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Glossary of Paul Test 2

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Created by tiffanyelainegibson

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eschatology
theological reflection upon the consummation of human history and related ideas such as death, resurrection, final judgment and establishing the kingdom of God
essenes
a Jewish sectarian movement (ca. 150 BCE to 70 AD) which gave rise to a separatist community/communities that practiced rigorous obedience to Torah, a monastic lifestyle and apocalyptic expectations

eucharist
"thanksgiving" - derived from the prayer of thanksgiving in the consecration of the sacramental elements of bread and wine
formula quotations
quotes from HB found in Matthew to represent Jesus as the fulfillment of Hebrew prophecy; introduced by a stereotyped formula to make the point explicit
four source hypothesis
Q, Mark, M, L

gnosticism
characterized by the belief that the true self is of heavenly origins but is entrapped in the material, evil world; escape to the heavenly realm is possible only through the acquisition of secret, redemptive knowledge revealed only to a few
hellenistic
the manifestation of Greek language and culture outside Greece; often a veneer over a native culture
hellenistic age
when the eastern Mediterranean world was dominated Greek kingdoms and culture permeated every aspect of society; from the conquests of Alexander the Greek (d. 323 BCE) to the reign of Augustus (Octavian) Caesar (31 BCE).

hermeneutics
the theory and practice of the interpretation of text
incarnation
the embodiment of the divine nature voluntarily in a human body for the purposes of revelation and salvation
Second Temple Judaism/ Intertestamental Period
450 BCE to 100 CE, a period when Judaism developed as the surviving form of ancient Israelite religion and manifest itself in a variety of parties and movements
kerygma
Greek word meaning “proclamation” or “preaching” that came to mean strictly the proclamation of the messiahship of Jesus
koine
Greek word meaning “common” which referred to the form of Greek spoken throughout the Greco-Roman world by non-Greeks
logia
Greek term meaning “sayings” (logion, singular); refers to Jesus’ pointed, brief sayings, in contrast to his parables
messiah
Hebrew for “anointed one”; originally a human agent set apart for a special task by ritualistic anointing; could refer to outstanding humans or archangels in second temple Judaism; in early Christianity, one sent to redeem humanity back to God
midrash
Hebrew (“seek,” “inquire”); a type of biblical interpretation common in Palestinian rabbinical schools that dealt with narratives (haggadah) or legal/ethical traditions (halakah).
mystery religions
type of religion popular during the Roman period which offered personal salvation through secret rites and participation in the cult of the patron/patroness deity
oral torah
large body of Pharasaic-rabbinic legal traditions which were regarded as equal to the written Torah
parable
an example or story drawn from everyday life which compares the familiar world and the unfamiliar transcendent world in order to create understanding and give new meaning to life

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