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Glossary of SSAT Vocabulary Words 2

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abase
to lower; demean; degrade
abate
to lessen; to reduce in severity
abbreviate
to shorten; reduce
abdicate
to give up power or position; to fail to fulfill
abduct
kidnap
aberration
a deviation from the expected course
abhor
to hate; loathe
abide
to obey; to put up with; tolerate
abject
of the most miserable or contemptible kind
abort
to give up unfinished
abridge
to shorten; cut down
abrogate
to abolish; often by authority
abscond
to sneak away and hide
absurd
unreasonable; ridiculous
abundant
in great numbers
abyss
bottomless gulf; something too deep for measurement
accede
to agree
accelerate
to increase in speed
accentuate
to emphasize; to highlight
acclaim
enthusiastic applause or approval
accommodating
obliging; helpful
accomplish
achieve
accost
to approach or confront aggressively
acumen
keen insight
acute
very sharp; severe
adage
wise; old saying
adept
very skilled
adhere
to stick to
adjourn
to suspend [a meeting] for a period of time
adjunct
a non-essential supplement; something additional; accessory;
admiring
regarding with approval or respect
admonish
to reprove; to warn
adorn
to decorate
advantageous
profitable; helpful
adversary
an enemy; an opponent; a foe
adverse
unfavorable; bringing harm
affable
friendly; easy-going; amiable
affectation
artificial behavior
affluent
rich; wealthy
aforementioned
said or written before
aggrandize
to increase or make greater
aggregate
to gather; amass; combine; collection; collective
aghast
feeling great horror or dismay; struck by amazement
agility
quickness & ease of movement; nimbleness; liveliness
agitate
to stir or shake up
agoraphobia
an abnormal fear of open or public places
aimless
having no purpose
akimbo
with hands on hips and elbows extending outward
akin
related; similar
alacrity
speed; readiness
algid
frigid; cold
allay
to sooth; assuage
allege
to declare without proof
alleviate
to relieve; to ease a pain
allure
to entice; to attract
aloof
detached; reserved; indifferent; distant
altercation
an argument; dispute
altruism
unselfishness; generosity
altruistic
kind
amalgamation
a union; a merger
amateur
not professional; done for pleasure; unskillful
ambivalent
having opposed or mixed feelings or contradictory feelings
amble
to stroll; walk
ameliorate
to improve; to make better
amend
to change; alter slightly
amiable
friendly; affable
amorous
relating to or showing love
amorphous
without shape or borders
amphibian
living in both water and on land
analytical
intending to understand the nature of something
androgynous
bisexual
angular
characterized by sharp angles
animosity
hatred; hostility
annihilate
to destroy entirely
anomaly
something that does not fit into the normal order
antechamber
a waiting room
antidote
substance that counteracts a poison
anxiety
an emotional state of fear and uncertainty; uneasiness
aperture
an opening; a hole
aphorism
a short saying
apiary
place where people keep bees
apocalypse
total devastation; the end of the world
apparel
garb
apparitional
ghostly; spectral
apt
likely; relevant
aqueous
like water; related to water; formed by water
arbitrator
one who settles controversy between two sides
ardent
passionate
arid
extremely dry; very boring
aroma
a pleasant odor
arouse
to awaken
articulate
able to express oneself coherently
artifice
skill or ingenuity
ascertain
to find out with certainty
aspirant
applicant; hopeful
aspire
to hope; to have ambition
assail
to attack violently
assailable
vulnerable
assess
to judge; to determine amount or value
assimilate
adjust; absorb
assuage
to ease; pacify
astound
to astonish greatly
astute
shrewd; observant; clever
atone
to apologize; make amends
atrocious
very wicked; very bad
audacious
bold; daring; fearless
augment
to increase or make larger
austere
very bare; bleak; simple
authoritative
having authority; commanding
aviary
large cage where birds are kept as pets
azure
blue
baleful
harmful; threatening
banal
commonplace & predictable; trite
banish
to exile; to drive away
bard
a poet; often a singer as well
barrage
a curtain of artillery; any prolonged attack
barrier
an obstruction; anything that hinders or blocks
barter
to exchange goods or property
battery
an assault or an array of similar things intended for use together
beguile
to deceive
behold
to look at; to observe
belligerent
contentious; ready to fight; aggressive
benefactor
a donor
beneficial
helpful
benevolent
Kind; good; caring; generous; charitable; well-meaning
benign
non-threatening; innocuous
berate
to scold severely
bereft
without; devoid of
bewildered
to confuse hopelessly; to befuddle
biased
favoring one side or opinion or another; prejudiced; influenced
bide
to wait; or remain in a condition
bile
the bitter; greenish fluid secreted by the liver
bilk
to cheat; to swindle
bind
to tie or fasten
bizarre
very odd or unusual
blandish
to coax through flattery
bliss
great happiness; spiritual joy
bloated
swollen; bigger than desired
boisterous
loud; energetic; cheerfully noisy
botanist
scientist who studies plants
bounty
generosity; a generous gift
bourgeois
middle class
brand
trademark
brash
bold; hasty & reckless; insolent; impudent; lacking in sensitivity
bravado
pretend courage; feigned confidence
brazen
excessively bold; brash
brevity
conciseness; briefness
brig
a two masted ship; a jail on a ship
browbeat
badger; bully
brumal
wintry; relating to winter
brusque
short; abrupt; dismissive
buffet (n)
a spread of food involving choices
buffet (v)
to hit or strike
burgeon
to come forth; blossom
burnish
to polish; to make smooth & shiny
cache
a place where food or treasure is hidden
cacophony
noise; discordant sound
cadence
rhythm
cajole
to persuade; to coax; to urge
callous
harsh; cold; unfeeling
calumny
an attempt to defame another’s reputation
camaraderie
cheerful unity among a group
camouflage
to disguise; to conceal from the enemy
candid
honest; truthful
candor
frankness; sincerity
canine
relating to dogs; like a dog
cantankerous
bad-tempered; quarrelsome; grumpy
canvas
a piece of cloth on which an artist paints
capricious
fickle; impulsive; unpredictable; subject to whim
captivate
to hold the interest of; to gain the attention of
carouse
to revel; to party
cascade
a small; steep waterfall
casement
window
catastrophe
any sudden great disaster
cautious
careful
cavity
a hole
cavort
to frolic; leap; prance
celestial
of the heavens or the sky
censor
to prohibit objectionable material; a person with the authority to prohibit material
chasm
a deep crack in the earth's surface; any large break or gap
choleric
easily angered; very angry; easily annoyed
choreographer
one who devises dances or ballets
chronic
lasting a long time
circulate
to pass around; move from place to place
circumscribe
to draw a line around; to encircle; to limit narrowly
clarity
clearness
classify
to organize in groups or categories
cleave
split
coalesce
to come together; to unite; combine
collision
a crash; a colliding
colossal
immense
communicative
giving or exchanging information or messages
compassion
deep sympathy; pity
compel
force
compelling
demanding of attention
competent
capable; fit for the task
compulsion
force; urge; obligation
conceal
to hide; to keep secret
concise
condensed; brief; to the point
condone
to overlook; to forgive; to allow
confidential
secret
conform
to follow rules; to obey
congenial
friendly; pleasant; agreeable
congregate
to gather together
conserve
to save; prevent wastage
constrict
to make smaller or narrower by squeezing
contemplate
to think about intently
contend
to compete; to struggle; to argue
contentious
quarrelsome; argumentative
contiguous
in contact; touching; near; next
contrivance
plot
convene
to meet; to come together
conventional
traditional
copious
plentiful; large in quantity
corpulence
fatness; obesity
corpulent
obese; fat
corral
shut within
counsel
a lawyer or group of lawyers
countenance
to favor; to support; a person's face or expressions
couplet
two successive rhyming lines of poetry
courier
a messenger
critic
one who judges
cue
a signal; a hint
curvature
a curving; being curved
dawdle
to waste time; to loiter
deadlock
a standstill between equal and opposed forces; an unbreakable tie
dearth
scarcity; insufficiency
debilitate
to weaken; to enfeeble
debris
bits of rubbish and stone
debunk
to discredit
decade
a period of ten years
decay
to spoil; to go bad; to rot
deceit
a lie
declaim
to speak in a dramatic way
decree
an official order or decision
deficient
lacking; incomplete; not enough
deft
skillful
dehydrate
to remove water from
deject
to dishearten; to depress
delude
to mislead; to deceive
deluge
a great flood
demote
to reduce to a lower rank
deplore
to express strong disapproval
desolate
lifeless; empty
desolation
misery; isolation
despicable
deserving scorn; contemptible

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