debase, degrade
vitiate <> strengthen/fortify
Sp. humillarse
earmark
n. set aside (money or time) for a particular purpose
earmark: funds :: schedule : time
Sp. destinar
accessory
n. additional object; useful but not essential thing
accessory <> of primarily importance
Sp. accesorio
alchemy
n. medieval chemistry, : a power or process of transforming something common into something special
astrology : astronomy :: alchemy : chemistry :: false drug : treatment
alchemy : science :: nostrum : remedy
Sp. alquimia
acme
n. peak; pinnacle; highest point; zenith
vagary : predict :: acme : surpass :: impossibility : execute
acme : mountain :: crest : wave
acme <> nadir
Sp. cumber
affidavit
n. written statement made under oath
affidavit : statement :: wedding : ceremony
Sp. declaración jurada
allusion
n. indirect reference
Sp. alusión
acute
adj. quickly perceptive; keen; brief & severe
fatuous <> acute/astute/sagacious
Sp. agudo
alloy (n.)
n. a mixture of metals
Sp. aleación
agitate
v. stir up; disturb
impassive : perturb :: voracious : satisfy
stoic : perturb :: avaricious : satisfy
perturbation <> serenity/equanimity
Sp. agitar
anesthetic
n. substance that removes sensation w/ or w/o loss of consciousness
analgesic : pain :: anesthetic : sensation
aseptic : disinfections :: anesthetic : numbs
pain : analgesic :: sensation : anesthetic
soporific : alert :: anesthetic : pain
sensation <> anesthesia
Sp. anestésico
aberrant
adj. abnormal, deviant
aberration : course :: digression : theme
aberrant : standard :: digressive : topic
aberrant <> typical/normal
Sp. aberrante
accessible
adj. easy to approach; obtainable
abstruse <> accessible/patent
Sp. accesible
acrimonious
adj. bitter in words or manner
uninformative : knowledge :: acrimonious : goodwill
acrimonious <> harmonious
Sp. mordaz
analgesic
adj. causing insensitivity to pain
analgesic : pain :: anesthetic : sensation
aseptic : disinfections :: anesthetic : numbs
pain : analgesic :: sensation : anesthetic
pain : analgesic :: symptom : palliative
analgesia : pain :: simplification : complexity(#)
tonic : invigorate :: analgesic : deaden
Sp. analgesia
abscission
n. removal by cutting off, as in surgery; separation
abscission <> process of grafting
Sp. abscisión
abdicate
v. renounce, give up, giving up control authority
recant : belief :: abdicate : throne :: resign : office
abdicate <> constitute/assume/usurp
Sp. abdicar
acumen
n. mental keenness; sharpness of judgment
alacrity : prompt :: acumen : shrewd
acumen <> obtuseness
Sp. sagacidad
abstain
v. refrain, withhold from participation
mandatory : comply :: forbidden : abstain
Sp. abstenerse
siren
n. apparatus for making sounds; woman like creature
siren : irresitible :: juggernaut : unstoppable
siren : heard :: beacon : seen
siren : sound :: beacon : light
Sp. sirena
adulteration
v. making impure; poorer in quality
adult : child :: cat : kitten
embellish : austere :: adulterate : pure :: bolster[brace] : weak
stickler : approximation :: purist : adulteration demand : satisfied :: dismantle : united :: adulterate : pristine
adulterate : purity :: enervate : vigor
Sp. adulteración
amulet
n. charm; talisman
amulet : evil :: helmet : injury
Sp. amuleto
adapt
v. alter; modify
adapt <> remain unchanged
adaptable <> unchangeable
Sp. adaptar
affected
adj. artificial; pretended; assumed in order to impress
posturer : unaffected :: bigot : tolerant
disaffected : contentment :: dubious : commitment[conviction]
officious : meddle :: disaffected : rebel
disaffected <> content/contented
affected <> natural
Sp. afectado
agape
adj. openmouthed
Sp. ágape
ablution
n. washings
Sp. ablución
affirmation
n. positive assertion, solemn pledge, confirmation
Sp. afirmación
affinity
n. kinship, similarity
affinity <> antipathy/aversion/hideousness
affinity <> repugnance
Sp. afinidad
acoustics
n. science of sound; quality that makes a room easy or hard to hear
Sp. acústica
aggregate
v. gather; accumulate
coalesce <> disaggregate
disaggregate/disintegrate <> join together
aggregate <> isolated units/ disperse
Sp. agregado
aloof
adj. apart, reserved
politic : offend :: aloof : associate
aloof <> having affinity
gregarious <> aloof
Sp. distante
abeyance
n. suspended action
abeyance <> continuance
Sp. estar suspendido
abut
v. border on
contiguous : abut :: simultaneous : coincide
Sp. lindar
agglomeration
n. collection; heap
Sp. aglomeración
representational
n. (of a style or art) showing things as they actually appear in real life
Sp. representaciónal
aloft
adv. upward, high up in the sky
founder <> stay aloft
groundedly <> aloft
Sp. en el aire
ancillary
adj. serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary
ancillary <> paramount
Sp. ancilar
abysmal
adj. bottomelss extreme
Sp. pésimo
alienate
v. make hostle, separate
Sp. alienar
accelerate
v. move faster
Sp. acelerar
alloy (v.)
v. mix; make less pure; lessen or moderate
alloy : purity :: thin : density
Sp. combinar
actuary
n. an officer, as of an insurance company, who calculates and states the risks and premiums.
Sp. escribano
acquittal
n. discharge from accusation by judicial action.
Sp. absolver
amorphous
adj. formless; lacking shape or definition
amorphous : shape :: errant : course
amorphousness : definition :: lassitude : energy
amorphous : shape :: equivocal : meaning
Sp. amorfo
abject
adj. wretched; lacking pride,
servile, spiritless : cast down in spirit
abject <> exultant/spirited/exciting
Sp. abyecto
amplify
v. broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make stronger
mute <> amplify
Sp. amplificar
acerbity
n. bitterness of speech and temper
Sp. acerbidad
amorous
adj. moved by sexual love; loving
Sp. amoroso
abscond
v. to go away suddenly, (to avoid arrest); depart secretly and hide
abscond : depart[leave] :: pilfer[sneak,steal] : take :: eavesdrop : listen
:: shadow : follow :: secrete : store :: lurk : wait :: purloin : appropriate
Sp. fugarse
affluence
n. abundance; wealth
Sp. prosperidad
adept
adj. expert at; thoroughly proficient
complaisance : intractable :: adeptness : maladroit
adept <> bungling
Sp. experto
merit
n. good quality deserving praise; merits; aspect of character of behavior deserving approval or disapproval
Sp. mérito
biting
adj. sharply painful to the body of mind
Sp. cortante
earn
v. gain for the performance of service or labor; gain (something that one deserves); deserve
Sp. ganar
accomplice
n. partner in crime
Sp. cómplice
abraded
adj. rubbed off, worn away, by friction
Sp. desgastar
alcove
n. nook; recess, especially in the wall of a room
Sp. hueco
abhor
v. to hate or destest
abhorrence : dislike :: adoration : fondness
abhor <> greatly admire
Sp. detestar
agog
adj. highly excited; intensley curious
Sp. curiosidad
alacrity
n. cheerful promptness; eagerness
husbandry : dissipate :: alacrity : procrastinate(#)
alacrity : prompt :: acumen : shrewd
alacrity : apathetic :: temerity : timid
alacrity <> dilatoriness/hesitancy/sluggishness recalcitrance
Sp. diligencia
absolve
v.to pardon or overlook voluntarily; especially : to treat as if trivial, harmless, or of no importance
condone <> denounce/exact
absolve/exculpate <> inculpate/indict/incriminate
Sp. absolver
actuate
v. motivate; activate; cause to act
Sp. actuar
abrogate
v. repeal or annul by authority
abrogate/forsake/impugn/prostrate <> uphold
abrogate <> embrace/institute
Sp. abrogue
acerbic
adj. bitter our sour in nature, sharp and cutting
acerbic <> sweet
acerbity <> saccharine
Sp. acerbidad
abstemious
adj. sparing in eating or drinking; temperate
reticent : talk :: abstemious : indulge[gorge] :: austere : decorate
:: intransigent : control
abstinent <> indulging/intemperate/gluttonous
reticent : talk :: abstemious : indulge[gorge] :: austere : decorate
:: intransigent : control
abstinent <> indulging/intemperate/gluttonous
Sp. abstemio
affliation
n. joining; association with
affiliation <> dissociation
Sp. afiliación
adage
n. wise saying, proverb
Sp. proverbio
acidulous
adj. slightly sour; sharp, caustic
Sp. acidulado
abstract
adj. theoretical, not concrete; nonrepresentational
abstract <> elaborate
abstraction <> attention abstraction : absent-mindedness, inattention, pensiveness, remoteness
Sp. abstracto
aesthetic
adj. artistic, dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful
aesthetics : beauty :: epistemology : knowledge
gourmet : food :: aesthetic : art
philistine <> aesthete
Sp. estético
agenda
n. items of business at a meeting
curriculum : class :: menu : dish
program : concert :: repertoire : performance :: manifest : cargo
:: itinerary : travel :: curriculum : course :: agenda : meeting
minute : agenda :: log : itinerary
Sp. orden del día, agenda
anchor
v. secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place
Sp. ancla
alias
n. an assumed name
Sp. alias
aghast
adj. horrified; dumbfounded
Sp. aterrado
bitter
adj. having a sharp bitting taste
Sp. amargo
affliction
n. state of distress; cause of suffering
Sp. aflicción
addiction
n. compulsive, habitual need.
Sp. adicción
agnostic
n. one who is skeptical of the existence of a god or any ultimate reality
Sp. agnóstico
accede
v. agree
accede <> oppose/demur
Sp. acceder
demerit
n. fault; bad quality
Sp. demérito
anecdote
n. short account of an amusing or interesting event
anecdote : amusement :: lecture : instruction
anecdote : story :: skit : play
skit : play :: anecdote : narrative
Sp. anécdota
analogy
n. similarity; parallelism
disparate <> analogous
Sp. analogía
alimony
n. payments made to an ex-spouse after divorce
Sp. alimenticia
anathema
n. solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse
anathema <> panegyric/blessing
Sp. anatema
affix
v. attach or add on; fasten; notice
Sp. fijar
anarchy
n. absence of governing body; state of disorder
Sp. anarquía
abacus
n. a frame with balls for counting
abacus : calculate :: balance : weigh :: sextant : navigate
abacus : calculated :: balance : weighed
Sp. ábaco
hardihood
n. boldness; daring; foolish daring

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