Glossary of Poli Sci. chapter 24
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- An executive branch in which power and policy implementation are divided among several executive agencies rather than centralized under one person; the governor does not get to ppoint most agency heads.
- Plural executive
- The constitutional declaration that the lieutenant governor succeeds to the governorship of there is a vacancy
- The governor in his or her role as the official head representing the state fo Texas in its relationships with the national gov., other states, and foreign dignitaries.
- Chief of state
- The governor, as the top official of te executive branch of the Texas state government
- Chief executive officer
- The governor in his or her role as head of the state militia
- Commander in chief
- The governor, who is charged with preparing the state budget proposal for the legislature
- chief budget officer
- The governor's authority to reduce the legnth of a person's prison sentence.
- Message that the governor delivers to the legislature, pronouncing policy goals, budget priorities, and authorizations for the legislature to act.
- Governor's message
- A process by which a governor, when selecting an appointee, defers to the state senator in whose district the nominee resides
- senatorial courtesy
- Higher and lower numbers, respectively, than would be expected from a group in comparison with that group's numbers in the general population
- overrepresentation and underrepresentation
- The elected offical who is the chief counsel for the state of Texas
- attorney general
- The elected official who is the state's tax collector.
- Comptroller of public accounts
- The elected official responsible for managing and leasing the state's property, including oil, gas, and mineral interests
- Land commissioner
- The elected state offical in charge of regulating and promoting agriculture.
- Agriculture commissioner
- Terms of office for members of boards and commissions that begin and end at different times, so thta a governor is a majority of the body for a long time
- Staggered terms
- A full-time, three-memebr paid commission elected bythe people to regulate oil and gas and some transportation entities
- Railroad commission
- The fifteen-member elected body that sets some education policy for the state and has limited authority to oversee the Texas Education Agency and local school districts.
- State Board of Education
- The state agency that oversees local school districts and disburses state funds to districts.
- Texas Education Agency
- A statute containing Texas's rule-making process
- Administrative Procedures Act
- The state official appointed by the governor to be the keeper of the state's records, such as state laws, election data and filings, public notifacations, and corporate characters.
- Texas secretary of state
- A full-time, three-memeber paid commission appointed by the governor to regulate public utilities in Texas
- Public Utility Commission
- A government commission recieving petitions from companies or individuals, hearing evidence in a hearing similar to a judicial proceeding, and ruling on the petition.
- A full-time, three-memebr paid commission appointed by the governor to adminsiter the state's enviornmental programs. (Formerly the Texas Natural Resource Conservation Commission)
- Texas Commission on Enviornmental Quality
- The official appointed by the governor to direct the Department of Insurance and regulate the insurance industry
- insurance commissioner
- The official appointed by the governor to oversee the state's multi-agency healthand human service programs
- executive commissioner fo health and human services commission
- A government regulatory agency that consistently makes decisions favorable to the private interests that it regulates.
- captutred agency
- Officials appointed by the governor to represent the public before regulatory agencies.
- Public councels
- A law that sets a date for a program or regularization to expire unless reauthorized by the legislature
- sunset law
- A term used for policies that open up agencies to public participation and scrutiny and that minimize conflicts of interest.
- good government
- A unit of measurement for number of employees
- Full-time equivalent (FTE)
- AN exchange of personnel between private interests and public regulators.
- revloving door
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