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Glossary of Samsara on..

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Shang
What:
The dynasty after the Xia
Why:
They monopolized the production of bronze in the yellow river valley. Making their military force exceptionally strong.


Zhou
What:
The dynasty preceding the Shang dynasty.
Their theory of politics rested on The Mandate of Heaven, it says that heavenly powers granted the right to govern.

Xia (shyah)
What:
Earliest Dynasty to organize public life in china on a large scale.
Why:
Made hereditary monarchical rule the precedent


Oracle Bones
What:
The principal instrument used by fortune tellers in ancient China.
Why:
The questions posed on them clearly revealed the day to day concerns of the Shang royal court


Phoenicians
What:
A kingdom between the Mediterranean sea and the Lebanon mountains.
Why:
They developed the first alphabetic writing system.


Alphabetic Writing
What:
A writing practice adapted by the Phoenicians.
Why:
required much less investment in education than cuneiform so more people were able to become literate than ever before.


Hittites
What:
The most influential Indo-European migrants in the ancient times.
Why:
They were responsible for two technological innovations; light horsedrawn war chariots, and the refinement of iron metallurgy.


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