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Glossary of Social Problems II Midterm

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TEENAGE SUICIDE

Durkheim believes suicide rates are ___________.

Social Facts
TEENAGE SUICIDE

True or False
The suicide rate in Ontario (that we studied) is much higher for males than females.


True.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

True or False
Teen suicide rate (that we studied) decreased rapidly between 1950 and 1960.


False.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

Historical analysis reveals teenage suicide to be a _______ _______.

Social Invention.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

Given it\'s unnatural quality, teen inhabiting this role are susceptible to the \"anomie\" of existence. What does anomie mean?

Individuals and/or Society are characterized by a breakdown and there is an absence of social norms.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

What are the two distinct developmental stages of the human life cycle?

1. Biological Children (cannot reproduce)
2. Biological Adults (can reproduce)
TEENAGE SUICIDE

What are the two developmental stages of life divided by?

A very short period of time called puberty.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

What are Tribal Societies characterized by?

Elaborate ceremonial rituals (rites of passage) that occur at puberty.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

What is the purpose of rites of passage in Tribal Societies?

To socially move individuals from childhood to adulthood and transform both their individual and social identity.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

True or False
Post-Industrial Societies possess an apprenticeship system whereby individuals become master craftsmen.


False.
This happens in PRE-Industrial Societies.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

Apprenticeship happens at the stage of ________.

Puberty.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

In Middle Industrial societies individuals go to work
A. Shortly before puberty
B. During Puberty
C. Shortly after puberty




C. Shortly after puberty.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

Social Organization is based on the _____ _____ _______.

Biological Developmental Stages.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

________ is a social stage that does not correspond with biological developmental stages.

Adolesence.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

_____ is imposed on biology; it is artificial and has no biological meaning.

Adolesence.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

True or False
Teenagers are a recent social invention.


True.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

Adolesence is a period of ______ _______.

Social Dependancy. (Represents the extension of the biologically dependant period of childhood into early adulthood.)
TEENAGE SUICIDE

Hence, teens may be defined as biological ____, but socially treated as biological ______.

Adults.
Children.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

Adolesence is a period of maturationally __________ development.

Meaningless.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

_____ _______ and ______ _____ are reproduced as dominant themes within teen subculture.

Social Dependancy.
Meaningless Development.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

Social Dependancy, True or False.
Compelled Dependancy engenders protest and rebellion against those being dependant.


False.
It engenders protest and rebellion against those imposing the dependancy.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

Meaningless development encourages the ______ ___ ______, for self, as a response to ________.

Search for identity.
Meaninglessness.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

Adolescents have an overweening _____-_______ and ______. So they search for meaning.

Self-Centeredness.
Selfishness.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

What are the 4 factors responsible for the invention of adolesence?

1. demographics
2. education
3. the long boom
4. mass media


TEENAGE SUICIDE

The baby boom resulted in this age group representing a disproportionate share of the population. What is the word to describe this?

Demographics.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

By historical standards, even longer periods of time are spent in ______, because of economic dependance.

Education.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

The _____ _____ provided the economic means for this group to be an \"economic demographic\" to which special \"commodities of identity\" could be marketed.

Long Boom.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

The development of the Mass Media did what to adolescents?

Spread around the cultural commodities of identity so that advertisers could market to them.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

The appearance of teens is dated to the __________.

Late 1950s to early 1960s.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

The themes structuring teen culture render its members to the questions of the ______ __ _________.

Meaning of existence.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

True or False.
Imposed dependancy causes external adult control on the range of answers to teenagers meaning of existence.


True.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

True or False.
It is not through generational protest that answers to the meaning of life are sought.


False.
It is through generational protest.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

Generational protest seems fertile ground for ________.

Suicide.
TEENAGE SUICIDE

Which two factors increase the severity of the combined consequences of meaninglessness and protest?

1. The significance of peer groups.
2. The In/Out group division that marginalizes some peers.
DURKHEIM\'S SUICIDE

Durkheim studied suicide as a ______ ________.

Social activity.
DURKHEIM\'S SUICIDE

He thought that suicide reflected the ____ _ ______ within which it occurred.

Nature of Society.
DURKHEIM\'S SUICIDE

True or False.
To study suicide as a social activity, he studied individual suicide.


False.
He studied not individual suicide, but suicide rates.
DURKHEIM\'S SUICIDE

He called suicide rates ____ ____ because they indicated something about the society that gives rise to them.

Social Facts.
DURKHEIM\'S SUICIDE

Suicide rates as a social fact is a measure of that _____.

Society.
DURKHEIM\'S SUICIDE

Name 3 types of social facts.

1. Suicide
2. Divorce
3. Crime Rates

DURKHEIMS SUICIDE

Durkheim argued that suicide rates are a measure of what?

The solidarity of the society or social group.
DURKHEIMS SUICIDE

True or False.
High social solidarity means high suicide rates.


False.
High social solidarity means low suicide rates.
DURKHEIMS SUICIDE

True or False.
Low social solidarity means high suicide rates.


True.
DURKHEIMS SUICIDE

Social solidarity is comprised of what two dimensions?

1. The extent to which there is solidary social relations characterizing the social group.
DURKHEIMS SUICIDE

True or False.
Integrated Individual + Solidary Group = Lo rate Suicide.


True
DURKHEIMS SUICIDE

Disintegrated Individual + Disorganized Group = ?

Anomic Suicide. (Anomie)
DURKHEIMS SUICIDE

Disintegrated Individual + Solidary Group = ?



Egoistic Suicide. (Self Centered)
DURKHEIMS SUICIDE

Commiting suicide when the group culture declares it appropriate (or even mandatory) under specific circumstances. Defines what type of suicide?

Altruistic Suicide.
DURKHEIMS SUICIDE

Members of the group commit suicide because they are so _____ into membership of the group. In these cultures the _____ is more important than the _____.

Integrated.
Group.
Individual.

DURKHEIMS SUICIDE

True or False.
Western Cultures are very individualistic, the individual is more important than the group.


True.
DURKHEIMS SUICIDE

What are 4 examples of altruistic suicide?

1. terrorists
2. suicide bombers
3. kamikaze pilots
4. old and infirm in hunter-gather societies


DURKHEIMS SUICIDE

The essential quality characterizing this type of suicide is very rapid and dramatic social change.

Anomic Suicide.
DURKHEIMS SUICIDE

Large scale social change can _______ the groups themselves, resulting in the loss of ______ _______. (Anomic Suicide)

Disorganize.
Social Solidarity.
DURKHEIMS SUICIDE

What is one example of anomic suicide?

Members of cultures that have been disorganized by colonization.
DURKHEIMS SUICIDE

This type of suicide is characteristic of Western cultures which emphasize inidividualism.

Egoistic Suicide.
DURKHEIMS SUICIDE

What is a social isolate, when it comes to egoistic suicide?

An individual who is not well integrated into a social group, no matter how solidary the group may be.
DURKHEIMS SUICIDE

What are 2 examples of egoistic suicide?

1. Divorced people have higher suicide rates than married people.

2. Protestants have higher suicide rates than Catholics.

DURKHEIMS SUICIDE

Which type of suicide is characteristic of Western society? Our social organization tends to give rise to some individuals who are isolated.

Egoistic Suicide.
DURKHEIMS SUICIDE

If an individual is not well integrated into a social group, their everyday life may feel...

Hopeless and Futile.
LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

Altruistic suicide is a measure of the power of the ______ over the ______. This is common in ______ societies.

Collective over the Individual.
Asian societies.
LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

______ suicide is a measure of the power of the individual over the collective. ______ society promotes individualism.

Egoistic.
Liberal.
LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

The _______ is the central institution in _____ society as it provides for the realization of the liberal ideal of freedom.





Market.
Liberal.
LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

The Market provides the social forum where individuals ______ make their ______. They compete with individuals who have done similar.

Freely.
Choice.
LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

Those who win in the market ______ their choices. Those who lose make lesser choices. This is called ________.

Realize.
Freedom of Choice.
LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

While some are successful, others will fail. Liberalism declares this acceptable as long as the competition is _____. We call this ________.

Fair.
Equality of Opportunity.
LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

What is an example of equality of opportunity?

The Competition to get into a certain University.
LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

What are the 2 cornerstones of liberalism? Making the very essence of liberalism ______.

Freedom of choice and Equality of Opportunity.
Competitive Individualism.
LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

What are the 4 examples of the extension?

1. Education
2. Politics
3. Love
4. Personal Identity


LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

_____ is systems of evaluation which induce competitive relations among students.

Education.
LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

_______ is purveying of personality instead of substance; discovery and marketing of character flaws of opponents.

Politics.
LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

_______ is marketing of physical attributes in the competition to attract others (note transition from arranged marriages to romantic love.)

Love.
LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

________ is the most recent manisfestation, especially characteristic of the \"me\" decade (1980s).

Personal Identity.
LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

People realize their _________ ______, their very sense of self in the context of the ______ _______.

Individual Freedom.
Competitive Market.
LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

What are the first 2 points of the competitive market?

1. The possibility of failure; the success of one relies on the failure of others.
LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

What are the last 2 points of the competitive market?

1. Individuals require the power to consume, to be free and simply \"to be\"

2. Failure limits consumption and therefore limits freedom and self-actualization

LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

What is the result of the competitive market?

Commodity Fetishism; individuals define themselves by the commodities they consume and compete with others. (Individuals are consumed as well.)
LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

Define Liberty, Equality and Fraternity.

Liberty - Freedom of Choice

Equality - Equality of Opportunity

Fraternity - the human \"need\" to be members of groups and to have social interaction



LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

What is the dilemma with Liberty, Equality and Fraternity

The first two weakens or destroys the third. Individuals need fraternity, so that causes fluctuation between self and others.
LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

Teenagers status is defined by the combination of ________ with ___________.

Biological Meaninglessness and Social Dependency.
LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

Adolescence is a period of psychological turmoil, of the search for _______ in the context of _________.

Identity.
Dependence.
LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

What are the 2 means by which adolescents search for their identity

1. Peer groups (results in a conformity of peer norms)

2. The styles of consumption on which teen groups are founded. (Teens became a distinct group to which products were marketed.)

LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

Adolescents search for identity takes place in the social context of ________.

Competitive Individualism - while some succeed, others fail.
LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

__________ is the liberal form of suicide, the suicide of individualism, the type of suicide where individuals are not integrated into social groups.

Egoistic Suicide.
LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

________ is the suicide of failure: in the competition to achieve a sense of identity and purpose.

Egoistic Suicide.
LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

True or False.
Egoistic Suicide is becoming more prevalent among teens.


True.
LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

What are the 2 reasons why egoistic suicide is becoming more common for teens?

1. Individual meaning has become expressed more and more via consumption styles.

2. The period of dependency has gotten longer (education)

LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

The social role of teenagers is characterized by these 2 dilemmas.

1. The search for meaning during a meaningless life stage.

2. The search for individualism during a period of dependency.

LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

True or False.
Concern over the increasing teen suicide rates grew to the point that it became a social problem during the 1990s.


False.
This happened over the period of the 1970s and 1980s.
LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

What 3 things happened to help teen suicide become a social problem?

1. Media articles appeared.

2. Claims by professional groups were advanced

3. New institutions like suicide hot lines and prevention centers were created.



LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

True or False.
By themselves, people cannot commit suicide. People can, however \"become dead\".


True.
LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

When can suicide exist?

Only when this official category is applied to a death by a government bureaucracy.
LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

Suicide is ______, _____ or ______ by government bureaucracies.

Created, Manufactured or Produced.
LIBERALISM AND SUICIDE

To understand suicide, one must analyze the relevant _______ and their ________.

State agencies.
\"Selecting behavior\"
CONSTRUCTION OF TEEN SUICIDE

What 4 things describe coroners in the \'Informal Era\'?

1. They were often local doctors, but were difficult to obtain.
2. They avoided some types of deaths
3. Some avoided deaths that required inquests
4. Some were inactive




CONSTRUCTION OF TEEN SUICIDE

The Coroner\'s Act was passed in this era, which meant that deaths were investigated by educated, specialized, trained coroners who held full time positions.

the Bureaucratic Era (Following 1972)
CONSTRUCTION OF TEEN SUICIDE

There is a correlation between the increase in ______ and the number of ______. Between 1965 and 1980, they increased around ______.

Teen Suicide Rate.
Coroner\'s Cases.
2.5 Times.

CONSTRUCTION OF TEEN SUICIDE

True or False.
After coroners became a full time job, coroners began to identify more suicides. This is the cause of the increase in suicide rates.


False.
Coroners did not identify more suicides and this is not the cause for the increase in suicide rates.
CONSTRUCTION OF TEEN SUICIDE

The reason for the increase in suicide rates is because the coroners are...

Expanding and covering more of the deaths.
CONSTRUCTION OF TEEN SUICIDE

The increase in coroners and therefore the increase in suicide rates is due to...

The changes in state practices, provided by the Coroner\'s Act.
CONSTRUCTION OF TEEN SUICIDE

Why are teens consuming a greater portion of this increasing rate than before? (5 explanations)

1. Larger and more specialized psychiatry
2. Increase in # of emergency and distress centers
3. More counsellors, more teens are tested and assessed
4. More teens are clinically diagnosed because of the testing
5. Public health services have moved onto new fields of death



CONSTRUCTION OF TEEN SUICIDE

True or False.
There is now a greater tendency to attribute suicide to deaths because of a greater use of psychiatric explanations.


True.
CONSTRUCTION OF TEEN SUICIDE

True or False.
All the professional concern has created a smaller net that does not catch as much suicide, so the concern lessens. Eventually concern dies out.


False.
It creates a larger net which catches more suicide and creates more concern. The cycle continues and the concern keeps growing.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

A social problem comes into existence when...

Claims about the supposed phenomenon are successfully advanced.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

The study of social problems is the analysis of successful claims...this is the _________ theory.

Constructionist.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

Define Grounds.

the substance of the claims.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

Define warrants.

the advancement of the rationale for linking grounds to conclusions.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

Define conclusions.

the asserting of solutions to mitigate the problem.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

Grounds are subdivided into what 3 categories? Which one is critical?

1. definitons (critical)
2. examples
3. numerical estimates

SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

The professionally used definition of obesity is based on the _________.

Body Mass Index (BMI)
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

What defines underweight, normal, overweight, obese and morbidly obese when using BMI.

< 18.4: underweight 18.5 - 24.9: normal 25 - 29.9: overweight 30 - 34.9: obese >35: morbidly obese
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

___% of Americans are obese.

25%
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

from 1980 - 1994 obesity increased by _______.

55%.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

Obesity kills _______ Americans per year.

400 000.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

How much does obesity cost and what does it cause (warrants)

100 billion per year in healthy expenditures.

Causes heart disease, hypertension, diabetes, depression, etc.

SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

True or False.
Obesity is considered to be an epidemic, a public health crisis and a greater threat than terrorism.


True.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

True or False.
Today\'s teens are the first generation likely to have a longer life span than their parents.


False.
They will have a shorter life span than their parents.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

What are some of the 9 examples of the policies being advocated to stop obesity?

1. public education
2. restrictions on food advertising
3. special taxes on snack food
4. outlawing foods containing trans fats
5. exercise (gyms, trails, etc.)
6. physical education in schools
7. diet programs
8. healthy food in school cafeterias and banning snack foods
9. suing fast food industry because one is fat.







SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

What are the 3 things that the BMI measurement ignores?

1. Gender
2. Race/Ethnic Group
3. Age

SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

Surely the appropriate measure of obesity is ______.

Body Fat.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

True or False.
The definition of obesity may be the social problem.


True.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

BMI was invented by _____ in the 1830s.

Quetelet. A Belgian astronomer.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

While using the Bell Curve, Quetelet found that ______ was proportional to the _____ of the _______.

Weight.
Square.
Height.

SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

Life insurance companies in the 1940s found that the closer an individual\'s weight was to the average _______ year old, the ______ the person lived.

25.
Longer.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

What are the 2 reasons for the continued use of the BMI?

1. Possesses the aura of science; it is based on the Bell Curve

2. Convienient to use in gathering data

SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

True or False.
Overweight (not obese) people live longer than sedentary normal people.


True.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

True or False.
Underweight (anorexic) people have a lower mortality rate than obese people.


False.
They have a higher mortality rate.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

What are the 2 methods used to \"treat\" obesity so that people do not become diseased?

1. Drugs or \"Fat Pills\" (sometimes taken for life)

2. Surgical Intervention

SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

True or False.
The use of BMI has produced the obesity epidemic.


True.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

The social problem of obesity is the result of the ______, a scientific, medical construct.

BMI measurement.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

True or False.
If obesity was defined by the BMI was located where it really should be (toward morbidly obese) than the obesity epidemic would grow.


False.
The epidemic would disappear.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

Define Moral Entreprenurs.

those who advance claims.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

Define Folk Devils and Moral Panics.

The techniques by which claims are advanced.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

Define Role of the Media.

The avenues through which claims are disseminated.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

What does \"health-industry complex\" refer to?

The social and organizational networks joining together. Such as public health agencies, universities, corporations, etc.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

What are the 2 most important advocacy agencies fighting against obesity.

1. International Obesity Task Force

2. American Obesity Association

SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

What is the International Obesity Task Force funded by and what do these funders do?

They are funded by two large drug companies who manufacture diet pills.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

What is the goal of the American Obesity Association? Who is it funded by.

To have obesity declared a disease so it is eligible for medical and drug claims from insurance.
It is funded by the drug industry.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

What are the 4 folk devils of obesity?

1. Fast food industry and \"supersize me\"
2. Sedentary lifestyle arising from TV, computers, lack of exercise, etc.
3. Cultural attitudes towards obesity (it used to be a symbol of power and wealth, now it is the opposite.)
4. Contemporary Cultural Attitudes (clothing sizes, cheap fast food, etc.)


SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

True or False.
Obesity adopts a good versus evil perspective, believing that evil/inadequate people cause social problems.


True.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

True or False.
The media transmit the folk devils that often result in moral panics.


True.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

What are 4 types of media which create moral panics?

1. Talk Shows
2. Reality TV (Biggest Loser)
3. News programming (portraying men\'s stomachs, women\'s butts)
4. Headlines from newspapers


SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

Much of the industrialization and the problem of obesity is organized around 2 things.

1. The automobile
2. The freedom of choice and multitude of choices when it comes to food
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

True or False.
Obesity is an idependant risk to health, but dieting, surgical procedures and fat pills are a greater risk.


False.
Obesity is not an independant risk to health.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

________ people are healthier than ______ people of ____.

Active, Overweight.
Sedentary.
Normal Weight.

SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

True or False.
Perhaps sedentary life style in along with the industrial organization of the food chain is the real social problem.


True.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

The construction of the social problem of obesity has confused ______ with _____.

Weight.
Health.
SOCIAL PROBLEM OF OBESITY

What are the 3 reasons the social problem of obesity is confused?

1. Combination of interests among the elements of the health industry complex

2. Attitudes regarding fat people (indicator of weak people)

3. Anxiety over health as the middle class baby boomers age



RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

The history of abuse is shaped by what 2 seperate patterns?

1. Types of abuse

2. Location of abuse

RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

Physical abuse of children within families was \'discovered\' in the early _____, by ________ and _______.

1960s.
Radiologists and Pediatricians.
RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

Define Sexual Abuse I.

Sexual abuse of children within families, at the hands of direct family members or kin.
RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

Sexual abuse II is the sexual abuse of children in __________. This comes with the appearance of _______ and ________. Children are kidnapped and used for ________.

Public Locations.
Missing Children and Stranger Danger.
Sexual Purposes.

RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

What is the irony of the public sexual abuse of children?

The family is now considered safe and the public is dangerous. It used to be the opposite.
RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

Name 3 places that were supposed to be alternatives to family, where children were sexually abused.

1. Residential Schools (First Nations)

2. Orphanages

3. Reformatories



RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

Name three quasi-family settings where children could be sexually abused.

1. Private Kindergartens
2. Day Care Centers
3. After School Centers

RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

True or False.
Children were not only sexually abused in quasi-family settings, but they were also used for Satanic purposes.


True.
RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

_____ was the final version of the more basic problem of child abuse.

Satanism.
RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

Name the 5 types of child abuse.

1. Sexual abuse within families

2. Sexual abuse by strangers

3. Sexual abuse by family alternatives

4. Sexual abuse in quasi-family settings

5. Ritual Abuse in quasi-family settings







RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

When child abuse went from sexual to ritual, to new features of the problem appeared...what are they?

1. The substance of the claims were so extreme they seemed impossible.

2. The explosion of charges from a very small to a very large number.

RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

What were the 2 results of the development of child abuse?

1. Heightened public anxiety over the problem

2. Agencies were formed to deal with these problems and are staffed by professional experts.

RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

There is a predisposition to \'discover\' abuse because of what 3 things?

1. Past experience

2. The content of professional training

3. Role of psychological theory and therapy

4. Concept of \'repression\'





RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

What is the mantra?

Believe the Children
RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

Define Confession.

Once an initial charge is made, experts question the chidlren continuously until the children provide the answers they seek. The children begin by saying one thing and end up saying another.
RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

The children who confess are ______ and _____ by the community. Those who do not confess are not ______ and ______ to confess.

Believed and Supported.

Believed and Encouraged.

RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

What 3 things does the ritual of confession include?

1. the confessors naming other abusers

2. generates explosion in numbers

3. public apology by the perpetrator



RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

True or False.
Parents end up being the \'victims\' in the larger sense.


True.
RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

________+_________ is understood as natural justice.

Confession + Apology
RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

rapid shift in central, core vaules; loss of certainty of what the substance of values are, of what is right and wrong, of what society stands for.

Community Identity Crisis
RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

What can Community Identity Crisis result in?

The appearance of a new type of deviance that rapidly increases in magnitude.
RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

Name 2 fundamental shifts in core values from the Traditional Family to the New Family.

1. Single Male Breadwinner/ Male and female both work

2. Nuclear or positional families/ many family forms

RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

Feminism appeared in the ______. There was liberation from 2 things.

1970s.



RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

Feminism liberated what 2 things?

1. Occupational realm

2. Site of Oppression

RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

Define \"Pathologized\" traditional family.

Male dominance in private. It was a place of physical and sexual abuse against both women and children.
RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

What had to be made public in order for the in home violence to change?

The private.
RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

Making the private public in order to realize the ideals of feminism was the context for this motto:

Believe the Women
RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

The motto ________ also paved the way for this motto_____.

Believe the Women.

Believe the Children.

RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

The feminist critique helped to re-shape the family and helped to create these 2 things:

1. Social problems apparatus directed to women and child abuse put in place

2. Staffed by professionals employed by the state ready to deal with abuse

RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

_______ conciousness was changed. The _____ was made _____.

Public.

Private.

Public.



RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

The Family Values Movement did these 2 things:

1. Preached the virtues of the traditional family

2. Provided a public critique

RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

What did the Family Values Movement critique? (5)

1. Working women who could not mother their children properly

2. \'alternative mothers\' (day care centers)

3. Single Parent Families (especially on welfare)

4. Abortion

5. Gays, Lesbians, Same sex families







RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

______, _______ and ______ together created a profound sense of uncertainty, anxiety and guilt about the role of mothers and bringing up children.

New family forms, Feminism and Family Values Movement
RITUAL ABUSE OF CHILDREN

Parents began to feel uneasy over the physical and psychological safety of their children. This gave them a predisposition to believe the claims of _____ located in _____.

Ritual Abuse.

Quasi-Families (day care centers)

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