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Glossary of S & C Chapter 5

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A(n) __________ is similar to an electronic filing cabinet that provides access to exact reproductions of the original documents.
image processing system
A(n) __________ is a battery-powered mouse that transmits data using wireless technology, such as radio waves or infrared light waves.
cordless mouse or wireless mouse
When a(n) __________ is scanned with a handheld scanner, the Web page associated with the bar code displays on the computer screen.
Web bar code
__________ is any data or instructions that are entered into the memory of a computer.
Input
Most __________ include a small optical scanner for reading characters printed using an OCR font and sophisticated software for analyzing what is read.
OCR devices
A(n) __________ is a battery-powered keyboard that transmits data using wireless technology, such as radio waves or infrared light waves.
cordless keyboard
Computers with __________ will be able to detect human motion and have the potential to recognize sign language, read lips, track facial movements, or follow eye gazes.
gesture recognition
A computer, as shown in the accompanying figure, processes data into __________, which is data that is organized, meaningful, and useful to a particular user or group of users.
information
A(n) __________ is a document that is returned to the company that creates and sends it.
turnaround document
A(n) __________ is a full-sized keyboard that can be conveniently attached to and removed from a handheld computer.
portable keyboard
People with limited hand movement can use a(n) __________ to control the pointer or insertion point.
head-mounted pointer
As shown in the accompanying figure, __________ is a type of input that consists of a collection of raw unprocessed facts, figures, and symbols.
data
People with limited hand mobility can use a(n) __________, in which a graphic of a standard keyboard displays on the screen, and a pointing device is used to press the keys.
on-screen keyboard
A(n) __________ has no mechanical parts inside and instead uses devices that emit and sense light to detect the mouse's movement.
optical mouse
A(n) __________ is an identification code that consists of a series of vertical bars and spaces of different widths.
bar code
A(n) __________ is any hardware component that allows data, programs, commands, and user responses to be entered into a computer.
input device
A(n) __________ is a device that uses a light source to read characters, marks, and codes and then convert them into digital data that a computer can process.
optical reader
The goal of __________ is to incorporate comfort, efficiency, and safety into the design of items in the workplace.
ergonomics
A(n) __________ is a rectangular rubber or foam pad that provides better traction for a mechanical mouse than the top of a desk.
mouse pad
As shown in the accompanying figure, __________ are a type of input that can be in the form of programs, commands, and user responses.
instructions
Many scanners include __________, which is software that can read and convert many types of text documents.
OCR software
A(n) __________ is an input device that allows users to control a pointer on the screen.
pointing device
The __________ requires any company with 15 or more employees make reasonable attempts to accommodate the needs of physically challenged workers.
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
A(n) __________ is an input device containing keys that are pressed to enter data into the computer.
keyboard
A(n) __________ is a metal or plastic plate placed over a keyboard that allows users with limited hand mobility to rest their hands on the keyboard without accidentally pressing any keys.
keyguard
In a graphical user interface, a(n) __________ is a small symbol on the screen that often takes the shape of an I-beam, a block arrow, or a pointing hand.
pointer or mouse pointer
A(n) __________ (short for picture element) is a single point in an electronic image.
pixel
A(n) __________ is an instruction issued by replying to a question that a computer program displays.
user response
Some input devices capture data from a(n) __________, which is the original form of the data.
source document
A(n) __________ is a pointing device that fits comfortably under the palm of a hand.
mouse
__________ is the process of entering data by speaking into a microphone that is attached to the sound card on a computer.
Voice input
The __________ is a symbol that indicates where on the computer screen the next character typed will display.
insertion point
When using a digital camera, the actual photographed resolution is known as the __________.
optical resolution
A(n) __________ is a small, flat, rectangular pointing device that is sensitive to pressure and motion.
touchpad or trackpad
Some digital camera manufacturers state __________, which uses a special formula to add pixels between those generated by the optical resolution.
enhanced resolution or interpolated resoltion
As shown in the accompanying figure, a(n) __________ is an instruction given to a computer program.
command
A(n) __________ is a flat, rectangular, electronic plastic board on which each location corresponds to a specific location on the computer screen.
graphic tablet or digitizer or digitizing tablet
A(n) __________ is a mouse that has a rubber or metal ball on its underside.
mechanical mouse
A(n) __________ is a touch-sensitive display that users can interact with by touching areas of the screen with their fingers.
touch screen
As shown in the accompanying figure, a(n) __________ is a series of instructions that tells a computer how to perform the tasks necessary to process data into information.
program
A(n) __________ is a device that looks similar to a mouse, except it has a window with cross hairs so a user can see through to a graphics tablet.
cursor
A standard keyboard sometimes is called a(n) __________ because of the layout of its typing area.
QWERTY keyboard
A(n) __________ is a handheld input device that contains a light source or can detect light.
light pen
A(n) __________ has icons, buttons, and other graphical devices that allow commands to be selected and issued.
graphical user interface (GUI)
__________ is a process of entering a full-motion recording into a computer and storing it on a storage medium.
Video input or Video capture
A(n) __________ program provides menus as a means of entering commands.
menu-driven
A(n) __________ looks like a ballpoint pen, but uses pressure, instead of ink, to write text and draw lines.
stylus or pen
Many handheld computers use __________ that translates handwritten letters and symbols into characters that the computer understands.
handwriting recognition software
__________ is the process of entering any sound into a computer such as speech, music, and sound effects.
Audio input
Some manufacturers use __________, which is the number of pixels in an inch of screen display, to represent a digital camera's resolution.
dots per inch (dpi)
A(n) __________ is a DV camera that allows a home user to record, edit, and capture video and still images and to make video telephone calls on the Internet.
PC video camera or PC camera
During a(n) __________ on the Internet, both parties see each other as they talk.
video telephone call
Windows stores audio files as __________, which are called WAV files and have .wav extension.
waveforms
A(n) __________ is a card that decompresses video data.
video decorder
With graphics tablets and pens, businesses save time using __________, which are just as legal as ink signatures.
electric signatures or
e-signatures
__________ decreases the size of video files by recognizing that only a small portion of a video image changes from frame to frame.
Video compression
One factor that affects the quality of a digital camera is its __________, which describes the sharpness and clearness of an image.
resolution
To work with them on a desktop computer, it is necessary to __________, or transfer a copy of, the pictures from the digital camera to the computer.
download
A(n) __________ is a video camera that records video as digital signals, instead of analog signals.
digital video (DV) camera
__________ is a computer's capability of distinguishing spoken words.
Voice recognition or Speech recognition
A(n) __________ allows pictures to be taken and the photographed image to be stored digitally, instead of on traditional film.
digital camera
A(n) __________ can be used to capture an individual frame from an analog video and then save the still picture in a file.
video digitizer
One type of Web cam, called a(n) __________, shows moving images by sending a continual stream of data.
streaming cam
A(n) __________ is a light-sensing input device that reads printed text and graphics and then translates the results into a form the computer can use.
optical scanner or scanner
A(n) __________ is a window that can display notes and drawings simultaneously on the screens of all participants in a videoconference.
whiteboard
A(n) __________ is an expansion card that converts an analog video signal into a digital signal that a computer can understand.
video capture card
A(n) __________ is a meeting between two or more geographically separated people who use a network or the Internet to transmit audio and video data.
videoconference
A(n) __________ is a small digital image that when held in front of a PC camera, displays an associated Web page on a computer screen.
digital watermark
A(n) __________ is a video camera whose output displays on a Web page.
Web cam or cam
Businesses often use scanners for __________, which consists of capturing, storing, analyzing, displaying, printing, and manipulating images.
image processing or imaging

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