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Glossary of PHI 101

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Philosophy
Love of Wisdom, aquisition of knowledge, truth

Critera of right throught/ action

Socrates
469 BC
Athens, Greek
First Martyr
Search for truth "corrupt young, didnt believe athenian gods"
Taught Plato







Plato
Famous of all philosphers
Student of Socrates
Important source of Socrates philosophy.



Socrates Philosophy
Way of life - Search of Truth
"to live life without examininig is unthinkable"

Self examiniation of life is more important than survival

Philosophy - Examination of Human life




Socrates view of Lang/World
Parallel between language and world
World has superficial appearance in senses and true appearance in reason
Example of Socrates view of dual appearnce of world
stick in water, look bent
reflection of light creates the false appeareance.
Republic
Socrates and Thrasymachus
Made Thrasmachus admit
People who are weak act in strong
Weak dont act in weak




Justice
How should we live a good live
Whether unexmained life is worth living
Early Philosophers
Milesians
Milesians
Early Scientists
Miletus,Turkey
Little writing survived

Thales-Astronomer
Animander
Anaximenes





Milesian Philosophy
Everything in the world is divided into four categories: Earth, water, air, fire

Thales - WATER
Anaximenese- AIR

Quesiton- Van various realities of the world be unified by 1 element




Lucretius
Roman philospoher
Poet
1 B.C
Atom


Anaximander
Milesian Philosoper
Anaximenes
Everything in the universe is from air
Study of the universe
Reflects the study of the natural principles which cause the existence of the universe the way it is
Study of human nature
Reflects the study of the principles which explain the human nature ex; human behavior, mind, desire, conscience.
two principles that connect between human and universe philosophies
Logos
Epistemological princpal
Logos
underlying order exhibited by the operation of a power of reason.
Everything in the universe is in orderly manner bound by reason."

Bridge between human nature and universe

Developed by Stoics

God is reason








God levels
Cosmic level
Social level
Indisidual human level

Cosmic level
Power of reason determines the existence, nature and relative positions of eveyr component, in the universe.
Social level
Power of reason determines the social order from king to ordinary people
Individual level
The same principle determines the order of rational, passional and appetitive elements of the soul.
Uniquness of humans
Posessing power of reasoning, spark of logos
3 Primary orders
Existence
Nature
Relative Positions

Indiviual Human Order
RAtionaly passion and appetitive represent diff forms of human soul.
Rationalty
Resides in intellect
Passion
Resides in our senses
Appetite
resides in our vegatative state
Marcus Aurelius
Great roman emperor
161-180 ad
Marcus Stoic theme
Universe = one being have inteligence

Intelligence of the universe is social

All things in the universe are implicated with one another



Marcus reasons
Why is intelligence social?

The universe as one living being having most superior rank has created other inferior things with different grades of inferiority to serve its prupose,
having everything is subordination, maintains rational order.


Links in universe
Holy, because order of the universe is due to cordination of things by reason
Epistemology
theory of knowledge
Knowledge of universe is a common platfom
Knowing process
Mind presents us knowledge through
What we know
Is unlimited in the universe
cant achieve what we know without, how we know( process of thinking)


How we know
Has implication of what we know with respect to knowledge
17-18 century philosophers

British Empiricsts
Rationalist

Rationalism
implicates knowledge obtained by reason
Empiricism
Implicated knowledge obtained by our senses

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