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Glossary of Psych111Ch12

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Created by lazyfoot10

3 Approaches:

Stressors as stimuli
Stress as a transaction
Stress as a response



Stimuli: Focuses on identifying different types of stressful events, ranging from job loss to combat
Ex. Breakup harder for younger people
Transaction: Some people view things as stressful that others may not
Response: Assess people's psychological and physical reactions to stressful circumstances


Selye's General Adaptation Syndrome

GAS

Alarm: Excitation
Resistance: Find ways to cope
Exhaustion: Resistance breaks down, bottoms out

Tend and Befriend
Reaction that mobilizes people to nurture or seek social support under stress

Women do more, but depends on the situation

Depressive vs. Optimistic Explanatory Styles
Depressive: It's my fault, It's going to last, If affects all parts of my life

Optimistic: It's something in my situation, It's going to be over soon, Only affects a small part of my life

PTSD
Anxiety disorder triggered by an extremely stressful event, like combat
Pathways from Stress to Illness
Negative emotional stress to unhealthy behaviors to illness
Negative emotional stress to unhealthy behaviors to weakened immune system to illness
Negative emotional stress to stress hormones to weakened immune system to illness

Types of Coping:
Proactive
Problem-focused
Emotion-focused


Proactive: Positively-focused striving for goals, anticipate
Problem-focused: Tackle life's challenges head-on, Challenge accepted
Emotion-focused: Positive outlook on feelings and emotions

Types of control that can relive stress:
Behavioral
Cognitive
Decisional
Informational
Emotional




Behavioral: Reduce impact of a stressful situation before it comes
Cognitive: Think differently about negative emotions
Decisional: Alternate courses of action
Informational: Acquire info about stressful event
Emotional: Suppress and express emotions, Write in diary, open up



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