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Glossary of TextilesMemorization

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Least Used System, (Wetlaid,Drylaid,Spunlaid)
Wetlaid
Carded and airlaid methods
(Wetlaid,Drylaid,Spunlaid)
Drylaid
Formed by blowing thermoplastic fibers onto a collection surface as the fibers are being extruded.(Wetlaid,Drylaid,Spunlaid)
Spunlaid
Structure is found by having the fibers manipulated while in a dry state. (Wetlaid,Drylaid,Spunlaid)
Drylaid
Formed by having fibers manipulated while in a wet state.(Wetlaid,Drylaid,Spunlaid)
Wetlaid
Most Used System. (Wetlaid,Drylaid,Spunlaid)
Drylaid
Number of slots per inch. (Cut or Gage)
Cut
Needles of slots per inch. (Cut or Gage)
G
Reflects the fineness and coarseness of knitted cloth.(Cut or Gage)
Gage
Higher the cut, the more closely knit a fabric can be made.(Cut or Gage)
Cut
Knit stitches on face, purl stitches on the back (Jersey, Rib, Purl)
Jersey
Wales predominate of face and back;knit stitches only in same wale, purl stitches only in same wale.(Jersey, Rib, Purl)
Rib
Lowest machine productivity.(Jersey, Rib, Purl)
Purl
Definite face and back.(Jersey, Rib, Purl)
Jersey
Ex:infant wear,fancy garment parts.(Jersey, Rib, Purl)
Purl
May be reversible.(Jersey, Rib, Purl)
Rib
Stretches approximately equally in length and width.(Jersey, Rib, Purl)
Jersey
Greater stretch in width.(Jersey, Rib, Purl)
Rib
Coursed predominate on face and back;knit and purl stitches in same wale. (Jersey, Rib, Purl)
Purl
Highest machine productivity.(Jersey, Rib, Purl)
Rib
Next Highest machine productivity. (Jersey, Rib, Purl)
Rib
EX: hosiery pantyhose,tshirts,sweaters.(Jersey, Rib, Purl)
Jersey
Examples: cuffs, interlock dresses and socks(Jersey, Rib, Purl)
Rib
Design that contains simple geometric forms or motifs.(dobby pattern, jacquard pattern, clip-spot pattern)
Dobby Pattern
Extra yarns interlace in the fabric to make a simple design and then float until the yarns again interlace to repeat the pattern. (dobby pattern, jacquard pattern, clip-spot pattern)
Clip-Spot pattern
Very detailed, intricate motifs.(dobby pattern, jacquard pattern, clip-spot pattern)
Jacquard pattern
Slower than others and more expensive. (dobby pattern, jacquard pattern, clip-spot pattern)
Jacquard Pattern
Short Lengths.
(Spun or Filament)
Spun
Identify by untwisting the yarn so that all fibers are parallel and by then pulling slightly, so the yarn comes apart without breaking.(Spun or Filament)
Spun
Composed of continuous strands of fiber that may be miles long. (Spun or Filament)
Filament
Relatively short lengths of fiber twisted or spun.(Spun or Filament)
Spun
Produced directly from a spinnerette.(Spun or Filament)
Filament
Longer fibers are stronger, more uniform, and more lustrous.(Spun or Filament)
Spun
Identify by untwisting and pulled, the fibers remain parallel and the yarn does not come apart. (Spun or Filament)
Filament
Consist of natural and manufactured fibers.(Spun or Filament)
Spun
Composed only of manufactured fibers or silk. (Spun or Filament)
Filament
Generally smoother and more lustrous. (Filament yarn properties, or spun yarn properties)
Filament yarn properties
if the yarn breaks then some of the fibers will just slide away from each other.(Filament yarn properties, or spun yarn properties)
Spun Yarn properties
same number are present at every point along the yarn.(Filament yarn properties, or spun yarn properties)
Filament yarn properties
surface is slightly fuzzed.(Filament yarn properties, or spun yarn properties)
Spun yarn properties
Less smooth.(Filament yarn properties, or spun yarn properties)
Spun yarn properties
More uniform in diameter.(Filament yarn properties, or spun yarn properties)
Filament Yarn Properties
Duller.(Filament yarn properties, or spun yarn properties)
Spun yarn properties
If the yarn breaks then every fiber in the yarn will break.(Filament yarn properties, or spun yarn properties)
Filament yarn properties
Fuzzier. (Woolen or Worsted)
woolen
Made of combed yarns.(Woolen or Worsted)
Worsted
Made of carded yarns.(Woolen or Worsted)
Woolen
Made smooth with little fuzz.(Woolen or Worsted)
Worsted
Tweed is an example of this type. (Woolen or Worsted)
Woolen
Have even diameter, is more tightly twisted and firmer.(Woolen or Worsted)
Worsted
Has a more uneven diameter.(Woolen or Worsted)
Woolen
Bulkier with a wide range of fiber lengths.(Woolen or Worsted)
Woolen
Noted for making fabrics that feel soft.(Ring spinning, Open-end spinning, air-jet spinning)
Ring spinning
Vortex spinning.(Ring spinning, Open-end spinning, air-jet spinning)
Air jet spinning
Produce spun yarns.(Ring spinning, Open-end spinning, air-jet spinning)
Open-end Spinning
Mostly widely used method.(Ring spinning, Open-end spinning, air-jet spinning)
Ring spinning
Higher rates of production.(Ring spinning, Open-end spinning, air-jet spinning)
Open end spinning
Compressed air to aid in the process.(Ring spinning, Open-end spinning, air-jet spinning)
Air-jet spinning
Carded to bring them to a more parallel position and bundled into a loosely formed rope about one inch in diameter.(Ring spinning, Open-end spinning, air-jet spinning)
Ring spinning
Savings in space and power requirements.(Ring spinning, Open-end spinning, air-jet spinning)
Open-end spinning
Can produce uniform yarns to more complex novelty yarns.(Ring spinning, Open-end spinning, air-jet spinning)
Ring spinning
very fast with production twice to 20 times faster than other methods.(Ring spinning, Open-end spinning, air-jet spinning)
air-jet spinning
produces yarns with the softest hand available.(Ring spinning, Open-end spinning, air-jet spinning)
Ring Spinning
Better regularity and uniformity.(Ring spinning, Open-end spinning, air-jet spinning)
Open end spinning
End use:t-shirts and hosiery.(Ring spinning, Open-end spinning, air-jet spinning)
Ring Spinning
One end of the fiber is pushed toward the center of the yarn and the other end to the outside to wind around other fibers.(Ring spinning, Open-end spinning, air-jet spinning)
Air-jet spinning
Improved abrasion resistance,absorption, and distribution of fibers in blends.(Ring spinning, Open-end spinning, air-jet spinning)
Open-end spinning
Less uniform and limited to coarse yarn sizes.(Ring spinning, Open-end spinning, air-jet spinning)
Air-jet spinning
Exhibit fewer pills and do not show wear easily.(Ring spinning, Open-end spinning, air-jet spinning)
Air-jet spinning

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