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Glossary of Serum Studies

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Created by bryanrb

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PROSTATE DISEASE
ACID PHOSPHATASE
A/G RATION
(REVERSED) = MULTIPLE MYELOMA
ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE
BLASTIC BONE DISEASE / LIVER DISEASE
AMYLASE/LIPASE
ACUTE PANCREATITIS
ANA (sero +)
COLLAGEN DISEASES...
SLE
SCLERODERMA
SJoGREN'S,
Polyarteritis Nodosa
RA




ASO Titre
Strep Infection
Bilirubin
Direct = Liver, GB, Pancrease

Indirect = Liver, Spleen, Drugs, Fever

BUN

Increased = Kidney Disease

Decreased = Liver Disease

Calcium (9 - 11 mg%)
INCREASED - Hypercalcemia Hyperparathyroid (benign), Bone Cancer

DECREASED - hypocalcemia



CA & CEA

Cancer
CPK (creatine)
Tissue Destruction:
MI - CPK (CK-MB) / SGOT (AST) / LDH


Creatinine
* Best KIDNEY test
Downey Cell
Atypical Lymphocyte - Mono
ESR
Inflammation (0-20 is normal)

Will be HIGH in MM & Temporal Arteritis

Glucose (blood)
DM
GGT
Liver Cirrhosis
GTT
DM, Hypoglycemia
HCG
Increased = Choriocarcinoma, Twins

Decreased = Ectopic Pregers

HLA B-27 (sero -)
Ulcerative Colitis
Crohns
Reiters
A.S.
Psoriatic
Enteropathic arthropathy




Ketones
DM, starvation
LDH
Tissue Destruction
Lipids
Atherosclerosis
LE Prep
SLE
Mono Test
Paul Bunnell, Heterophile Agglutination
Potassium
Increased = Addisons, Renal Failure

Decreased = Diuretics, Vomit, Diarrhea



Protein Electrophoresis
(5 albumin groups)

G (85%) Second to fight, MM, bacteria, etc
A (5-10%) Mucosa Linings (GI & Lungs)
M (5-10%) First to fight
E (small amount) - HYPERSENSITIVITY
D (trace





Protein (CSF)
Viral Meningitis, Sclerosis
Protein (Blood)
Increased - Hyperproteinemia,( MM ),
and Proteinuria

Decreased - Hypoproteinemia, (Kidney)




PSA
Prostate
RA Latex
RA
SGOT (AST)
Heart destruction/Liver disease
SGPT (ALT)
Liver Disease
TIBC
Total Iron Binding Capacity
INC. - anemia, oral contraceptives, hg

DEC. - chronic diseases



T3/T4/TSH
Thyroid Diseases
Triglycerides
Liver Disease, Alcoholism, MI, Pancreatitis, Renal Diseases

(male 40-60)
(Female 35 - 135)


Uric Acid
Gout, Kidney
ELISA / Western Blot
AIDS, (T-Cell Count)
Bone
(Tumors, Cancer, osteonecrosis)
Calcium, phosphorus, alk. phos. (acid phos)

Arthritis
RA latex, Uric Acid, HLA B-27, ANA, ESR
Kidney
BUN, Creatinine, Albumin, Globulin, UA, Uric Acid
Cardiac - Risk
Cholesterol, Triglycerides, Glucose
Cardiac - Ischemia
CPK-MB, SGOT(AST), LDH
Hepatic
SGPT, SGOT, LDH, Bilirubin, GGT, Albumin/ Globulin
Rigid Abdomen
(pancreatitis, appendicitis, peritonitis, CBC w/ differential, amylase, lipase)
Systemic & Metabolic Panel
Systemic illness
Screen Difference between Kidney and Liver?
BUN

No BUN = Liver
Too Many BUNs = Kidney


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