Glossary of Psych111Ch15

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Difference between Axis 1 and 2

Organized into classes:
Explicit criteria defining psychological disorders

Axis 1: Major mental disorders
Axis 2: Personality disorders and mental retardation

Prevalence rates:
Bipolar I

Anything: 1/3
Schizophrenia: Less than 1%
Bipolar I: .4% to 1.6%

Generalized Anxiety Disorder
Spend 60% of the day worrying
Anxious thoughts, feel irritable, trouble sleeping, body tension and fatigue
Panic Attacks/ Panic Disorder
Panic Attack: Pounding heart, sweating, shaking, trouble breathing, chest pain, nausea, dizziness, fear of losing control or dying, Usually last 10 min
Panic Disorder: Repeated and unexpected panic attacks
Leads to avoidance, "Fear the fear"
Impacts daily functioning (job, social life)


Specific phobias
Social Phobia

A phobia is a fear that restricts our lives, creates considerable distress, or both

Agoraphobia: Fear of being in a place or situation in which escape is difficult or embarrassing
Specific phobia: Intense fear of objects, places, or situations that is greatly out of proportion to their actual threat
Social phobia: Marked fear of public appearances in which embarrassment of humiliation seems likely, More than just stage fright

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Repeated and lengthy immersion in obsession, compulsions, or both

Obsessions: Persistent intrusions of unwelcome thoughts, images, or impulses that elicit anxiety Ex. Germs

Compulsions: Irresistible urges to carry out certain acts or rituals that elicit anxiety Ex. Checking, handwashing

Major Depressive Disorder
Major Two Symptoms: Depressed mood (or cranky), Diminished interest in pleasure

Others: Appetite changes, Weight loss/gain, insomnia, fatigue, feeling worthless or guilty, trouble concentrating/making decisions, recurrent thoughts of death/suicide

Bipolar 1 Disorder, Manic Episode
Manic Episode: Elevated/expansive mood, inflated self-esteem, reduced need for sleep, talks too much/too fast, racing thoughts, increased productivity, risk taking

50% experience a depressive episode
.4-1.6% lifetime prevalence
Not just "mood swings"
10-15% die by suicide
Women tend to have depression, then mania (men other way)

Disturbance in thinking, language, emotion, and relationships with others
Less than 1% of the population
Disorganized speech
Disorganized or catatonic behavior
Flat affect (limited emotional expression)
Withdrawal from activities and other people

Biopsychosocial Model
Social and environmental

Suicide Facts
3rd leading cause of death among 15-24 year olds
90% have a diagnosable mental health condition
Men use guns more

Suicide Risk Factors
#1 is previous suicide attempt
Mental health diorders
Substance abuse
Legal issues
Unemployment/Financial stress
Lack of social support

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