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Glossary of Spark Vocab Full

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abase
to humiliate, degrade
abate
to reduce, lessen
abdicate
to give up a position, usually one of leadership
abduct
to kidnap, take by force
aberration
something that differs from the norm
abet
to aid, help, encourage
abhor
to hate, detest
abide
to put up with, to remain
abject
wretched, pitiful
abjure
to reject, renounce
abnegation
denial of comfort to oneself
abrogate
to abolish, usually by authority
abscond
to sneak away and hide
absolution
freedom from blame, guilt, sin
abstain
to freely choose not to commit an action
abstruse
hard to comprehend
accede
to agree
accentuate
to stress, highlight
accessible
obtainable, reachable
acclaim
high praise
accolade
high praise, special distinction
accommodating
helpful, obliging, polite
accord
an agreement
accost
to confront verbally
accretion
slow growth in size or amount
acerbic
biting, bitter in tone or taste
acquiesce
to agree without protesting
acrimony
bitterness, discord
acumen
keen insight
acute
sharp, severe, having keen insight
adamant
impervious, immovable, unyielding
adept
extremely skilled
adhere
to stick to something, to follow devoutly
admonish
to caution, criticize, reprove
adorn
to decorate
adroit
skillful, dexterous
adulation
extreme praise
adumbrate
to sketch out in a vague way
adverse
antagonistic, unfavorable, dangerous
affable
friendly, amiable
affinity
a spontaneous feeling of closeness
affluent
rich, wealthy
affront
an insult
aggrandize
to increase or make greater
aggregate
a whole or total, to gather into a mass
aggrieved
distressed, wronged, injured
agile
quick, nimble
agnostic
believing that the existence of God cannot be proven or disproven
alacrity
eagerness, speed
allay
to soothe, ease
allege
to assert, usually without proof
alleviate
to relieve, make more bearable
aloof
reserved, distant
altercation
a dispute, fight
amalgamate
to bring together, unite
ambivalent
having opposing feelings
ameliorate
to improve
amenable
willing, compliant
amenity
an item that increases comfort
amiable
friendly
amicable
friendly
amorous
showing love, particularly sexual
amorphous
without definite shape or type
anachronistic
being out of correct chronological order
analgesic
something that reduces pain
analogous
similar to, so that an analogy can be drawn
anarchist
one who wants to eliminate all government
anathema
a cursed, detested person Vocabulary
anecdote
a short, humorous account
anesthesia
loss of sensation
anguish
extreme sadness, torment
animated
lively
annex
to incorporate territory or space ,a room attached to a larger room or space
annul
to make void or invalid
anomaly
something that does not fit into the normal order
antagonism
hostility
antecedent
something that came before
antediluvian
ancient
anthology
a selected collection of writings, songs, etc.
antipathy
a strong dislike, repugnance
antiquated
old, out of date
antiseptic
clean, sterile
antithesis
the absolute opposite
anxiety
intense uneasiness
apathetic
lacking concern, emotion
apocryphal
fictitious, false, wrong
appalling
inspiring shock, horror, disgust
appease
to calm, satisfy
appraise
to assess the worth or value of
apprehend
to seize, arrest , to perceive, understand, grasp
approbation
praise
appropriate
to take, make use of
aquatic
relating to water
arable
suitable for growing crops
arbiter
one who can resolve a dispute, make a decision
arbitration
the process or act of resolving a dispute
arboreal
of or relating to trees Vocabulary
arcane
obscure, secret, known only by a few
archaic
of or relating to an earlier period in time, outdated
archetypal
the most representative or typical example of something
ardor
extreme vigor, energy, enthusiasm
arid
excessively dry
arrogate
to take without justification
artifact
a remaining piece from an extinct culture or place
artisan
a craftsman
ascertain
to perceive, learn
ascetic
practicing restraint as a means of self-discipline, usually religious
ascribe
to assign, credit, attribute to
aspersion
a curse, expression of ill-will
aspire
to long for, aim toward
assail
to attack
assess
to evaluate
assiduous
hard-working, diligent
assuage
to ease, pacify
astute
very clever, crafty
asylum
a place of refuge, protection, a sanctuary, an institution in which the insane are kept
atone
to repent, make amends
atrophy
to wither away, decay
attain
to achieve, arrive at
attribute
to credit, assign ,a facet or trait
atypical
not typical, unusual
audacious
excessively bold
audible
able to be heard
augment
to add to, expand
auspicious
favorable, indicative of good things
austere
very bare, bleak
avarice
excessive greed
avenge
to seek revenge
aversion
a particular dislike for something
balk
to stop, block abruptly
ballad
a love song
banal
dull, commonplace
bane
a burden
bard
a poet, often a singer as well
bashful
shy, excessively timid
battery
assault, beating
beguile
to trick, deceive
behemoth
something of tremendous power or size
benevolent
marked by goodness or doing good
benign
favorable, not threatening, mild
bequeath
to pass on, give
berate
to scold vehemently
bereft
devoid of, without
beseech
to beg, plead, implore
bilk
cheat, defraud
blandish
to coax by using flattery
blemish
an imperfection, flaw
blight
a plague, disease, something that destroys hope
boisterous
loud and full of energy
bombastic
excessively confident, pompous
boon
a gift or blessing
bourgeois
a middle-class person, capitalist
brazen
excessively bold, brash
brusque
short, abrupt, dismissive
buffet
to strike with force
burnish
to polish, shine
buttress
to support, hold up, something that offers support
cacophony
tremendous noise, disharmonious sound
cadence
a rhythm, progression of sound
cajole
to urge, coax
calamity
an event with disastrous consequences
calibrate
to set, standardize
callous
harsh, cold, unfeeling
calumny
an attempt to spoil someone else’s reputation by spreading lies
camaraderie
brotherhood, jovial unity
candor
honesty, frankness
canny
shrewd, careful
canvas
to cover, inspect
capacious
very spacious
capitulate
to surrender
capricious
subject to whim, fickle
captivate
to get the attention of, hold
carouse
to party, celebrate
carp
to annoy, pester
catalyze
to charge, inspire
caucus
a meeting usually held by people working toward the same goal
caustic
bitter, biting, acidic
cavort
to leap about, behave boisterously
censure
harsh criticism, to rebuke formally
cerebral
related to the intellect
chaos
absolute disorder
chastise
to criticize severely
cherish
to feel or show affection toward something
chide
to voice disapproval
choreography
the arrangement of dances
chronicle
a written history , to write a history
chronological
arranged in order of time SAT Vocabulary
circuitous
roundabout
circumlocution
indirect and wordy language
circumscribed
marked off, bounded
circumspect
cautious
circumvent
to get around
clairvoyant
able to perceive things that normal people cannot
clamor
loud noise ,to loudly insist
clandestine
secret
cleave
to divide into parts, to stick together firmly
clemency
mercy
clergy
members of Christian holy orders
cloying
sickeningly sweet
coagulate
to thicken, clot
coalesce
to fuse into a whole
cobbler
a person who makes or repairs shoes
coerce
to make somebody do something by force or threat
cogent
intellectually convincing
cognizant
aware, mindful
coherent
logically consistent, intelligible
colloquial
characteristic of informal conversation
collusion
secret agreement, conspiracy
colossus
a gigantic statue or thing
combustion
the act or process of burning
commendation
a notice of approval or recognition
commensurate
corresponding in size or amount
commodious
roomy
compelling
forceful, demanding attention
compensate
to make an appropriate payment for something
complacency
self-satisfied ignorance of danger
complement
to complete, make perfect
compliant
ready to adapt oneself to another’s wishes
complicit
being an accomplice in a wrongful act
compliment
an expression of esteem or approval
compunction
distress caused by feeling guilty
conciliatory
friendly, agreeable
concomitant
accompanying in a subordinate fashion
concord
harmonious agreement
condolence
an expression of sympathy in sorrow
condone
to pardon, deliberately overlook
conduit
a pipe or channel through which something passes
confection
a sweet, fancy food
confidant
a person entrusted with secrets
conflagration
great fire
confluence
a gathering together
conformist
one who behaves the same as others
confound
to frustrate, confuse
congeal
to thicken into a solid
congenial
pleasantly agreeable
congregation
a gathering of people, especially for religious services
congruity
the quality of being in agreement
connive
to plot, scheme
consecrate
to dedicate something to a holy purpose
consensus
an agreement of opinion
consign
to give something over to another’s care
consolation
an act of comforting
consonant
in harmony
constituent
an essential part
constrain
to forcibly restrict
construe
to interpret
consummate
to complete a deal
consumption
the act of consuming
contemporaneous
existing during the same time
contentious
having a tendency to quarrel or dispute

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