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Glossary of SOP 2772 Final

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What is gender?
is the psychological state of being female or male
NAME
is the behavioral cultural of psychological traits typically associated w one sex
gender
What is erotic?
is arousing sexual feelings or desires
NAME
this refers to arousing sexual feelings or desires
erotic
NAME
this is the Greek word for love eros
erotic
What is the greek word for erotic and what does it mean?
is greek for eros for love
What is gender identity?
refers to one's personal experience of being male or female
NAME
this refers to one's personal experience of being male or female
idenity
What is gender roles?
refers to the complex clusters of ways in which males and females are expected to behave w/in a given culture
NAME
this refers to the complex clusters of ways in which males and females are expected to behave w/in a given culture
gender roles
What is foreplay?
the mutual sexual stimulation that precedes sexual intercourse
NAME
this is the mutal sexual stimulation that precedes sexual intercourse
foreplay
What is coitus?
refers to sexual intercourse
NAME
this refers to sexual intercourse
coitus
What is human sexualilty?
this is the way in which we experience and express ourselves as sexual beings
NAME
this is the way in which we experience and express our selves as human beings
human sexuality
What are values?
are the qualities in life that are deemed important or unimportant, right or wrong,and desireable or undesireable
NAME
this are the qualities in life that are deemed important or unimportant, right or wrong, and desireable or undesireable
values
What is empirical?
is derived from or based on observation and experimination
NAME
this is derived from or based on observation and experimination
empircal
What is case study?
is a carefully drawn in depth biography of an invidual or a small group of inviduals that may be obtained through interviews, questionaires, and historical records
NAME
is a carefully draw in depth biography of an invidual or a small group of inviduals that may be obtained through interviews, questionaires and historcal records
case study
What is naturlistic observation?
is a method in which organisms are observed in their natural environments
NAME
is a method in which organisms are observed in thier natural evironments
natuaralistic observation
Who was Saint Augustine?
he associated sexual lust w the orginal sin of adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden
NAME
the associated sexual lust w the orginal sin of Adam and Eve in the garden of Eden
Saint Augustine
According to Saint Augustine, what are (5) things that were viewed as an abomination in the eyes of God?
(1)masturbation (2)male on male sexual behavior (3)female on female sexual behavior (4)oral-genital contact (5)intercourse
According to (1), mastrubation, male-male sexual behavior, female-female behavior, oral-genital contact, and intercourse where viewed as in abomination in the eyes of God
Saint Augustine
According to Saint Augustine, masturbation, male-male behavior sexual behavior, female-female behavior, oral-genital contact, and sexual behavior where viewed as (1)
in abomination in the eyes of God
Because of the (1), moive ratings where introduced to alert parents
sexual revolution
Because of the sexual revolution, (1)where introduced to alert parents
moive ratings
When do moive ratings become about?
during the sexual revolution
Who was Masters and Johnson?
they were amoung the first to report direct laboratory observations of inviduals and couples engaged in sexual acts
NAME
they were amoung the first to report direct laboratory observations of inviduals and couples engaged in sexual acts
Masters and Johnson
Masters and Johnson were amoung the first to report (1)of observations of inviduals and couples engaged in sexual acts
direct labatory observations
NAME
they offered the first reliable set of data on what happens to the body during the sexual reponse
masters and johnsons
What are the (4)stages of the sexual response?
(1)exictement (2)plateau (3)orgasm (4)resoluation
NAME
this has four stages:exictement, plateua, orgasm, and resoluation
sexual response
Naturalistic observations can be also called (1)
field study
(1)can be also called field study
naturalistic observation
T or F
case studies can be of a invidual or small group of people
true
NAME
masters and johnsons method of reserach is a example of this
naturalistic observations
Give a example of naturalistic observations
Masters and Johnson's naturalistic observations
What is clitoridectomy?
is the surgical removal of the clitoris
NAME
this is the surgical removal of the clitoris
clitoridectomy
What is a hysterectomy?
is the surgical removal of the uteris
NAME
this is the surgical removal of the uteris
hysterectomy
NAME
this is the 2nd most commonly peformed operation on women in the USA
hysterectomy
What is the 2nd most commonly performed operation on women in the USA?
hysterectomy
Hysterectomy is the (2)most commonly performed operation on women in the USA
2nd
What do some women needs a hysterectomy?
(1)cancer of the uterus (2)ovaries or cervix (3)another disease that cuases pain or excessive uterine bleeding
NAME
this may be performed because of cancer of the uterus, ovaries or cervix, or another disease that causes pain or excessive uterine bleeding
hysterctomy
Many gynceologists believe that (1)is recommended to often before proper diagnostic steps are taken or when less radical interventions might alleviate the problem
hysterctomy
T or F
many gynceologists believe that hysterectomy is recommended to often before proper diagnostic steps are taken or when less radical intervations might help
hysterectomy
Must doctors recommand that if the dr says you need a hysterectomy to get a (1)first
2nd opinion first
T or F
the human female is born w all the ova she will ever have
true
The human female is born w all the (1)she will ever have
ova
The human female is born w all the ova she will even have, but they are (1)
immature in form
T or F
the human female is not born w all the ova she will have
false
How many ova are females born w?
2 million
NAME
females are born w about 2 million of these
ova
How many of female ova survive during puberty?
400,000
During puberty, only about (1)ova survie
400,000
NAME
only about 400,000 of these survive during puberty
ova
What is a follicle?
is a thin capulse that contains one ovary
NAME
this is a thin capusle that contains one ovary
follcile
Follicle is a thin capsule that contains (1)
one ovary
What surrounds or contains the ovary?
follicle
What is in the follicle?
ovary
During a female's reproductive years, how many ova will be used or ripened and released by thier follicles for possible for fertilization?
400 about one per month
NAME
during a female's reproductive years only 400 of these (one per month) will be ripened and released by thier follicles for possible for fertilization
ova
During a female's reproductive years, only about (1)of ova one per month will be ripened and released by thier follicles for possible for fertilization
400
During a female's reproductive years, only about 400 of ova (one per month) will be ripened and released by thier (1)for (2)
(1)follicles (2)possible for fertilization
What are secondary sex characteristics?
traits that distinguish women from men that are not directly involved in reproduction
NAME
these are traist that distinugish women from me that are directly involved in reproduction
secondary sex characteristics
breasts are (1)and (2)
secondary sex characteristics and mammary glands
NAME
these are secondary sex characteristics and mammary glands
breasts
T or F
you need breasts to reproduce
false
Do you need breasts to reproduce?
no
What are mammary glands?
milk secreting glands
NAME
these are milk secreting glands
mammary glands
NAME
these are active during birth
mammary glands
The mammary glands become active during (1)
pregrancy
How many mammary glands does each breat have?
15 to 20
NAME
each one of these has 15 to 20 mammary glands
breast
Each breasts has about (1)mammary glands
15 to 20
Each breast has about 15 to 20 (1)
mammary glands
The mammary glands are separted by (1)
soft fatty tissue
(1)are separated by soft fatty tissue
mammary glands
What deterimines the size of the breast?
the amount of fatty tissue that surrounds the mammary glands
NAME
the amount of fatty tissue that surrounds the mammary glands determines this
breasts
T or F
the size of the glandular tissue determines the size of the breasts
false
What is the least senstive part of the pensis?
the top of the pensis
the top of the pensis is the (1)part of the penisis
least senstitive
What is the root?
is the base of the pensis that extends into the pelvis
NAME
is the base of the pensis that extends into the pensis
root
What is the crura?
are leglike structures that attach the root to the pelvic bone
NAME
these are leglike structures that attach the root to the pelvc bone similar to those that anchor the female's clirtoris
cruca
the cruca in males is similar to the structures that anchor the (1)
female clitoris
the (1)in males is similar to the structures that anchor the female clitoris
cruca
What is the scrotum?
is the pouch of loose skin that contains the testes
Where are the testes located?
the scrotum
NAME
the testes are found here
scrotum
NAME
this is the pouch of loose skin that contains the testes
scrotum
What is the spermatic cord?
is the cord that suspends a testicle w/in the scrotum and contains a vas deferens, blood vessels, nerves, and the cremaster muscle
NAME
this is the cord that suspends a testicle w/in the scrotum and contains the vas deference, blood vessels, nerves, and the cremaster muslce
spermatic cord
NAME
this has two compartments that hold the testes
scrotum
the scortum has (1)compartments that hold the (2)
(1)2(2)testes
What holds the testicle in place?
the spermatic cord
The spermatic cord holds the (1) in place
testicles
NAME
this holds the testicles in place
testicles
What is testosterone in males?
it stimulates prenatal differentiation of male sex organs, sperm production, and development of the secondary sex characterics
NAME
this stimulates the prenatal differentiation of male sex organs, sperm production, and development of the secondary sex characterstics
testosterone
T or F
testosterone is present in females in
true
Do females have testosterone?
yes
in females, what does testosterone associated w?
is associated w low sex drive
NAME
this is associated w sex drive
testosterone
Testosterone is associated w (1)
sex drive
in females, what can testosterone be used for?
to improve thier sex drive or for women that are not attracted to men/thier husbands
NAME
this can be prescribed to females who are not attriacted to males or thier husbands
testosterone
What are side effects of females taking tesosterone?
hair growth (2)growth change
NAME
some of the side effects of this are hair growth and growth change
testosterone
Interstital cells are also called (1)
Leydig's cell
(1)are also called the Leydig's cell
interstitial cells
What are interstitial cells?
they secrete testosterone
NAME
these secrete testosterone
interstitial cells
What does interstitial cells secrete?
testosterone
Give some exmaples of sex characteristics in males? (3)
(1)beard (2)deep voice (3)muscle mass
NAME
some examples of this are a beard, deep voice, and muscle mass
sex characteristics
How does a erection occur?
(1)the spongy, cavernous masses of the pensis are equipped to hold blood (2)it fills w blood causes them to enlarge, like a sponge swells to absorb water
(1)masses of the pensis are equiped to hold blood
spongy, cavernous masses
the spongy, cavernous masses of the penis are equiped to hold (1)
blood
As the erection occurs, the blood filling in the spongy cavernous masses causes the pensis to enlarge like a (1)
sponge swells
NAME
this is a hydraulic event
erection
A erection is a (1)event
hydraulic
What kind of event is the erection?
hydraulic
The erection is a remarkable feat of biological enginerring that involves the cooperation of (1)
the vascular and the nervous system
The (1)is a remarkable fear of biological eginering that involves the cooperation of the vascular and the nervous system
erection
What is the vulva?
is the external sexual structures of the female
NAME
this is the external sexual structures of the female
vulva
What is the labia majora?
are the large folds of skin that run downward from the mons along the side of the vulva
NAME
these are large folds of the skin that run downward from the mons along the side of the vulva
labia majora
The labia majora can also be called the (1)
large lips
(1)can also be called the large lips
labia majora
What is the clitoris?
is a female sex organ consisting of a shaft and glans located above the urethral opening
NAME
this is the female sex organ consisting of a shaft and glans located above the urethral opening
clitoris
NAME
this is extermly sensitive to sexual sensations
clitoris
The clitoris is extermely sesinstive to (1)
sexual sensations
T or F
females need there clitoris to reproduce
false
Clitordectomy is also called (1)
genital mutations
(1)is also refered to as genital mutations
clitoridectomy
Clitordicectomy is is done in predominantly (1)
Islamic cultures in Africa and the middle east
NAME
this is done in predominantly islamic cultures in Africa and the middle east
clitodictomy
what are some complicmations of clitoridectomy?
(2)menstrual (2)urinary problems (3)death (4)infections
NAME
some complicmations of this are menstrual, urinary problems,infections, and death
clitoridectomy
t or F
some people are born w/out a hymen
true
are people born a w hymen?
no
What is the hymen?
is a fold of tissue across the vaginal openings that is usally present at birth and remains at least partly intact until the women engages in sex
NAME
this is a fold of tissue across the vaginal that is usally present at birth and remains at least partly intact until the women engages in sex
hymen
Researchers think that the "magic love potion" may already exist in the form of chemical sercretions known as (1)
pheromones
Reserachers think that the(1) may already exist in the form of chemical secretions known as pheromones
the magic love potion
What are phermones?
are odorless chemicals that may ehance people's moods, have effects on fertility, and provide a basis for sexuaul communication below the level of conscious awareness
NAME
this is odorless chemical that may ehance people's moods, have effects on fertility, and provide a basis for sexual communication below the level of conscious awareness
phermones
NAME
these are released when we sweat such as under the armpits
phermones
Phermones are released when we (1)such as under the (2)
(1)sweat (2)armpits
NAME
these are odorless chemicals detected in animals through the 6th sense
phermones
Phermones are odorless chemicals detected in animals through the (1)
6th sense
Describe a female's orgasms
females can have multiple orgasms
T or F
males can have multiple orgasms
false
NAME
they can have multiple orgasms
females
Females can have (1)orgasms
multiple
How do male and female orgasms differ>
(1)females can have multiple orgasms (2)males have a refractory period
NAME
they have a refractory period
males
Males have a (1)during while orgasing
refractory period
Ograsm in females is manifested by (1)contractions of the pelivic muscles that surround the vaginal barrel
3 to 15
Orgams in (1)is manifested by 3 to 15 contractions of the pelivc muscles that surround the vaginal barrel
females
Orgams in females is manifested by 3 to 15 contractions of the (1)
pelvic muscles that surrond the vaginal barrel
During a female's orgasm, the (1) and (2)also contract rhythmically
uterus and anal sphincter
During a (1)orgasm, the uterus and the anal sphincter also contract rhythmically
female's
During the female;s orgasm, the uterus and the anal sphincter (1)
contract rhythmically
Master and Johnson measured male s and females orgasms through (1)
electric observations
NAME
they measured the male and females orgasms through electric observations
Master and Johnson
What is the major sex organ?
brain
NAME
this is the major sex organ
brain
The brain is considred the (1)organ
major sex
T or F
the actual sex organ such as the penis is the male's major sex organ
false
Which is the major sex organ, the brain or the actual sex organ?
the brain
T or F
many people who have sexual disorders where abused sexual
True
MAny people who have (1)where abused sexual
sexual disorders
MAny people who have sexual disorders where (1)
abused sexual
How does the brain play a major role in the sexual response?
the brain stem and spinal cord have a lot w sexual response
NAME
this plays big role in teh sexual response
the brain
What part of the brain play a big part in the sexual response?
the brain stem and the spinal cord
NAME
these parts of the brain play a big part in the sexual response
the brain stem and the spinal cord
Describe the production of hormones in females
the ovaries produce small amounts of androgens but much larger amounts of the female sex hormones, estrogen, and progesterone
NAME
these produce small amounts of androgens but much larger amounts of the female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone
ovaries
Ovaries produce small amounts of (1)but much larger amounts of the female sex hormones (2)
(1)androgens (2)estrogen and progesterone
the ovaries produce (1)amounts of androgens but much (1)amounts of estrogen and progesterone
(1)smaller (2)larger
NAME
this is one or more additional orgasms following the first, which occur in a short period of time and before the body has returned to the preplateau level of arousal
multiple orgasms
NAME
this is the psychological sate of being female or male
gender
What infleunces gender?
(1)cultural concepts of gender appropriate behavior
NAME
this infleunced by cultural concepts of appripriate behavior
gender
gendera and anatomical sex are often (1)
confused w each other
What is anatomical sex?
is whether a person is female or male based on his or her anatomy
NAME
this is whether a person is a female or male based on his or her anatomy
anatomical sex
What does MIS stand for?
mullerian inhibiting substance
T or F
wout male sex hormones or andorogens we would all develop female external reproductive organs
true
What androgens?
are male sex hormones
NAME
these are male sex hormones
androgens
What is MIS?
this prevents the formation of a number of female internal reproductive organs
NAME
this prevents the formation of a number of female internal reproductive organs
MIS
What would happen if no one had androgens?
we would all develop female external reproductive organs
NAME
without these, we would all develop female external reproductive organs
androgens
How do males and females differ in cognitive abilites?
by assesments of intelligence do not show overall sex differences in cognitive abilities
T or F
Assements of intelligence do show a overall difference in cogintive abilities in males and females
false
In the USa, females generally obtain higher scores on (1)than males
reading
IN the USa, males generally obtain higher scores on (1)than females
math
In the USA, (1)generally obtain higher schores on math than (2)
(1)males (2)females
In the USA, (1)generally obtain higher scores on reading than (2)
(1)females (2)males
during brain development, what does testosterone do?
in the brain of male fetuses, it spurs greater growth of the right hemisphere and the slows the growth rate of the left hemisphere
NAME
in the brain's of male fetuses, this spurs the greater growth of the right hemisphere
testosterone
What is the affects of testostterone may be responsible for?
(1)males abilites to accomplish spatial relation tasks (2)preferences for childhood toys (3)why males and females do better in reading and math scores
NAME
the affects of this on male's fetus may be responsible for males abilties to accomplish spatial relation tasks, preferences for childhood toys, and why male and females do better in math and reading
testosterone
Some aspects of beauty seem to be (1)
cross cultural
NAME
some aspects of the beaty seem to be cross cultural
beauty
Reserach suggest that European Americans, AFrican Americans, Asian Americans, and Latin Americans tend to agree on what they find to be (1)
attrative
Research suggests that (1) tend to agree on what they find to be attractive
European Americans, African Americans, and Latin Americans
What do European Americans, African Americans, and latin American prefer in there women?
they all prefer women (1)with large eyes (2)greater distance btwn the eyes (3)small noses (4)narrower faces w smaller chins (5)higher expressive eyebrows (6)larger lower lips (7)well groomed (8)a full head of hair
NAME
all of these people prefer women who have large eyes, greater distance btwn the eyes, small noses, narrower faces w smaller chins, higher expressive eyebrows, larger lower lips, well groomed, and a full head of hair
European Americans, African Americans, and Latin Americans
What may be relativly more important to a women's apeal? (2)
(1)age (2)health
Age and health may be relatively more important to a women's (1)
appeal
Why is age and health usally more important to a women's sex apeal?
bc these characterostics tend to be associated w her reproductive capacity
NAME
these characteristics tend to be associated w women's reproductive capacity and may be way they are associated w a women's apeal
Age and health
What is infatuation>
is a state of intense absorption in or focus on another person
NAME
this is a state of intense absorption in or focuse on anotehr person
infatuation
What is infatuation usally accompanied w?
(1)sexual desire (2)elation (3)general physiolgical arousal or exictement (4)passion
NAME
this is usally accompanied w sexual desire, elation, general physiolgical arousal or exictment, and passion
infatuation
NAME
this can be represented visually in terms of the congruence of the lover triangles
compatibility
Compatibility can be represented visually in terms of (1)
congruence of the lover traingles
Draw the traingle model of love
see pg 221
What is a consummative love?
is love consisting of all there omponents: intimacy, passion, and commitment
NAME
this is a love consisting of all three components: intimacy, passion, and commitment
consummative love
What is liking?
is when there is only intimacy
NAME
this when there is only intimacy btwn two couples
liking
NAME
example of this include true friendships w out passion and long term commitments
liking
What is a example of liking?
true friendships w out passion
What is a example of a romantic love?
are lover phsycailly and emotionally attracted to each other but w out hte commitment as in a summer romance
NAME
a example of this are lovers physically and emotionally attracted to each other but w out the commitment as in summer romance
romantic love
What is a romantic love?
is a love that only has initmacy and passion

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