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Glossary of Psych111Ch16

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Created by lazyfoot10

Psychoanalysis
Free Association: Clients express themselves without censorship
Interpretation: Explanations
Dream Analysis
Resistance: Try to avoid further confrontation
Transference: Project feeling and expectations from past onto therapist
Working through: Process problems




Psychodynamic Therapy
Less intense form of psychoanalytic therapy

Emphasizes the role of: Making the unconscious conscious, Early childhood experiences, Interpersonal relationships

Humanistic/Person-Centered Psychotherapy
Carl Rogers
Therapists don't tell the patient how to solve their problems
People are inherently good and doing the best they can
Unconditional positive regard
"What people really need is a good listening to"



Behavioral Therapy
Focuses on specific problem behaviors, Identify and quantify the problem, Design and implement a strategy for behavior change

Ex. Working with disruptive behavior in children

Operant Procedures: Positive reinforcement, negative punishment



Systematic Desensitization
Gradually exposed to what they fear

Behavioral Therapy

Flooding/exposure therapy
Immediately experience their greatest fear, with no aversive consequences

Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive Therapy
Replace irrational and negative beliefs with more rational and adaptive ones
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy
Treatments that attempt to replace maladaptive or irrational cognitions with more adaptive, rational cognitions
Also help engage in enjoyable activities
Effective for: Depression, Anxiety disorders, Eating disorders, PTSD
ABCs: Different people have different beliefs, which means different reactions


Family Therapy

Strategic family interactions

Strategic family therapy



Focus of treatment is on the family itself

SF Interactions: Designed to remove barriers to effective communication, Promote problem solving, communication

SF Therapy: Deeply involve themselves in family activities to change how family members arrange and organize interactions



Interpersonal Therapy
Treatment that strengthens social skills and targets interpersonal problems, conflicts, and life transitions
Group therapy
Therapy that treats more than one person at a time
Efficient, time-saving
Receive support, exchange info
Ex. Alcoholics anonymous


Broad Class of Medication: Antianxiety Medications
Valium, Xanax

For blood pressure heartbeat, etc.

Broad Class of Medication: Antidepressants
Panic, anxiety disorders, eating disorders, social phobia

Zoloft, Prozac

Broad Class of Medication: Mood Stabilizers
Bipolar Disorder

Lithium

Broad Class of Medication: Antipsychotics
Tourette Syndrome, bipolar

Seroquel, Zyprexa

Broad Class of Medication: Psychostimulants and other medications
Adderall, Ritalin

ADHD, etc.

Electroconvulsive Therapy
Brief electrical pulses to the brain which produce a seizure
"Rebooting" the brain
Empirically supported techniques
Those on list are proven effective
Others may be effective, but not yet proven
Reasons why ineffective treatments sometimes seem to work
Spontaneous remission: People can all of a sudden just get better
The placebo effect
Self-serving biases: People who invest a lot of money might persuade themselves
Regression to the mean: If someone comes in really bad, odds are they will get better anyway
Retrospective rewriting of the past: Believe we have improved because our memories have changed



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