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Glossary of Pinecrest Academy Henle Latin II

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Caesar-ris
Caesar
hortor, hortari, hortatus sum
to encourage, exhort
vereor, vereri, veritus sum
to fear
sequor, sequi, secutus sum
to follow
patior, pati passus sum
to suffer, allow
orior, oriri, ortus sum
to arise
loquor, loqui, locutus sum
to speak, say
proficiscor, proficisci, profectus sum
to go out
aggredior, aggredi, aggressus sum
to walk toward, approach, attack
cum (conj)
when
cohortor, cohortari, cohortatus sum
to exhort, urge
progredior, progredi, progressus sum
to walk forward, progress, advance
dubius, a, um
doubtful
uncertain
nihil (nil)
nothing
nihil (adv)
not
not at all
sub (w. abl. or accus)
with abl: under, at the foot of (implies rest)
with accus: to under (implies motion)
sub (w. acc.)
below
under
qui, quae, quod (relative pronoun)
who which what
committo, committere, commisi, commissus
to commit
to start
proelium committo
to commit to battle
to start battle
angustiae
defile
a narrow place
difficulties
inquit
he says
he said
peccatum, i
mistake
sin
ante (prep.)
before
in front of
extremus, a , um
outermost
farthest
last
superior, superius
higher
previous
former
summus, a, um
highest
greatest
very great
ulterior, ulterius
farther
ultimus, a, um
last
outermost
medius, a, um
middle
eo, ire, ivi, itum
to go
certus, a, um
certain
sure
certiorem facio
literally: to make (someone) more certain
therefore: TO INFORM
quam (adv.)
than
apud
among
in the presence of
exeo, exire, exii(ivi), exitus
to go from, leave
transeo, transire, transii(ivi), transitus
to go across, cross
ineo, inire, inii(ivi), initus
to go into
to enter
adeo, adire, adii(ivi), aditum
to visit
to approach
to go toward
hora, ae
hour
dies, -iei
day
mille, milis
thousand
milia, miliorum
mile
decem
ten
quattuor
four
pes, pedis
foot
passus, us
step, pace (a pace was 5 Roman feet)
mille passuum
a mile (a mile was 5000 Roman feet)
diu, adv.
a long time
long (of time)
parum (adv)
little
too little
parum (indecl. noun; w. genative)
too little
not enough
satis (adv)
sufficiently
satis (indecl. noun w. gen.)
enough
tuto (adv)
safely
multum (adv)
many
facile adv.
easily
ullus, a, um
any
nullus, a, um
no
none
solus, a, um
alone
only (as an adjective)
totus,a, um
whole
all of
the whole of
unus, a, um
one
crux, crucis
cross
classis, classis
(abl. e or i)
fleet
cohors, cohortis
cohort
consul, consulis
consul
auctoritas, auctoritatis
authority
influence
libertas, libertatis
liberty
timor, timoris
fear
barbarus, a, um
barbarian
foreign
firmus, a, um
strong
vigorous
plurimus, a, um
very many
the greatest number
(pl.) the most
idoneus, a, um
with dat. or ad with acc.
suitable
proper
convenient
proximus, a, um
with dat.
nearest
next
paco, pacare, pacavi, pacatus
pacify
incolo, incolere, incolui
inhabit
dwell in
capio, capere, cepi, captus
take
capture
jacio, jacere, jeci, jactus
throw
hurl
-ne
added to emphatic word (usually verb) and put first in sentence
particle used in asking questions
num
word used in asking questions when answer "no" is expected
nonne
word used in asking questions when aswer "yes" is expected, generally first in clause
quis, quid
who
what
ubi
where, when
cur
why
reduco, reducere, reduxi, reductus
lead back
draw back
rejicio, rejicere, rejeci, rejectus
hurl back
drive back
repel
remitto, remittere, remisi, remissus
send back
return
release
repello, repellere, reppuli, repulsus
beat back
drive back
reprimo, reprimere, repressi, repressus
press back
check
restrain
vivo, vivere, vixi, victurus
live
praesidium, i
garrison
protection
pilum, i
javelin
rogo, rogare, rogavi, rogatus
ask
request
quot
(indecl. adj.)
how many
quantus, a, um
how large
how great
quo
whither
where (of motion)
scio, scire, scivi, scitus
know
quaero, quaerere, quaesivi, quaesitus
seek
ask
dolor, doloris
pain
sorrow
aperio, aperire, aperui, apertus
open
uncover
expose
ego, mei
I (pl. we)
tu, tui
you
meus, a, um
my
mine
noster, nostra, nostrum
our
ours
our own
tuus, a, um
your (of one person)
yours
your own
vester, vestra, vestrum
your (of more than one person)
yours
your own
is, ea, id
that (pl. those)
he, she, it, they, etc.
sui
himself (him)
herself (her)
itself (it)
themselves (them)
suus, a, um
his (own)
her (own)
its (own)
their (own)
recipio, recipere, recepi, receptus
take back
recipio, recipere, recepi, receptus
(with a reflexive pronoun)
withdraw
recover
dedo, dedere, dedidi, deditus
(always with object)
give up
devote
surrender
abdo, abdere, abdidi, abditus
(always with object)
hide
conceal
dejicio, dejicere, dejeci, dejectus
hurl down
cast down
cogo, cogere, coegi, coactus
bring together
collect
force
relinquo, relinquere, reliqui, relictus
leave
leave behind
divido, dividere, divisi, divisus
divide
separate
fuga, ae
flight
in fugam do, dare, dedi, datus
put to flight
ex (e)
(prep. with abl.)
out of
from
de
(prep. with abl.)
down from
out of
from
concerning (about)
ab (a)
(prep. with abl.)
by (agent)
away from
from
hic, haec, hoc
this (pl. these)
ille, illa, illud
that (pl. those)
he, she, it, they, etc.
causa, ae
cause
reason
causa
(preceded by gen.)
for the sake (of)
ratio, rationis
method
reason
plan
way
diligo, diligere, dilexi, dilectus
love
contra
(prep. with acc.)
against
opposite
interficio, interficere, interfeci, interfectus
kill
adduco, adducere, adduxi, adductus
lead to
induce
influence
conspicio, conspicere, conspexi, conspectus
observe
perceive
conficio, conficere, confeci, confectus
accomplish
finish
exhaust
accipio, accipere, accepi, acceptus
receive
take
facilius
(comparative adv.)
more easily
ut
that
in order that (in purpose clauses)
praeficio, praeficere, praefeci, praefectus
put in command of
(with accus or person and dat. of thing of which)
objicio, objicere, objeci, objectus
throw in the way, place in front
conjicio, conjicere, conjeci, conjectus
hurl, throw, cast
supersum, superesse, superfui
am over, remain, survive
triduum, i
(a period of) three days
deditio, deditionis
surrender, capitulation
projicio, projicere, projeci, projectus
throw forward, cast
eo
thither, to that place, there
posco, poscere, poposci
ask, demand
perterreo
terrify greatly, frighten thoroughly
perfuga, ae
deserter, refugee
ut primum
as soon as
cum primum
as soon as
postquam
after
volo, velle, volui
am willing, wish
eripio, eripere, eripui, ereptus
take away, save from
vires, virium
strength, force
majores, majorum
ancestors, forefathers
tempus, temporis
time
sumo, sumere, sumpsi, sumptus
take, assume
tot
so many
ventus, i
wind
expello, expellere, expuli, expulsus
drive out
hiems, hiemis
winter
natio, nationes
tribe, people
regio, regiones
quarter, region, territory
subitus, a, um
sudden, unexpected
oceanus, i
the ocean
praefectus, i
commander, officer, captain
complures, complura
several, many
amplus, a, um
large, splendid, magnificent
aedifico, aedificare, aedificavi, aedificatus
build, construct
adjungo, adjungere, adjunxi, adjunctus
join to, add, unite
arcesso, arcessere, arcessivi, arcessitus
summon, send for, invite
consuevi, consuetus
have accustomed, have become accustomed, am accustomed
confido, confidere, confisus sum
trust, hope, rely on
difficultas, difficultatis
difficulty, trouble
initium, i
beginning
idem, eadem, idem
same
navigo, navigare, navigavi, navigatus
sail, navigate
navis, navis
ship
ora(ae) maritima(ae)
seacoast
permaneo, permanere, permansi, permansum
remain, stay, persist, continue
sententia, ae
opinion, vote, sentence
usus, us
use, experience, skill
supra
above
licet, licere, licuit
it is lawful, it is allowed
res(rerum) novae(novarum)
revolution
condicio, condicionis
condition, state, agreement
(plural: terms)
odi, odisse
hate
distribuo, distrebuere, distrbui, distributus
assign, distribute
fio, fieri, factus sum
am made, am done, become
impero, imperare, imperavi, imperatus
with ut: order, command
mando, mandare, mandavi, mandatus
with ut: command
efficio, efficere, effeci, efectus
bring about, cause
persuadeo, persuadere, persuasi, persuasum
persuade
ostendo, ostendere, ostendi, ostentus
show, reveal, tell, point out
officium, i
service, allegiance, duty
manus, us
hand, troop, band
celeritas, celeritatis
speed, swiftness
tempestas, tempestatis
strom, weather
altitudo, altitudinis
depth, height
adjicio, adjicere, adjeci, adjectus
throw to, throw up, hurl
accedo, accedere, accessi, accessum
come to, approach, is added
(accedit: there is added)
saevio, saevire, saevi, saevitus
rage, am fierce
vadum, i
ford shallow
consisto, consistere, constiti
take a postion, halt, remain, from(of soldiers), ride ant anchor(of ships)
frustra
in vain, profit, reward
genus, generis
race, tribe, kind
ornatus, a, um
equipped, fitted out
adversus, a, um
opposite, unfavorable, unsuccessful
vel
(vel....vel)
or
(either....or)
singuli, ae, a
one at a time, each
constat
it is agreed, it is certain, it is evident, it is known
pugna, ae
fight, battle
Utor, uti, usus sum
use, employ, exercise
nemo, neminis
no one
caritas, caritatis
charity, love
talis, e
such, of such a kind
tantus, a, um
so great
sic
thus, so, in such a manner
ita
so, thus, in such a manner
tam
so, to such a degree
adeo
so, to such a degree
annus, i
year
certamen, certaminis
struggle, contest
paulo
by a little, a little
lateo, latere, latui
escape, notice, lurk, am hidden
unde
whence, from where
propinquus, a, um
near, neighboring
mare, maris
sea
subito
suddenly
opportunus, a, um
fit, opportune, orable, advantagous
sol, solis
the sun
occasus, us
falling down, setting
solis occasus
sunset
aetas, aetatis
age
amitto, amitere, amisi, amissus
lose
tollo, tollere, sustuli, sublatus
lift up, rake away. passive :am elated
pauci, ae, a
few
desum, deesse, defui, defuturus
am lacking, an, absent, fail
aestas, aestatis
summer
etsi
although
insula, ae
island
incognitus, a, um
unknown
notus, a, um
known
magnitudo, magnitudinis
size, extent, greatness
multitudo, multitudinis
great number, multitude, common people
praemitto, praemittere, praemisi, praemissus
send ahead, send in advance
imperatum, i
order command
domum
(to) home
una
along with, together
nactus, a, um
having obtained possesion of, having met with, having found, having obtained

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