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Glossary of SCONA musical terms

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Created by d.white3

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a tempo
play previous tempo
accelerando
gradually increase tempo
adagio
at a walking pace (slow) -slower than andante (50-60)
allegretto
quick and lively - slightly slower than allego
allegro
cheerful, quick, fast 120
andante
moderate, walking pace, 80
andantino
slightly slower than andante, slightly faster than adagio, 60-80
grave
slow and solemn, 30-40
largo
slow, broad, 50-60
lento
slow, 50-60
moderato
moderate pace, 80
presto
very fast
rallentando
gradually slower
ritardando
gradually become slower
ritenuto
become slower immediately
tempo primo
play the very first (original) tempo
vivace
lively, quick
agitato
with extreme emotion
alla macia
in a march style
animato
to play with extreme emotion
appassionato
to play emotionally
bravura
bold
brillante
spakling
cantabile
in a singing style
dolce
gentle, sweetly
expressivo
to play emotionally
grandioso
majestic
grazioso
graceful
legato
smooth and connected
maestoso
majestic
morendo
dying away
mosso
move
scerzando
jolly, happy, dance-like
sostenuto
sustained
staccato
short and detatched
tenuto
to hold notes full value
tranquillo
calm, quiet
crescendo
gradually get louder
decrscendo
gradually get softer
diminuendo
gradually get softer
forte
strong, loud
fortissimo
very strong, very loud
f-p
first time through is loud, second time is soft
mezzo forte
medium strong, loud
mezzo piano
medium soft
pianissimo
very soft
piano
soft
fp
forte piano, beginning is strong, then goes softer
sforzando
incredibly strong accent followed by dynamic change
sf
sudden strong accent, loudest you can have
AB BINARY
a section then b section
ABA
opening (happy), middle (slow), opening again
attaca
play the next movement with no break
coda
tail, the ending
cadenza
elaborate solo passage, virtuosic
caesura
sudden break in music, cut
dc al fine
go to beginning, play until fine.
ds al fine
go to sign, play until fine
double bar
end of music
fermata
hold 2.5 times (really just watch conductor)
fine
the end
first ending
only play it once, a section you only play once
phrase
musical sentence
pickup note (anacrusis)
when melody starts on a weak beat (only beat one is strong!)
repeat signs
require you to play a section multiple times
rondo
ABA CABA
second ending
only played one time (in a repeated section)
theme and variations
a type of form where there is an original theme and it is altered multiple times
con
with

l'istesso
the same (tempo often)
loco
play as written
meno
less
molto
very
piu
more
poco a poco
little by little
senza
without
simile
the same
subito
suddenly
tacet
do not play
tutti
all together
8va
displace music by an octave
a^2
all together
accidental
a sharp, flat, or natural not in key sig
ad lib
at performers liberty
arpeggio
1,3,5,8 of a major scale or a broken chord
bar line
separates measures
bass clef
f clef, identifies f as the reference pitch for all other notes
cadence
resting place in the music
chorale
hymn-like piece
chromatic scale
playing all the notes within one octave
clef
determines note placement on the staff
compound time
time that can be divided by 3
diatonic
only the notes within one key
divisi
2 melodic lines on one staff
dotted notes and rests
dot adds half the value of the note
double flat
two half steps down
double sharp
2 half steps up
embouchure
the shape of your mouth when you play a wind instrument
enharmonic tones
2 names for the same note
extended restss
multimeasure rests, more than one measure included in a rest
flat
lowers not by semitone
hemiola
3 beats placed in the space of 2
key signature
the symbols that identify a song's toneality
leger line
lines that extend the staff above or below
measure
space between 2 bar lines
natural
cancels out a sharp or flat
semitone (half step)
the smallest interval between 2 notes
sharp
raises the note a halfstep
simple time
time that can be divided by 2
slurring
smoothly connecting notes
staff
5 lines 4 spaces
syncopation
to accent the weak beat
time signature
top- how many beats in a bar
bottom- what kind of note gets the beat
tone
made of 2 semitones
whole step
made of 2 semitones
tonguing
articulating notes with your tongue
treble clef
g clef. identifies g as the reference pitch for other notes

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