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Glossary of Oxford Latin Text Vocab IV

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labor
I slip, slide
labi
to slip, slide
lapsus sum
I slipped, slid
labor, laboris
work, suffering
laboro
I work
lacero
I tear into pieces
lana, -ae
wool
lapis, lapidis
stone
lateo
I lie hidden
latui
I lay hidden
lectus
bed, couch
legatio, -onis
embassy
lego
I read (Greek lego=say, speak)
legi
I have read
lectum
having been read
lenis, lene
slowly
libens, libentis
willing
libenter
gladly
liber, libri
book
liber
free OR book
libera
free
liberum
free
libertinus, -a, -um
freedman, of a freedman
libertus, -a, -um
freedman
mihi licet
it is permitted for me, I am allowed, I may
sibi licet
he is permitted, allowed, may
tibi licet
you are permitted, allowed, may
limen, liminis
threshold
lugeo
I mourn
luxi
I mourned
luctum
having been mourned
luxit
he has mourned
lumen, luminis
light
maestus, -a, -um
sad (think of the emo band Mae)
magnitudo, magnitudinis
great size
magnopere
greatly
maiestas, maiestatis
majesty (remember i=j)
maiores, maiorum
ancestors
mos maiorum
traditions of our ancestors
malignus, -a, -um
malignant, spiteful
mansum
having been left (i.e. from maneo--I remain, stay, wait)
matrimonium
marriage
meditor
I think over, meditate
meditatus sum
I have thought over, meditated
mensa, -ae
table
mereo
I deserve, earn
merui
I have deserved, earned
meritum
deserts, reward
merita
deserts, rewards
militia, militare
of soldiers, military
militia, -ae
warfare, military service
milito, militare
I serve (as a soldier), I campaign
mille
a thousand
mille passus
a mile
milia milium
thousands
milia passum
miles
minor
I threaten (think of...minor threat)
minari
to threaten
minatus sum
I have threatened (from minor)
mirus
wonderful--think of miror
mira
wonderful (fem) --think of miror
mirum
wonderful (neut) --think of miror
modicus
moderate, modest, small
modo
only; lately
modo...modo
now...now
modus, -i
way, kind, sort
morbus
disease
moror
I delay
moratus sum
I have delayed
morari
to delay
mos, moris
custom
multitudo, multitudinis
multitude, crowd
munus, muneris
gift, duty; (gladitorial) show
murus, -i
wall (mural)
nascor
I am born
nasci
to be born
nascitur
he is born
natus sum
I was born
nauta
sailor
natus
son
ne...quidem
not even
nefas (indecl)
wrong
negotium
busoiness
nescioquis, nescioquid
someone/something or other
nimis
too much (same as nimium)
nimium
too much (same as nimis)
nondum
not yet
nonnulli
some
nonnumquam
sometimes
nubo
I marry
nubit
he marries
nupsi
I married
nuptum
having been married
numptum est
he was married to
nugae, -ae
trifles, nonsense
num
whether
nundinae, -arum
market day
nuntius
message, messenger
obeo
I go to meet, meet, die (think of perf. obiit--obiturary)
obeit
he meets, dies
obii
I died, met
obiit
he died, met
obitum
having been met (can't have a p/p/p of died)
obsessum
having been besieged (obsideo)
obses
hostage
obsidis
hostage (gen. of obses)
obviam eo (+ dat)
I come to meet
Occidens, Occidentis
the West (Orient is the East)
offero
I offer
obtuli
I have offered (from offero)
oblatum
having been offered (from offero)
tuli
I bring, carry (from fero)
latum
having been brought, carried (from fero)
olim
once (in past);
some time (in future)
omitto
I let go, neglect
omisi
I have omitted, neglected, let go
omissum
havigng been omitted, neglected, let go (omission)
ominino
altogether, completely
opes, opum
wealth (opulent)
me oportet
I ought (think of opportunity)
te oportet
you ought
se oportet
he ought
oporuit
I ought (past tense)
opto
I wish, pray for
optare
to wish, pray for
optavi
I wished, prayed for
optatus sum
having been wished, prayed for
ora, -ae
shore
opprimo
I oppress (perf. is oppressi)
oppressi
I have oppressed
opprimere
to oppress
oppressum
having been oppressed
Oriens, Orientis
the East (Occidental is the west)
oro
I beg, pray
orat
he begs, prays
orare
to beg, pray
oravi
I have begged, prayed
oratum
having been prayed (for), begged (for)
os, oris
mouth, face
ocsculum
kiss (think of os, oris = mouth, face)
perduco
I lead, conduct
perduxi
I have led, conducted
perductum
having been led, conducted
peritus (+gen.)
skilled in
perrumpo
I break through
perrupi
I broke through
perrumptum
having been broken through
persequor
I follow after, pursue
persequi
to follow after, pursue
persecutus sum
I followed after, pursued
persona
character
personae
characters (from persona)
pessimus
very bad, worst
mihi placet
it pleases me to; I decide
plane
clearly, extremely
plenus (+abl)
enough
plena
enough
plenum
enough
plerique, pleraeque, pleraque
several
plerumque
often, usually
polliceor
I promise
polliceri
to promise
pollicitus sum
I promised (from polliceor)
porta vs. portus
porta=gate; portus=port
portus
port
porta
gate
posco
I demand
poscere
to demand
poposci
I have demanded
possideo
I possess
possidere
to possess
possedi
I have possessed
possessum
having been possessed
posterus
the next
posthac
after this, hereafter
postquam
after
poto
I drink
potat
he drinks
potavi
I drunk
potavimus
we drunk
potare
to drink
potatum
having been drunk
praebo
I offer, give, show
praebit
he offers, gives, shows
praebui
I offered, showed, gave
praebitum
having been offered, shown, given
praeceptum
precept, advice
praedico
I predict, foretell
praedixi
I predicted, foretold
praeficio
I put ____ in charge of ____.
praefeci
I have put ____ in charge of ____.
praefectum
having been put in charge of ____.
praesens, -tis
present
praesidium, -i
garrison
praesum
I am in charge of
praeesse
to be in charge of
praefui
I was in charge of
praefuit
he was in charge of
praetereo
I pass, go past
praeterii
I have past, went past
praeterire
to pass, go past
praeteritum
having been passed
quam primum
as soon as possible
principia, -orum
headquarters (think of princeps and the imp. of his dwelling)
probo
I approve of
probavit
he approves of
probatum
having been approved of
priscus
old fashioned, old (old prick, priss)
procul
far from, far off
promitto
I promise
promisi
I promised
promissum
having been proomissed
pronuntio
I proclaim
pronuntiat
he proclaims
pronuntavi
I proclaimed
pronuntavisti
you (pl) proclaimed
pronuntatum
having been proclaimed
propono
I put out, explain
proposui
I have put out, explained

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