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Glossary of SAT Vocab. Words

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abandon (n)
total lack of inhibition
abase
to humiliate; disgrace
abate
to reduce, decrease
abdicate
to give up a position, power, right
aberration
something different from the usual
abet
to aid, act as accomplice
abeyance
temporary suppresion or suspension
abhor
to detest; loathe
abject
pitiful, miserable
abjure
to reject, abandon formally
ablution
act of cleansing
abnegate
to deny; renounce
abolitionist
one who opposes the practice of slavery
abortive
interrupted while incomplete
abridge
to condense; shorten
abrogate
to put an end to, abolish by authority
abscond
to depart secretly
absolve
to forgive, free from blame
abstain
to choose not to do something
abstract (adj)
theoretical; complex; difficult
abstruse
difficult to comprehend
accede
to express approval; agree to
accessible
attainable, available; approachable
accessory
attachment, ornament, accomplice, partner
accolade
praise, distinction
accost
to approach and speak to someone
accretion
growth in size or increase in amount
accrue
to accumulate, grow by additions
acerbic
bitter, sharp in taste or temper
acme
highest point; summit
acquiesce
to agree; comply quietly
acquittal
release from blame
acrid
harsh, bitter
acrimony
bitterness; animosity
acuity
sharpness
acumen
sharpness of insight
acute
sharp, pointed, severe
adage
old saying or proverb
adamant
uncompromising; unyielding
adapt
to accomodate, adjust
adhere
to cling or follow without deviations
adjacent
next to
adjunct
something added, attached, or joined
admonish
to caution or reprimand
adroit
skillful, accomplished, highly competent
adulation
high praise
adulterate
to mke impure or to corrupt
adumbrate
to sketch, outline in a shadowy way
advantageous
favorable, useful
adversarial
antagonistic, competitive
adverse
unfavorable, unlucky, harmful
aerial
having to do with the air
aerie
nook or nest built high in the air
aerodynamic
relating to objects moving through the air
aesthetic
pertaining to beauty or art
affable
friendly, easy to approach
affected (adj)
pretentious; phony
affinity
fondness; liking, similarity
affluent
rich, abundant
affront (n)
personal offense, insult
agenda
plan, schedule
aggrandize
to make larger or greater in power
aggregate (n)
collective mass or sum; total
aggrieve
to afflict, distress
agile
well coordinated, nimble
agitation
commotion, excitement, uneasiness
agnostic
one who doubts that God exists
agrarian
relating to farming or rural matters
alacrity
cheerful willingness; eagerness; speed
alchemy
medieval chemical philosophy aimed at trying to change metal into gold
algorithm
mechanical problem-solving procedure
alias
assumed name
alienated
distanced, estranged
aligned
precisely adjuted, committed to one side
allay
to lessen, ease, or sooth
allegory
symbolic representation
alleviate
to relieve, improve partially
alliteration
repetition of the beginning sounds of words
allocation
allowance, portion, share
allure (v)
to entice by charm; attract
allusion
indirect reference
allusiveness
quality of making many indirect references
aloof
detached, indifferent
altercation
noisy dispute
altruism
unselfish concern for others' welfare
amalgamate
to mix, combine
ambidextrous
able to use both hands equally well
ambiguous
uncertain; subject to multiple interpretations
ambivalence
attitude of uncertainty; conflicting emotions
ameliorate
to make better, improve
amenable
agreeable, cooperative
amend
to improve or correct flaws in
amenity
pleasantness; something increasing comfort
amiable
friendly, pleasant, likable
amicable
friendly, agreeable
amity
friendship
amoral
unprincipaled, unethical
amorous
strongly attracted to love, showing love
amorphous
having no definite form
amortize
to diminish by installment payments
amphibian
creature equally at home on land or in water
amphitheater
arena theater with rising tiers around a central open space
ample
abundant, plentiful
amplify
increase, intensify
amulet
ornament worn as a charm against evil spirits
anachronism
something chronologically inapproriate
anachronistic
outdated
analogous
comparable; parallel
anarchy
abscence of government or law; chaos
anathema
ban, curse, something shunned or disliked
ancillary
accessory; subordinate; helping
anecdote
short, usually funny account of an event
angular
characterized by sharp angles; lean and gaunt
animation
enthusiasm, excitement
animosity
hatred; hostility
annul
to cancel, nullify, declare void, or to make legally invalid
anodyne
something that calms or soothes pain
anoint
to apply oil to, especially as a sacred rite
anomaly
irregularity or deviation from the norm
anonymity
condition of having no name or an unknown name
antagonist
foe, opponent, adversary
antecedent (adj)
coming before in place or time
antediluvian
prehistoric; ancient beyond measure
antepenultimate
third from last
anterior
preceding, previous, before, prior (to)
anthology
a collection of literary works
anthropomorphic
attributing to human qualities to nonhumans
antipathy
dislike, hostility, extreme opposition or aversion
antiquated
outdated, obsolete
antiquity
ancient times, the quality of being old
antithesis
exact opposite or direct contrast
apathetic
indifferent, unconcerned
apathy
lack of feeling or emotion
aphasia
inability to speak or use words
aphelion
point in a planet's orbit that is farthest from the sun
aphorism
old saying or short, pithy statement
aprocryphal
not genuine, fictional
apostate
one who renounces a religious faith
apostrophe
an address to the reader or someone not present
apotheosis
glorification, glorified ideal
appease
to satisfy, placate, calm, pacify
approbation
priase, official approval
appropriate (v)
to take possession of
aquatic
belong or living in water
arable
suitable for cultivation
arbitrary
depending solely on individual will; inconsistent; random
arbitrate
mediate, negotiate
arboreal
relating to trees, living in trees
arboretum
place where trees are displayed and studied
arcane
secret, obscure, known only to a select few
archaic
antiquated, from an earlier time, outdated
archipelago
large group of islands
ardent
passionate, enthusiastic, fervent
ardor
great emotion or passion
arduous
extremely difficult, laborious
arid
extremely dry or deathly borign
arraign
to call to court to answer an indictment
arrogate
to demand, claim arrogantly
arsenal
ammunition storehouse
articulate (adj)
well spoken, expressing oneself clearly
artifact
historical relic, item made by human craft
artisan
craftsperson, expert
ascend
to rise or climb
ascendancy
state of rising, ascending, power or control
ascertain
to determine, discover, make certain of
ascetic
self-denying, abstinent, austere
ascribe
to attribute to, assign
ashen
resembling ashes, deathly pale
askew
crooked, tilted
aspersion
false rumor, damaging report, slander
aspire
to have great hopes, to aim at a goal
assail
to attack, assault
assent
to express agreement
assert
to affirm; attest
assiduous
diligent, persistent, hard-working
assignation
appointment for lovers' meeting; assignment
assimilation
act of blending in, becoming similar
assonance
resembling in sound, especially in vowel sounds; partial rhyme
assuage
to make less severe, ease, relieve
astringent
harsh, severe, stern
astute
having good judgment
asunder(adv)
into different parts
asymmetrical
not corresponding in size, shape, position, etc
atone
to make amends for a wrong
atrocious
monstrous, shokingly bad, wicked
atrophy
to waste away, wither from disuse
attain
to accomplish, gain
attenuate
to make thin or slender, weaken
attest
to testify, stand as proof of, bear witness
audacious
bold, daring, fearless
audible
capable of being heard
audit
formal examination of financial records
auditory
having to do with hearing
augment
to expand, extend
augury
prophecy, prediction of events
august
dignified, awe-inspiring, venerable
auspicious
haivng favorable prospects, promising
austere
stern, strict, unadorned
authoritarian
extremely strict, bossy
autocrat
dictator
autonomous
separate, independent
auxiliary
supplementary, reserve
avarice
greed
avenge
to retaliate; take revenge for an injury or crime
aver
to declare to be true; affirm
aversion
intense dislike
avert
to turn (something) away, prevent; hinder
aviary
large enclosure housing birds
avow
to state openly or declare
awry
crooked, askew, amiss
axiom
premise, postulate, self-evident truth
baleful
harmful, with evil intentions
balk
to refuse, shirk, prevent
ballad
folk song, narrative poem
balm
soothing, healing influence
ban
to forbid, outlaw
banal
trite, overly common
bane
something causing death, destruction, or ruin
banter
playful conversation
bastion
fortification, stronghold
bay (v)
to bark, especially in a deep, prolonged way
becalm
to make calm or still, keep motionless by lack of wind
becloud
to confuse, darken with clouds
beguile
to deceive, mislead, charm
behemoth
huge creature
belabor
to insist repeatedly or harp on
belated
late
beleaguer
to harrass, plague
belfry
bell tower, room in which a bell is hung
belie
to misrepresent, expose as false
belittle
to represent as unimportant, make light of
bellicose
warlike, aggressive
belligerent
hostile, tending to fight
bellow
to roar, shout
bemuse
to confuse, stupefy, plunge deep into thought
benchmark
standard of pressure
benefactor
someone giving aid or money
beneficient
kindly, charitable, doing good deeds, producing good effects
benighted
unenlightened
benign
kindly, gentle, or harmless
bequeath
to give or leave through a will, to hand down
berate
to scold harshly
beseech
to beg, plead, implore
bestial
beastly, animal-like
bestow
to give as a gift
betoken
to indicate, signify, give evidence of
bevy
group
bias
prejudice, slant
bibliography
list of books
bibliophile
book lover

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