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Glossary of Police Ops Final Exam

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The 2005 Uniform Crime Report indicates that, nationally, violent crime was ______ compared with the 2004 figures.
Up 2.5%
Prior to the Rand Study, it was common for police departments to have policies and procedures in place that emphasized:
The retroactive investigation of past crimes by detectives
The Rand Study was called _____.
The criminal investigation process
The Rand Corporation found that ____ of a detective's time was spent on activities that did not lead directly to solving previously reported crimes.
93%
The Rand report said that ____ of all detectives could be replaced without negatively influencing crime clearance rates.
Half
The single most important determinant of whether or not a case will be solved is the information the victim supplies to the ____.
Immediately responding patrol officer
the idea that detective work is glamorous, exciting, and dangerous, as it is depicted in the movies and on television is called:
Detective mystique
The Managing Criminal Investigations program involves all of the following except:
Locating and interviewing the victim and witnesses, detecting physical evidence, and preparing an initial investigative report that will serve as a guide for investigators
The Managing Criminal Identification program is designed to put most of an investigator's time and effort into:
Only very important cases and into cases that actually can be solved
Nationally, police are only able to clear ____ of all violent crimes reported to them.
50%
Programs concentrating investigative resources on career criminals are called:
Repeat Offender Programs
The vast majority of all arrests are made:
are crimes of disorder, not serious offenses. Example drugs
Nationally, police are only able to clear ____ of all property crimes reported to them.
17%
Marvin Wolfgang discovered that most predatory street crime in the United States is committed by:
Repeat offenders
Decoy operations are most effective in detecting and arresting all of the following:
Prostitution, street crime, drug sales, theft
Everything we do with, for, and to each other as citizens and human beings is the definition of:
Human relations
The human relations training program that is designed to provide participants an opportunity to learn more about themselves and their on others is called:
T-Groups, Encounter groups
In a Gallup poll regarding how much respect the public had for police officers, the majority of people answered:
Great deal of respect
The Gallup Organization found that although 25 percent of whites believed there was a problem with police brutality in their area, ____ of blacks felt there was a problem.
67%
According to research James Q. Wilson, most police officers feel that the public:
Does not respect or support them
Most of the tension between police officers and members of minority groups has focused on police relationships with:
African Americans
Of all the FBI Index crimes, the one that occurs most each year is:
Larceny/Theft
Of all the FBI Index crimes, the one that occurs least each year is:
Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter.
The number of arrests made by police in the United States each year is:
13 million
"Evidence that leads a person of reasonable caution to believe a crime has been committed" is the definition of:
Probable Cause
The case allowed certain searches incident to arrest.
Chimel v. California
This constitutional amendment states, "The right that no warrants shall issue but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized."
Fourth Amendment
This constitutional amendment protects against unreasonable searches and seizures.
Fourth Amendment
This national survey is based on reports made to the police from crime victims.
Uniform Crime Report
This national survey is based on a random survey of American homes.
National Crime Victim Survey
This national survey is prepared by the FBI.
FBI's National Incident-Based Reporting System
The right to counsel contained within the Miranda ruling applies only when the subject of an interrogation:
Is in custody
Which of the following provides the most expectation of privacy?
Residence or hotel, public places which have been specifically provided by business or the public sector to ensure privacy. Ex: restrooms, phone booth
Which of the following is not an exception to the search warrant requirement?
Search incident to lawful arrest, plain view exception, consent, stop and frisk, automobile exception, emergencies/hot pursuit
When conducting a stop and frisk, officers may search:
A citizen; vehicle
The first police department with a computer system (in 1964) was:
St. Louis
Today, computerization is suitable for:
Computer crimes; keeping records of offenders
By 2003, ____ percent of local police departments participated in an emergency 911 system.
92%
The National Crime Information Center (NCIC) collects and retrieves data about:
People wanted for crimes
NCIC means:
National Crime Information Center
_____ is a system of digitizing a picture and storing its image on a computer so that it can be retrieved at a later time.
Mug shot imaging
Modus operandi indicates:
"mode of operation"; methods employed by perpetrators.
AFIS means:
Automated Fingerprint Identification System
What is used in the examination of hairs, fibers, and paints?
Forensic examination, trace evidence, comparison analysis
What is used in the examination of guns and bullets?
Ballistics; Scientific analysis
the examination of dead bodies is called:
Autopsy
Deoxyribonucleic acid is otherwise known as:
DNA
The first scientist to use DNA profiling in a criminal case was:
Sir Alec Jefferys

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