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Glossary of Social Problems II Exam

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SUBSTANCE ABUSE

The social problems of crack-cocaine and alcohol differ greatly on which 2 points?

1. In terms of the substance in question

2. In time frame

SUBSTANCE ABUSE

In what time frame did alcohol abuse happen?

1920s
SUBSTANCE ABUSE

In what time frame did crack abuse happen?

1980s
SUBSTANCE ABUSE

What is the first parallel?

The Social Construction of the Social Problem.
SUBSTANCE ABUSE

First Parallel: Both came to be percieved as ______ (as opposed to ______) problems at a particular time in American history. At other times in history, they ____ ____ defined as _______ problems.

Social.
Individual.
Were Not.
Social.


SUBSTANCE ABUSE: 1ST PARALLEL

True or False.
Prior to the 1920s, alcohol was viewed as particularly problematic.


False.
It was not viewed as particularly problematic.
SUBSTANCE ABUSE: 1ST PARALLEL

Consumption of ____ by European immigrants was especially ________.

Beer.
Common.
SUBSTANCE ABUSE: 1ST PARALLEL

True or False.
After the 1920s, alcohol was not viewed as particularly problematic.


True.
SUBSTANCE ABUSE: 1ST PARALLEL

______ to the 1980s, _____ was not viewed as particularly problematic.

Prior.
Cocaine.
SUBSTANCE ABUSE: 1ST PARALLEL

Cocaine was normally used by which three groups of people?

1. Jazz Musicians
2. Rock Stars
3. Wealthy Celebrities

SUBSTANCE ABUSE: 1ST PARALLEL

Following the 1980s, what happened to the concern of cocaine use?

It was not viewed with the same concern. Other drugs and other wars seemed to take place of the war on drugs.
SUBSTANCE ABUSE: 2ND PARALLEL

What is the second parallel?





Solution by Criminalization.
SUBSTANCE ABUSE: 2ND PARALLEL

The solutions attempted for both problems was ______ - making their use ______.

Criminalization.
Illegal.
SUBSTANCE ABUSE: 2ND PARALLEL

True or False.
Note that though cocaine was already illegal before the 1980s, preventing its use was an especially high law enforcement priority.


False.
Preventing its use was NOT an especially high law enforcement priority.
SUBSTANCE ABUSE: 2ND PARALLEL

With the war on drugs, cocaine became _____ ________.

Newly Criminalized.
SUBSTANCE ABUSE: 2ND PARALLEL

This solution for both problems converts any _____ into _______.

Use.
Abuse.
SUBSTANCE ABUSE: 3RD PARALLEL

The solution of criminalization resulted in a ______ __ ______.





War on Drugs.
SUBSTANCE ABUSE: 4TH PARALLEL

What is the fourth parallel?

Unintended Consequences of \'Solution\'.
SUBSTANCE ABUSE: 4TH PARALLEL

True or False.
In both cases, the \'solution\' attempted made the social problem worse than it originally was.


True.
SUBSTANCE ABUSE: 4TH PARALLEL

True or False.
The outcome of the attempted \'solution\' produced the outcome that the people who tried to solve the problem wanted.


False.
It produced the exact opposite outcome than what was intended.
SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF ABUSE

Define Use.

Consumption of the substance in question.
SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF ABUSE

______ is defined as a particular kind of use that is differentiated from other kinds of use by such properties of quantity, frequency, addictiveness, etc.

Abuse.
SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF ABUSE

The dividing line distinguishing abuse from use is both ________ and _______ constructed.

Arbitrary.
Socially.
SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF ABUSE

Abuse is socially constructed using which four guidelines?

1. How much consumed
2. How often consumed
3. Which social groups locate the dividing line
4. Which social groups\' consumption is characterized as abuse


SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF ABUSE

Declaring use to be _____, to _____ consumption, transforms any use into _____.

Illegal.
Criminalize.
Abuse.

SOCIAL HISTORY OF BEER CONSUMPTION IN ENGLAND

Brewing was primarily done by whom?

Monks.
SOCIAL HISTORY OF BEER CONSUMPTION IN ENGLAND

The daily ration per monk was _____ pints of ale.

8.
SOCIAL HISTORY OF BEER CONSUMPTION IN ENGLAND

Other large establishments had their own brewery. Queens College, Oxford, founded in 1340, continued to brew until ____.

1939.
SOCIAL HISTORY OF BEER CONSUMPTION IN ENGLAND

_____ also made their own ale.

Families.
SOCIAL HISTORY OF BEER CONSUMPTION IN ENGLAND

At home, ale was made by _____ who sometimes sold her beer to others, giving rise to the ____ ___ or ____.

Women.
Public House.
Pub.

SOCIAL HISTORY OF BEER CONSUMPTION IN ENGLAND

Ale in the ______ century was considered a _____ or a ______ for good health.

13th.
Food.
Tonic.

SOCIAL HISTORY OF BEER CONSUMPTION IN ENGLAND

True or False.
In the 13th century, ale was mixed with many medicines by the apothecaries of the day.


True.
SOCIAL HISTORY OF BEER CONSUMPTION IN ENGLAND

In the ______ century hospitals, children were entitled to ____ gallons of beer per week.

17th.
2.
SOCIAL HISTORY OF BEER CONSUMPTION IN ENGLAND

Later, children in hospitals were entitled to _____ of beer per day.

1 pint.
SOCIAL HISTORY OF BEER CONSUMPTION IN ENGLAND

In the middle ____ century people believed alcohol had a ______ effect.

19th.
Beneficial.
SOCIAL HISTORY OF BEER CONSUMPTION IN ENGLAND

In the 19th century, _____ was used, with as much as _____ pints per day perscribed.

Brandy.
3.
SOCIAL HISTORY OF BEER CONSUMPTION IN ENGLAND

True or False.
In the 19th century, many doctors refused to use alcohol as an extension to their therapies.


False.
They used alcohol, feeling that it was invigorating and nourishing.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 1ST PARALLEL

In 1920s was a period of mass _______ in American soial history.

Immigration.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 1ST PARALLEL

Many immigrants came from cultures in which alcohol consumption - especially ____ and ____ - was ____.

Beer.
Wine.
Common.

SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 1ST PARALLEL

Many American social groups considered ____ consumption to be _____, even ____.

Alcohol.
Immoral.
Sinful.

SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 1ST PARALLEL

Many communities, especially in ____, agricultural areas, enacted local laws _____ the use of _____.

Rural.
Prohibiting.
Alcohol.

SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 1ST PARALLEL

It was only with ______ that alcohol was criminalized for the entire ______.

Prohibition.
Nation.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

The 3 social properties characterizing the construction of this social problem are...

1. a temporary existence only during the 1920s

2. criminalization where use became synonymous with abuse

3. the social location of the line separating use from abuse has been constructed so that any use becomes abuse



SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

What do the three social properties constitute?

A social problem.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

What are the two moral entrepreneurs? They are the ____ ____ of this social problem.

The WCTU (The Women\'s Christian Temperance Union)
The Anti-Saloon League

Direct Cause


SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

The WCTU is a ______\'s ______ organization, based primarily in ______, _____ areas. (especially in the American ______) Founded primarily on the _____ _____ class.

Women\'s
Protestant
Rural
Agricultural
Mid-West
Old
Middle





SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

The WCTU advocated total _______.

Abstinence.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

The WCTU\'s position on alcohol was a reflection both of their _____ and their _____.

Culture.
Class Position.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

Define the Protestant Work Ethic.

Hard Work = Good, Moral Person
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

Protestants had an aversion to _____ and ____. They had a deep suspicion of ____ and ____.

Waste.
Idleness.
Leisure.
Pleasure Activities.


SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

The Protestants viewed alcohol as a _____. Much like dancing, playing cards, but _____.

Sin.
Worse.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

Protestants believed that using alcohol was _____ the family. The role of ____ and ____ in particular. Thus a ____ and ____\'s issue.

Undermining
Wife
Mother
Family
Women\'s



SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

The only solution for Protestants was ___________.

Prohibition.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

The WCTU was in the ______ class. Comprised of small _____ _____. Families had a ____ _____ and _____ __ ___ _____.

Old Middle.
Business Owners.
Working Father.
Stay at Home Mother.


SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

The Anti-Saloon League was comprised of mostly ____. It was not associated with any ______. Founded on the ____ ____ class.

Men.
Religion.
New Middle.

SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

The A-S League represented the interests of ____ _____.

Male Industrialists.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

The A-S League were not concerned so much with ____ ____ as with those of their ______.

Their Own.
Workers.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

The A-S League were very well ________ and used their ______ to lobby ______ to have alcohol consumption __________.

Organized.
Resources.
Politicians.
Prohibited.


SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

The WCTU relied on what to get alcohol consumption prohibited? What did the A-S League do?

The WCTU relied on demonstrations and disrupting of saloons.
The A-S League lobbied politicians.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

The ______ class is comprised of Industrial capitalists and the growing managerial class arising from the growth of ____ _____.

New Middle.
Factory Production.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

The industrial bourgeoisie of the new middle class were concerned with who? What about them?

They were concerned with the morality of their workers.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

The A-S League wished to instill what in the proletariat?

Values of the Old Middle Class regarding industry and thrift.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

What company is a good example of the difficulties confronting the new middle class?

Henry Ford\'s company.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

The dramatic change to the assembly line meant that work was simultaneously ______ and _____.

Deskilled.
Sped Up.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

Ford responded with what 2 innovations?

1. the $5.00 day to both attract workers and help them to be able to consume the goods now being mass produced.

2. the \"sociological department\" to oversee the non-work lives of workers and their families, to instruct the disciplined lifestyle required by the new mass production.

SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

Fundamental concern was with the social construction of the _____ _____ appropriate to a labor process organized around the _____ _____.

New Worker.
Assembly Line.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

_______ was a central element in the construction of the disciplined and responsible worker.

Prohibition.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

2 components to be considered in the creation of a moral panic.

1. Constructing a moral panic amongst society concerning alcohol consumption

2. Coping with the class and status panic emerging within the two classes themselves.

SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

What is \"Demon Rum\" according to the WCTU?

The creation of folk devils in the form of irresponsible men drinking their paycheck away in the saloon while their family was starving.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

Define Status Panic.

A panic over their status, because their status is declining.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

What two large scale structural changes were happening in American society?

1. industry becoming larger, possessing a factory labor process

2. large scale immigration to provide the required labor force

SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

What was happening to the middle classes in American society, due to the structural changes?

1. old middle class society was being displaced

2. new middle class society was taking its place

SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

With social change undermining the conditions necessary for their class dominance, the values of the ___ ____ class were becoming increasingly _______.

Old Middle.
Irrelevant.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

The ____ ____ class attempted to impose their _____ on society in order to ____ them.

Old Middle.
Values.
Sustain.

SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

The Old Middle Class attempting to impose their values on society ended in _______.

Prohibition.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

It was necessary to ______ the new worker, including the sphere of working life and the domain of ______ to encourage ______ and ________.

Construct.
Leisure.
Responsibility.
Self-Discipline.


SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 2ND PARALLEL

Prohibition was a result of the coincidence of _____ ______. Even though...

Class Interests.
Even though the new and old middle classes were structurally incompatible.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 3RD PARALLEL

Prohibition criminalized both widespread and generally accepted _______.

Behavior.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 3RD PARALLEL

One result of prohibition was ________.

Law Breaking.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 3RD PARALLEL

What 4 things did the law breaking create?

1. people killed by the unsanitary production of an illegal substance (bathtub gin)

2. organized crime in the form of mafia (crime became a business)

3. widespread corruption of public officials

4. the federal government created a special police force to enforce the law





SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 3RD PARALLEL

Prohibition resulted in unessesary ______ in both ______ and in a new ______.

Deaths.
Organized Crime.
Police Force.

SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 3RD PARALLEL

This construction of ______ as a social problem equally resulted in a _______.

Alcohol.
War on Drugs.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 3RD PARALLEL

The construction of alcohol as a social problem did not result in what 3 things?

1. The preservation of the old middle class or its cultural values.
2. It did not result in disciplining the working class.
3. It did not solve the social problem of alcohol consumption.

SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 4TH PARALLEL

Prohibition gave rise to the ____ _____.

Roaring Twenties
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 4TH PARALLEL

Rather than eliminating alcohol consumption, prohibition altered the _____ (____) and _____ (___) of drinking.

Type (Spirits)
Place (Speakeasy)
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 4TH PARALLEL

What are the 2 locations of the cultural motifs?

1. The material location of the speakeasy

2. The social location of the flapper

SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 4TH PARALLEL

A youth revolt occurred during the _____s in matters of what 2 things?

1920s

1. Cultural Style
2. Personal Behavior




SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 4TH PARALLEL

What three symbols represented the youth revolt of the 1920s?

1. Flapper
2. Gin
3. Jazz

SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 4TH PARALLEL

The music genres of ragtime, blues and jazz were firmly rooted in ______ and most often performed by ______.

Black Culture.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 4TH PARALLEL

Associated with the new types of music were which 3 new dances?

1. Fox-Trot
2. Shimmy
3. Charleston

SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 4TH PARALLEL

The social type of drinking, dancing, etc. found expression in ______.

Literature.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 4TH PARALLEL

The idea of drinking, lavish parties, endless talk and \'doing nothing\' found in ______ both mirrored and created the pattern for others of the _____s generation. This is the ______ of old middle class v

The Great Gatsby.
1920s.
Opposite.

SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 4TH PARALLEL

When women were granted the right to ____ in 1920, they became _____:the flapper and the Charleston were born.

Vote.
Emancipated.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 4TH PARALLEL

Which dance let everyone perform the steps individually and the men no longer led the women?
The movements of this dance were suggestive both of this ____ and ____ emancipation.


The Charleston.

Political.
Sexual.


SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 4TH PARALLEL

The postwar period brought _____ hems. The short tubular dresses and the simplicity of fashions ended the most ________ features of female dress. Women were no longer _____ and were allowed to show their

Shorter.
Restrictive.
Corseted.
Knees.


SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 4TH PARALLEL

Women, except for this one thing, never again submitted to the limitations imposed by entirely artificial shapes.

High Heeled Shoes
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 4TH PARALLEL

The flapper lifestyle was centered around what?

The speakeasy.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 4TH PARALLEL

The flapper lifestyle was characterized by 3 things which epitomized _____, ____ and _____.

1. Partying
2. Drinking
3. Dancing

Freedom, Fun and Pleasure



SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 4TH PARALLEL

True or False.
Flappers symbolized the values totally opposite the cultural ideals of the old middle class.


True.
SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 4TH PARALLEL

The old middle class believed in ideals of ____, ____ and _____. They had a distinct disliking for anything to do with _____.

Thrift, Virtue and Hard Work.

Pleasure.

SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 4TH PARALLEL

Ironically, in its vain attempt to preserve its class culture, ____ _____ class brought forth all that it _____ and _____.

Old Middle.
Detested.
Feared.

SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 4TH PARALLEL

Ironically, the moral crusade led by the _____ of the ______ class brought forth the modern woman as ______. This had a strong ______ dimension.

Women.
Old Middle.
Flapper.
Gender.


SOCIAL SOURCES OF PROHIBITION: 4TH PARALLEL

True or False.
What happened is exactly what the WCTU intended.




False.
It is the exact opposite of what the WCTU intended.
WAR ON DRUGS: 1ST PARALLEL

Prior to the decade of the _____, ____ though illegal, was not considered to be a social problem.

1980s.
Cocaine.
WAR ON DRUGS: 1ST PARALLEL

Prior to its construction as a social problem, cocaine use possessed the following characteristics (3)...

1. use in the form of \'snorting\'
2. used by the \'beautiful people\'
3. used in Hollywood mansions

WAR ON DRUGS: 1ST PARALLEL

After it became a social problem, cocaine use came to possess the following characteristics (3)...

1. use in the form of smoking
2. used by inner city blacks
3. used in crack houses

WAR ON DRUGS: 1ST PARALLEL

True or False.
Illegal drug use peaked in the late 1970s and early 1980s, but since then there has been a decline expect for women 18-29. This is likely to do with the opening of male roles to females.


True.
WAR ON DRUGS: 1ST PARALLEL

True or False.
There is no drug epidemic. What there does appear to be is an expansion among a particular group - rich people.


False.
The expansion is among inner city young people who live in problem situations. (poverty, unemployment, family break-up, etc.)
WAR ON DRUGS: 1ST PARALLEL

With the population as a whole becoming ______, people are more _______.

Older.
Conservative.
WAR ON DRUGS: 1ST PARALLEL

Tobacco use and Alcohol sclerosis was declining due to ____ _____ and availability of ____ ______ and _____.

Public Education.
Treatment Programs and Centers.
WAR ON DRUGS: 1ST PARALLEL

True or False.
The main element in prevention is enforcement.


False.
It is not enforcement.
WAR ON DRUGS: 1ST PARALLEL

People do not worry about being _____. They worry about _____, when it comes to using drugs and alcohol.

Arrested.
Health.
WAR ON DRUGS: 1ST PARALLEL

True or False.
Although Cocaine is viewed as a terrible, addictive drug that robs people of their self-control, dignity and humanity, the rates of addiction is about the same as with other drugs.


True.
WAR ON DRUGS: 1ST PARALLEL

The war on drugs commenced precisely at the point when what 2 things were happening?

1. Drug use was declining
2. The social groups using were changing
WAR ON DRUGS: 2ND PARALLEL

By means of the war on drugs, crack-cocaine has been constructed into a _____ ______ which must be stamped out.

Social Monster.
WAR ON DRUGS: 2ND PARALLEL

True or False.
Though previously legal, its use (abuse) came to be pursued by law enforcement agencies during the war on drugs to an extent previously unknown.


False.
It was previously illegal.
WAR ON DRUGS: 2ND PARALLEL

What are the two folk devil chains of crack-cocaine.

1. inner city blacks -> crack houses

2. single parent (mother) welfare families -> crack babies

WAR ON DRUGS: 2ND PARALLEL

______ ______ meant that all America was subjected to increasing inequality, but especially true of Black America. Especially true of _____ ____ blacks. Not ___ ___ blacks.

Economic Degradation.
Inner City
Middle Class.

WAR ON DRUGS: 3RD PARALLEL

______ means converting any use into abuse.

Prohibition.
WAR ON DRUGS: 3RD PARALLEL

______ together with the ______ has had consequences.

Prohibition.
The War on Drugs
WAR ON DRUGS: 3RD PARALLEL

True or False.
Illegal drugs are dangerous. A regular dose is impossible and users do not know what they are actually taking. This is the cause of many overdoses.


True.
WAR ON DRUGS: 3RD PARALLEL

Like prohibition, the war on drugs produced ______ _____, especially gangs of ___ ____ youth in inner cities.

Organized Crime.
Young Black.
WAR ON DRUGS: 3RD PARALLEL

True or False.
Legalization would not eliminate the problem of crime because it would make safe drugs available and cheap.


False.
It would eliminate the problem of crime.
WAR ON DRUGS: 3RD PARALLEL

Most drug-related crimes are not because people are ______, but because they need _____ for ____.

Intoxicated.
Money.
Drugs.

WAR ON DRUGS: 3RD PARALLEL

Prohibition is a huge budget-builder for which two groups of people?

1. Police Agencies
2. The Military
WAR ON DRUGS: 3RD PARALLEL

In 1980, ____ billion federal dollars were spent in this war, in 1990 it will be ___ billion. The vast amount of money involved encourages ______.

One.
Six.
Corruption.

WAR ON DRUGS: 3RD PARALLEL

True or False.
People in American prisons have doubled in the last decade to the highest proportion in history and in any democratic country.


True.
WAR ON DRUGS: 3RD PARALLEL

____% of people are incarcerated for drug violations. ___% for drug related crimes. Drugs are the ____ ____ for imprisonment in state prisons.

40%
20%
Main Cause.

WAR ON DRUGS: 3RD PARALLEL

True or False.
1 in 10 poor black males are imprisoned.


False.
1 in 4.
WAR ON DRUGS: 3RD PARALLEL

What is one result of so many poor, black men being imprisoned?

A large number of black families are without fathers, which contributes to the one parent families on welfare.
WAR ON DRUGS: 3RD PARALLEL

True or False.
The war on drugs has not worked in the sense that it has stopped (or even reduced) the use of crack cocaine.


True.
WAR ON DRUGS: 3RD PARALLEL

True or False.
What the war on drugs has produced is a small proportion of the poor, black male population either in prison or subject to the criminal justice system.


False.
It is a large proportion of black males.
WAR ON DRUGS: 3RD PARALLEL

What are two better solutions to the crack problem?

1. Treat drugs as a public health issue instead of a criminal offense.

2. Use the money spent on enforcement for drug treatment centers, especially for the poor. Many do want treatment.

WAR ON DRUGS: 4TH PARALLEL

The change in the nature of probation due to the technology of the electronic bracelet wherein the primary orientation has shifted from ______ to ______.

Help in easing individuals back into society -> Catching them out in breaking the rules.
WAR ON DRUGS: 4TH PARALLEL

The change in the nature of probation officers from _____ to _____.

Social Workers -> Police who are armed.
WAR ON DRUGS: 4TH PARALLEL

Probation officers used to help parolees, now they do what?

Attempt to catch the parolees doing bad.
WAR ON DRUGS: 4TH PARALLEL

True or False.
The problem of high rates of incarceration has become more recently severe with the advent of certain new policies.


True.
WAR ON DRUGS: 4TH PARALLEL

The ____ ____ rule result in more of those who get out of prison find themselves where?

Three Strikes.

They find themselves back in prison again.

WAR ON DRUGS: 4TH PARALLEL

Because such a large proportion of inner city black males have been incarcerated, the culture of _____ has become the culture of ______.

The Prison.

The Inner City.

WAR ON DRUGS: 4TH PARALLEL

True or False.
The large proportion of inner city black males being incarcerated is exactly what the war on drugs intended.


False.
This is the exact opposite of the intent of the war on drugs.
WAR ON DRUGS: 4TH PARALLEL

What are the 4 properties of the prison?

1. Huge divide between inmates and guards.
WAR ON DRUGS: 4TH PARALLEL

Name the 4 properties of the American ghetto.

1. Huge divide between black males and police.

2. Relations among black males is often macho and violent. Often status is determined by being arrested or being an ex-convict

3. Problems are typically solved through violence (everyone now has guns)

4. Black males are organized into groups or gangs which provide structure for violence to be carried out.





WAR ON DRUGS: 4TH PARALLEL

True or False.
The properties of the American ghetto repeat those of the culture of the prison.


True.
WAR ON DRUGS: 4TH PARALLEL

What 4 things did the prison and ghetto do in terms of culture?

1. Brought about \'dissing\'
2. The content of rap lyrics
3. Drive by shooting became a \'performance art\'
4. Cultural fashion of beltless pants hanging down low came from prison where belts were removed.


WAR ON DRUGS: 4TH PARALLEL

True or False.
Ironically, Middle class white America took on the cultural properties brought on by prison and the ghetto. This is the opposite of the intent of the social problem solvers.


True.
WAR ON DRUGS: 4TH PARALLEL

True or False.
The inner city is not parallel to the prison.


False.
The inner city is parallel to the prison. This is not surprising given the numbers of inner city black males who have experienced the recieving end of the criminal justice system.
WAR ON DRUGS: 4TH PARALLEL

The parallel between prisons and inner city is true in terms of their relations with ______ and their relations with _____.

Law Enforcement Officials.
One Another.
WAR ON DRUGS: 4TH PARALLEL

True or False.
Just as the case with the speakeasy culture and symbol of the flapper, the prisonization of the American inner city is an unintended and diametrically opposed consequence of prohibition - in this case, t


True.
WAR ON DRUGS: 4TH PARALLEL

Not only did people intending to do _____ end up doing ____, they provoked the ______ of what they intended.

Good.
Bad.
Exact Opposite.

WAR ON DRUGS: 4TH PARALLEL

What is the moral for the \'solvers\' of social problems?

Be careful what you wish for...

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