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Glossary of Procedures Test 2-Spine Pathology, etc.

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rheumatoid arthritis variant involving the sacroiliac joints and spine
ankylosing spondylitis
disruption in the continuity of bone
fracture
fracture that causes compaction of bone and a decrease in length or width
compression fracture
comminuted fracture of the ring of C1
Jefferson fracture
rupture or prolapse of the nucleus pulposus into the spinal canal
herniated nucleus pulposus (slipped disk)
rupture of nucleus pulposus into vertebral canal, impinging on spinal nerve
herniated nucleus pulposus (slipped disk)
In what area does HNP (slipped disk) most often occur?
Lumbar region
abnormally increased convexity in the thoracic curvature
kyphosis
excessive dorsal curvature of thoracic spine
kyphosis
abnormal increase in the anterior concavity (posterior convexity) of the thoracic spine
kyphosis
abnormally increased concavity of the cervical and lumbar spine
lordosis
abnormal increase in anterior convexity (posterior concavity) of the lumbar or cervical curve
lordosis
transfer of a cancerous lesion from one area to another
metastases
form of arthritis marked by progressive cartilage deterioration in synovial joints and vertebrae
osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease)
increased density of atypically soft bone
osteopetrosis
loss of bone density
osteoporosis
lateral deviation of the spine with possible vertebral rotation
scoliosis
abnormal lateral curvature of the spine
scoliosis
abnormal lateral curvature of vertebral column with some associated rotation of the vertebral bodies at the curve
scoliosis
Scoliosis causes vertebrae to rotate toward the _________. The vertebral column then develops a ________ or _______ curve in the opposite direction to keep head centered over feet.
concavity; secondary; compensatory
Scoliosis may be caused by _________, _______, or _______, but is frequently _________
disease; trauma; surgery; idiopathic
When is scoliosis commonly detected?
Adolescence
failure of the posterior encasement of the spinal cord to close
spina bifida
failure of the laminae to unite posteriorly at the midline; is a congenital defect
spina bifida
In serious cases of _________, the spinal cord may protrude from the body
spina bifida
forward (anterior) (dis)placement of a vertebra over a lower vertebra, usually L5-S1
spondylolisthesis
Where does spondylolisthesis most often occur?
L-spine
breaking down of the vertebra
spondylolysis
acquired bony defect occurring in pars interarticularis, the area of the lamina between the 2 articular processes, and which may occur on 1 or both sides of vertebra, resulting in spondylolisthesis
spondylolysis
incomplete or partial dislocation
subluxation
new tissue growth where cell proliferation is uncontrolled
tumor
malignant neoplasm of plasma cells involving bone marrow and causing destruction of the bone
multiple myeloma

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