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Glossary of Pharmacy Practice

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A
NOT, WITHOUT, -LESS
AB,ABS
FROM, AWAY FROM OFF
ACANTH(O)
THORN
ACOU
HEARING
ACR(O)
EXTREMITY
ACU
HEARING; NEEDLE
AD
INCREASE, ADHERENCE, MOTION TOWARD
-AD
TOWARD, IN THE DIRECTION OF; -WARD
ADEN(O)
GLAND
ADIP(O)
FAT
-AGOG, -AGOGUE
PROMOTER, STIMULATOR
AIDOIO
GENITALS
-AL
PERTAINING TOO
ALB(O)
WHITE
ALGE(SI), ALGIO, ALGO
PAIN
allo
other, different
ambi
around, on (both) sides, on all sides, both
ambly(o)
dull
amly
starch, polysaccharide
an
not, without, -less
ana
up, toward, apart
andr(o)
male
angi(o)
vessel
ankylo
crooked
ante
before
anthraco
coal, carbon
anthropo
human (either gender)
anti
against, opposing; curative; antibody
apo
separated from, derived from
aque(0)
water
-ar
pertaining to
-arche
beginning
arteri(o)
artery
arthr(o)
joint, articulation
-ary
pertaining to
-ase
enzyme
-ate
a salt or ester of an "-ic" acid
athero
pasty, fatty
atto
one-quintillionth (10^-18)
audi(o)
hearing
aur(i), auro
ear
aut(o)
self, same
bacteri(o)
bacteria
balan(o)
glans penis
bi
twice, double
bio
life
blasto
budding by cells or tissue
blephar(o)
eyelid
brachi(o)
arm
brachy
short
bronch
bronchus
brady
slow
bronch(i), bronch(i)o
bronchus
carcin(o)
cancer
cardi(o)
heart; esophageal opening of stomach
carpo
wrist
cata
down
caud(o)
tail, lower part of body
-cele
hernia, swelling
celio
abdomen
-centesis
surgical puncture
centi
one-hundreth (10^-2)
cephal(o)
the head
cervic(o)
neck; uterine cervix
cheil(o)
lip
cheir(o)
hand
chem(o)
chemistry; drug
chir(o)
hand
chlor(o)
green; chlorine
chol(e)
bile
chondrio, chondr(o)
cartilage; granular, gritty
chrom, chromat, chromo
color
chron(o)
time
-cidal, -cide
killing, destroying
cis
on this side, on the near side
-clast
breaker
-clysis
washing
co, col
with, together, in association, complete
colp(o)
vagina
com, con
with, together, in asscoiation, complete
conio
dust
cor
with, together, in association, complete
coreo
pupil
cost(o)
rib
crani(o)
cranium
-crine
secretion
cry(o)
cold
crypt(o)
hidden
culdo
cul-de-sac
cyan(o)
blue; cyanide
cycl
circle, cycle; ciliary body
cyst(i), cysto
bladder; cyst; cystic duct
cyt, -cyte, cyto
cell
dacry(o)
tears
dactyl(o)
finger, toe
de
away from; cessation
deca
ten
deci
one-tenth
deka
ten
denti
tooth
derm, derma, dermat(o), dermo
sin
-desis
binding
dextr(o)
right, toward or on the right side
di, dif
separation, taking apart, reversal, not, un-
dipso
thirst
dir, dis
separation, taking apart, reversal, not, un-
duo
two
duodeno
duodenum
-dynia
pain
dynamo
force, energy
dys
bad, difficult, wrong
ect
outer, on the outside
-ectasia, ectasis
dilation, stretching
ecto
outer, on the outside
-ectomy
excision
-emphraxis
obstruction
encephal(o)
brain
end(o)
within, inner
enter(o)
intestine
ent(o)
inner, within
ep, epi
upon, following, subsequent to
ergo
work
erythr(o)
red, redness
eso
inward
esthesio
sensation, perception
eu
good, well
ex
out of, from, away from
exo
exterior, external, outward
extra
without, outside of
ferri
ferric ion (Fe+3)
ferro
metallic iron, ferrous ion (Fe+2)
fibr(o)
fiber
-form
in the form or shape of
galact(o)
milk
gastr(o)
stomach; belly
gen, -gen
producing, coming to be; precursor
giga
one billion (10^9)
gingiv(o)
gums
gloss(o)
tongue
gluco
glucose
glyco
sugar
gnath(o)
jaw
gon
seed, semen
gonio
angle
gono
seed semen
-gram
writing, recording
granul(o)
granular, granule
-graph
recording instrumetn
gyn(e), gyneco, gyno
woman
hecto
one hundred (10^2)
hem(a), hemat(o)
blood
hemi
one-half
hemo
blood
hepat, hepatico, hepato
liver
hept(a)
seven
hidr(o)
sweat
hist, histio, histo
tissue
homeo
same, constant
hydr(o)
water; hydrogen
hyper
above normal, deficient
hypo
below normal, deficient
hyster(o)
uterus; hysteria; late, following
-ia
condition
-iasis
condition, infestation, infection
-ic
pertaining to
-ics
oganized knowledege, practice, treatment
ileo,
ileume
ilio
ilium
in
in; not
-in
chemical suffix
-ine
chemical suffix
infra
below
inguino
groin
inter
between, among
intra, intro
within
irid(o)
iris
ischi(o)
ischium
-ism
condition, disease; practice, doctrine
-ismus
spasm; contraction
iso
equal, like; isomer; sameness
-ite
of the nature of, resembling
-ites
-y,-like
-itides
plural of -itis
-itis
inflammation
kal(i)
potassium
kary(o)
nucleus
kerat(o)
cornea, cornified epithelium
kilo
one thousand
kin(e), kinesi(o), kineso, kino
movement
labio
lip
lacrim(o)
tears
lact(i), lacto
milk
laparo
abdomen. abdominal wall
laryng(o)
larynx
lateri, latero
lateral, to one side, side
-lepsis, -lepsy
seizure
lepto
light, slender, thin, frail
leuk(o)
white
lien(o)
spleen
linguo
tongue
lip(o)
fat, lipid
lith(o)
stone, calculus, calcification
-log
speech, words
log(o)
speech, words
-logy
study of; collecting
lymph(o)
lymph; lymphocyte
lys(o), -lysis, -lytic
dissolution, disintegration; release
macr(o)
large; long
mal
bad, deficient
-malacia
softening
mamm, mamm(a), mammo
breast
mast(o)
breast
meg
large, oversize
mega
large, oversize; one million
megal(o)
large
-megaly
enlargement
melan(o)
black
men
menstruation
mening(o)
meninges
meno
menstruation
ment(o)
chin
-mer
member of a series
mes(o)
middle, mean, intermediate; attaching membrane
meta
after, behind; oint action, sharing
-meter
measurement, measuring device
metr(o)
uterus
micr
small, microscopic
micro
small, microscopic; one-millionth
milli
one-thousandth
mon(o)
single
morph(o)
form, shape, sturcture
my(o)
muscle
myel(o)
bone marrow; spinal cord
myring(o)
tympanic membrane
myx(o)
mucus
nano
dwarf; one-billionth (10^-9)
nas(o)
nose
natr(i)
sodium
necr(o)
death, necrosis
neo
new
nephr(o)
kidney
neur(i), neuro
nerve, nervous system
norm(o)
normal
octo
eight
oculo
eye
odont(o)
tooth
odyn(o), -odynia
pain
olig(o)
few, little
-oma
tumor, neoplasm
-omata
plural of -oma

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