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Glossary of Rhetorical Devices - GHUM 200

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Created by defygravity09

Systrophe
heaping together many definitions of one thing ("love is patient, love is kind, etc.)

LOGOS

Restrictio
after making a general statement, one excepts a part (Blah, blah, blah, BUT...)

LOGOS

Encomium
high praise and extolling of qualities

LOGOS

Antonomasia
substitutes a descriptive phrase for a proper name for a quality associated (ie Casanova)
Synecdoche
part for a whole, whole for a part

"Lend me a hand" LOGOS

Metonymy
Substituting an attribute of a thing

"Step on the gas!" LOGOS

Personification
Giving human qualities to a non-human

LOGOS

Contraries
represent disorder and confusion by looking at contradictions and contraries (like an oxymoron)

LOGOS

Simile
Comparison using "like" or "as"

LOGOS

Metaphor
Comparison saying something IS something else

LOGOS

Exergasia
augments the same thought by repetition in many figures

(Hear the right, o Lord, attend unto my cry, give me ear to prayer)

LOGOS



Asteismus
a word is used and reused by another with a twist

(banter)

LOGOS



Saracasmus
Use of mockery, verbal taunts, or bitter irony

PATHOS

Epiplexis
One asks a question to chide or reprehend

PATHOS

Obtestatio
vehement supplication; lowering oneself

PATHOS

Comprobatio
Approving and commending a virtue, especially in the hearers (making people feel good about themselves by raising your own status)

ETHOS

Parrhesia
Respectful protest. Either to speak candidly or to ask forgiveness for so speaking.
Paralipsis
Figure where in protesting to withhold information, the person tells all anyway
Grammar: parentheses and apposition
insertion of a verbal unit that interrupts normal syntactical flow
Grammar: asyndenton
Removing conjunctions
Grammar: polysyndeton
Adding conjunctions
Grammar: alliteration
Repeating beginning consonant sounds
Grammer: Assonance
Repeating vowel sounds
Grammar: anaphora
Beginning a series of clauses with the same phrase or word

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